Why do some people have to watch hard science fiction when watching science fiction?
Later, I thought about what hard science fiction and soft science fiction are, and I was very happy after studying them. I think that the readers in the Chinese science fiction circle have quite the legacy of "ancients", that is, most of them still like the works of the golden age of science fiction represented by the three giants: the stars and the sea, the courage to unite, in other words: never give up when encountering difficulties, and find ways when encountering problems. In fact, hard science fiction is hard science fiction, and its hardness is not completely that of the background set by science fiction. It is hard in logic, or in values. Some people think that hard science fiction is a scientific structure that should be extremely close to the truth, and later evolved into the "better read the paper". This is extremely one-sided, which is particularly easy to anger "hard science fiction" fans, because this view itself is "not hard in logic". At the beginning, I did a lot of research to find out what everyone said was hard, but the more I studied, the more confused I became, because I found that all kinds of people have different definitions of "hard". Since it is hard to sum up what we interpret by ourselves, we can only start from the work itself. I quickly found the answer by starting with what everyone opposed: hard science fiction means hard logic, and there should be no absurd plots; Hard science fiction means that the values should be hard, and there should be no such circumstances as the proliferation of the Virgin and forced demotion of wisdom. This idea actually comes from me. Because I am a fan of zombie novels, but most foreign zombie movies can only be pushed forward by the confusion and conflict caused by the hero's forced death and Bai Zuo's behavior, which also leads to constant negative comments. The outstanding films, not to mention how brave the protagonist is and how perfect the plot is, at least he is not so white left. He will be willing to sacrifice some humanitarianism to save everyone's lives, which is "what should be done" in the eyes of Chinese audiences. For example, the first few seasons of walking dead and wwz can also be logically self consistent. It is well known that the concept of zombie is a big bug from beginning to end, which is not scientific. Trying to tell science in zombie movies is a behavior that is far from the broad spectrum, which is definitely not hard on science. However, the critical audience did not give a bad comment to wwz and the walking dead in the previous seasons, because the protagonist abided by the values of the end, made reasonable judgments, respected the audience's IQ, and was in line with logic and hard values. What the audience wants is not the accuracy of the paper, but the basic logic. Therefore, I demand that my novels also be logically self consistent. In order to achieve this goal, I actually sacrificed a lot of powerful plots, even seemed a bit "boring", but the fact is that the score ranked first in Zhihu Yanxuan zombie area, and no readers roast about my logic problem. Of course, I know there must be many loopholes, but I have tried my best to stop them. I have done my best to respect readers' IQ.
What is science fiction
Typical science fiction is based on reasonable or unreasonable speculation. Through projection, inference, analogy, hypothesis and demonstration, it describes the role of exploring, discovering, understanding and testing things in a certain time and space in the form of science (observation, hypothesis, experiment), usually reflecting the status of people in the universe and the relationship between people and the universe in reality. "The form of science" can also be used in the name of fantasy, for example, to describe magicians observing, analyzing and experimenting with scientific and technological products such as airplanes in a magical way of thinking. In science fiction works, knights can also see trains as giant dragons, mantis with long spears as chariots, etc., but this idea will make readers tired. Science fiction literature was basically born after the Industrial Revolution. People clearly feel that the development of science and technology has changed the way of social production and their own way of life, and promoted social change. Therefore, people will inevitably think of the future science and technology and their impact on mankind. Anxiety and longing urge people to think, so most science fiction will describe the future, and most of them will introduce inference and unfinished technical achievements in reality. Among them, works containing scientific knowledge provide knowledge for readers, stimulate positive scientific thinking, and bring new ideas. Science fiction is not bound by traditional social thoughts and can freely explore various social concepts and scientific concepts. However, the reactions of characters, societies, civilizations and species in the book to various things will show the author's understanding of these things in a specific era background and scientific level. Some authors are willing to explore ways to solve practical contradictions, while others are willing to write pseudo history to reveal the relationship between social changes and people, and discuss the value of people, even human values. Readers who like science fiction literature will observe and examine human history and life according to the scientific methods and ways of thinking introduced in the book, and some of them will embark on the road of scientific research. For more than a hundred years, the development of science and technology has constantly turned science fiction into reality, further encouraging the bold creation of science fiction novelists and forming positive feedback. Science fiction dramatizes the requirements and ideals of a society with rich imagination. Although science fiction is an idea literature, few art forms can compete with science fiction in terms of deeply revealing the needs, expectations, fears, worries and troubles of an era, that is, accurately reflecting the limitations of the era. Readers can see the aspects of the times and another kind of life under the "If XXX", and thus be inspired. This inspiration can not only be the admiration for the beauty of the universe, guide the interest in science, but also be the impulse to create, and can also be a new understanding of human feelings and psychology. By reading the science fiction of a certain year, the reader can actually get a clearer social profile than that reflected by the "contemporary fiction" and non fiction inspection of that year. A very intuitive example is that when a large number of decadent literature was published in Europe during the Cold War, science fiction was talking about world war, the destruction and rebirth of mankind, the dawn of peace, the distant sky, the mechanization of human beings and the humanization of machines. By describing the possibility that the reader has not yet considered - a world of another form, a species different from ours, a form of civilization that has never existed before, and a different view of things - science fiction effectively comments on society and promotes social development, so as to enhance the reader's ability to respond to changes in the real world. Science fiction can not only enable people to prepare for the future, but also create or change ideas, so that people can create the future better. When people laugh at the failure of old science fiction predictions, they laugh not only at that time, but also at this time.