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Saddam hussain

Biography of a dictator

By AbliPublished 6 months ago 3 min read

Saddam Hussein was an Iraqi politician and dictator who served as the President of Iraq from 1979 until his overthrow in 2003. He was born on April 28, 1937, in the village of Al-Awja, near Tikrit, in northern Iraq. His father, who died before Saddam was born, was a peasant farmer, and his mother remarried shortly after Saddam's birth.

Early Life and Education
Saddam grew up in poverty and his stepfather was physically abusive towards him. He was raised primarily by his uncle, Khairallah Talfah, who was a nationalist and a teacher. Talfah instilled in Saddam a strong sense of Arab identity and a hatred of colonialism and imperialism. Saddam was a bright student, and he attended school in Tikrit before moving to Baghdad to attend high school.

After high school, Saddam enrolled in the law school at the University of Baghdad. He was an average student, but he became involved in politics and joined the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party in 1957. Saddam quickly rose through the ranks of the party and became a member of its leadership council.

Rise to Power
In 1963, the Ba'ath Party staged a coup against the government of Abdul Karim Qasim, and Saddam played a key role in the coup. However, the coup was short-lived, and Qasim regained power. Saddam was arrested and imprisoned, but he escaped from prison in 1967 and fled to Syria.

While in Syria, Saddam continued to work with the Ba'ath Party and helped to plan an unsuccessful coup against Qasim in 1969. However, the Ba'ath Party eventually succeeded in taking power in Iraq in 1968, and Saddam returned to Iraq and quickly became a powerful figure within the party.

In 1979, Saddam became the President of Iraq, following the resignation of his predecessor, Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr. Saddam consolidated his power and became a brutal dictator, known for his use of torture, executions, and repression of political opposition. He also launched several wars of aggression, including the Iran-Iraq War and the Gulf War.

Iran-Iraq War
The Iran-Iraq War was fought between 1980 and 1988 and was one of the longest and bloodiest conflicts of the 20th century. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, and it quickly became a stalemate, with both sides suffering heavy casualties. The war ended in a ceasefire in 1988, but it left both countries devastated and millions dead or injured.

Gulf War
In 1990, Saddam invaded Kuwait, claiming that it was historically part of Iraq. This led to an international coalition, led by the United States, to intervene and drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. The Gulf War lasted only a few months, but it was a devastating defeat for Saddam and Iraq, as they suffered heavy losses and were forced to pay reparations to Kuwait.

Fall from Power
Following the Gulf War, Saddam faced increasing international isolation and sanctions, which devastated the Iraqi economy. He also faced internal opposition from Kurdish and Shia groups, who he brutally suppressed. In 2003, the United States, citing concerns about weapons of mass destruction, invaded Iraq and overthrew Saddam's government.

Saddam went into hiding, but he was eventually captured by U.S. forces in December 2003. He was tried by an Iraqi court and sentenced to death for crimes against humanity, including the killing of 148 Shia Muslims in the town of Dujail in 1982. He was executed on December 30, 2006.

Saddam Hussein's legacy is a complicated one. On the one hand, he was a brutal dictator who committed horrific crimes against his own people and led his country into devastating wars. On the other hand, he is still remembered by some as a strong leader who resisted foreign intervention and stood up for Arab nationalism.

During his rule, Saddam invested heavily in infrastructure projects, such as roads, schools, and hospitals, which improved the standard of living for many Iraqis. He also promoted women's rights and education, although these gains were overshadowed by his brutal regime.

Saddam's downfall and the subsequent chaos in Iraq have led to ongoing instability and violence in the country. The sectarian divide between Sunnis and Shias has been exacerbated, and terrorist groups such as ISIS have taken advantage of the power vacuum.

In conclusion, Saddam Hussein was a complex figure who played a significant role in shaping the modern history of Iraq and the Middle East. While his brutal regime and aggressive foreign policy led to the deaths of millions and left his country devastated, his legacy is still debated by many. However, it is clear that his reign was marked by violence, repression, and tragedy, and his downfall has had far-reaching consequences that continue to be felt today.


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