the human health crisis is not far off
Three eagle species have dropped from an unprecedented 97% to 99.9% by swallowing diclofenac found in animal carcasses between 1992-2007.
Start writing... Once upon a time these geeky birds were found everywhere in villages, towns, trees and electric poles, rock tops, houses. Typically, long bare necks on the sides of the road are seen leaning towards the corpse of a pathetic dead animal or circling the sky like a large number of dark clouds.These were innumerable in number; Were too high to count. According to a survey conducted in 1991-1992, there were 40 million eagles in India in 18 protected areas.These have disappeared in just ten years. The number of these has reached the brink of extinction. Of the three major eagle species in India, the long-haired, slender-bodied species of the genus has dropped a staggering 97 per cent, while the white-ramped species became 99.9 per cent worse off in 1992-2007."No bird has been reported to have become so extinct as anywhere else in the world," said Asad Rahmani, former director of the Bombay Natural History Society. There was a sharp drop in the number of overseen passenger pigeons. These passenger pigeons, numbering 3 billion, are considered to be the largest bird in the world. But in the early 1990s, nothing was left. The last bird in the cage, Martha, also died at the Cincinnati Zoo.What's going on?Initially no one noticed the details that the number of eagles came down. There were also rough reports from researchers and reports that villagers said 'eagles were nowhere to be found'.Vibu Prakash, chief scientist of the Mumbai Natural History Society, was the first to document the decline in the famous Keolado National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan. In 1987-1988 he estimated that there were 353 pairs of eagles in the 29 sq km park. In 1996, that number halved. He was shocked to see eagles lying dead on plants, trees and even nests.“I was worried and confused. I do not understand what is happening to these birds, ”he recalled.By the year 2000, not a single eagle had survived in Bharatpur. It sounded the alarm. News of similar deaths soon began to arrive from across the country. The White-ramped Eagle, once considered the largest predator on the subcontinent, has become one of the world's most endangered birds.The number of three genera, which numbered in the millions, has recently been estimated to be only about 20,000. Of these, 12,000 were white ramps with long units and only 1,000 were eagles with very rare soft units.In the year 2000, the International Coordinating Center for Nature Conservation declared all three species as critically endangered. These will disappear if no emergency measures are taken to recover them before they become extinct.How did it happen?Finally, many countries are concerned about this. An international team of more than a dozen scientists, backed by the Peregrine Fund, examined the carcasses of eagles in Pakistan and found that diclofenac was the real cause. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug given to animals.The drug is a boon to those who depend on their livestock for their livelihood. It can act quickly. Powerful painkiller and antidepressant. The added advantage is that the price is also very low.Eagles eat carcasses. In the country with the highest number of livestock in the world, the bodies of rotten cattle are most commonly found. Long-necked eagles, especially genus eagles, dig deep into carcasses and eat soft parts. These are capable of digging up an animal or deer bone in just 20 minutes.Of the nine eagle species in India, diclofenac mainly affects three of the five genus species. Prakash explains that the migration of the other two types of eagles to faraway places such as the Himalayas and Central Asian countries, where these drugs are rarely used, is one of the reasons for their survival. Eagles and gray eagles eat hard meat and muscle cords so they are not affected by this diclofenac drug.Frozen negative image in the public domain.Not only do humans care about the safety of these birds, eagles are viewed differently. In India it is worshiped as . It is also seen as a foretaste of death. In the general view, an eagle is thought to attack the weak. There is also the habit of setting an example that is like an eagle when talking about those who take advantage of the misfortune of others. That is, it is seen as a negative symbol in many ways.But these bodies play a valuable role in our ecosystem. As it disposes of the body quickly and efficiently, harmful bacteria do not grow and spread. These contain high levels of body temperature and strong stomach acids that ingest rotten bodies infected with bacteria without causing any adverse effects. Even dogs and rats can eat rotten bodies, but unlike eagles, they can spread germs and spread disease.The extinction of eagles has had another unintended consequence. The eagles are on the verge of extinction, making it difficult for the Parsis or the Zoroastrian community to perform their unique funeral rites. It is customary for them to dispose of the bodies of the dead in places known as 'towers of silence'. There the bodies are mainly eaten by eagles. The Parsis considered land and water sacred and believed that burying or burning the dead would pollute nature.The annual decline in white rump eagles was 43.9%. The relaxed breeding eagle lays only one egg at a time. It has an eight-month reproductive cycle. So if the loss is more than 5 percent, there is not much chance of recovering these.Some signs of hope.