With the Roman invasion, Christianity became intertwined with Celtic religion. In the early Middle Ages, the Christian holiday 'All Saints Day,' which they had always celebrated during the summer months to pay homage to all their fallen Saints and Martyrs, was dedicated as an official holiday by Pope Boniface I. The date of this observance was changed by Pope Gregory III, who moved their Catholic holiday from May 13 to November 1. The traditional religious Celtic night of Samhain, October 31, or 'All Hallows Eve,' began to be called 'Halloween', and now came the night before the Catholic 'All Saints Day'. By the following century, the Church dedicated November 2 as 'All Souls Day', a day to remember ALL dead. Copying the Celtics, (not the Mexicans, because as far as we know, they hadn't met yet! Read on…) 'All Souls Day' was celebrated with music, parades, dressing in costume, wine, food, and bonfires. They even began to prepare and distribute 'Soul Cakes', with encouragement by the church, probably as a way to replace the Celtic way of leaving food and wine for roaming spirits. But also during the festivities, the poor would beg for food, money, and ale. Children started to take up the practice, which was called 'going a-souling.'
The Aztec's discovered the ancient Mesoamerican city Teotihuacan, or "City of the Gods," in the 1300s. It had already been abandoned by its inhabitants but had early irrigation systems and obsidian deposits which were highly valued at the time. First formed between 150 BCE and 200 CE, the original name of the city has yet to be deciphered. Teotihuacan had its own writing system that used dates and names, almost like the Mayan writing system. The location of the "City of the Gods" in the basin of Central Mexico was utilized and turned into a flourishing hub. It boasted a population of 200,000 at its peak, between 375 CE-500 CE. To this day, no one has discovered exactly why the largest buildings were deliberately set afire around 600 CE. The original city lasted only another century or two, as some of its pre-Mayan inhabitants lingered until it eventually became abandoned.
There has been a huge wave of survival gear products on the market since The Walking Dead hit show. The zombie apocalypse trend seems to finally be over. But, the brief fear brought more attention to surviving catastrophic disasters, survival food like MRE's (Meals, Ready-to-Eat) and survival gear. Let us not forget eco-friendlier homes and the underground bunker niche in the real estate market.
The Oceanides, Goddesses, and Water Nymphs
I flip my hair upside-down to wash it and your scent takes me to a place where time and hate are unknown.
I breathe in deeply, my eyes closed. You aren't the air. The warmth of the Sun washes over me from head to toe. It gives me waves of almost painful ecstasy.