According to the Association for Educational Communication and Technology, institutional technology is the theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learning. According to this definition, it involves ways of making learning effective by incorporating, not only scientific theories, but also other information that provides enough knowledge. Accordingly, the definition is grounded on the concept of instructional technology, which is divided into five interconnected domains. These domains include development, utilization, design, management, and evaluation. Under each domain, there are subdomains, which help in bringing out a clearer meaning of the term in structural technology. Design refers to the process of specifying conditions for learning, development refers to the process of translating design specifications into a physical form, utilization refers to the use of processes and resources for learning, management refers to processes of controlling instructional technology, and evaluation is the process of determining the adequacy of instruction.