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Decoding Unicornuate Uterus: Understanding Causes and Symptoms

Explore Unicornuate Uterus: its causes and symptoms unravelled. Gain insights into this condition's intricacies for better understanding and informed discussions.

By Banker IVFPublished 3 months ago 3 min read

A unicornuate uterus is an innate irregularity in which a person either has just one fallopian tube or an unusually shaped uterine cavity.

A unicornuate uterus is a rare condition that has a fair few kinds. While some of them can cause pregnancy complications, others can cause unusual pelvic pain.

The treatment recommended to various individuals who have a unicornuate uterus essentially relies on the type of unicornuate uterus they have.

What is a Unicornuate Uterus?

A Unicornuate Uterus is a condition wherein a person is born with only half a uterus. Here, an individual has only one functional fallopian tube as opposed to two. Besides this, a person with a unicornuate uterus also has an unusually small uterine cavity.

Typically, a person assigned female at birth has one uterus which is further connected to two fallopian tubes on each side. Now the uterus is a hollow cavity that accommodates the complete development of an embryo. Fallopian tubes facilitate the movement of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus during ovulation.

For people who have a unicornuate uterus, a better part of their uterus is absorbed back into the body. In about 75% of these people, the uterus has a leftover extension which is essentially a rudimentary fallopian tube. In addition, the aforementioned rudimentary horn does not necessarily possess its complete functionality.

A lot of people with a unicornuate uterus might have miscarriages or may deliver prematurely. In cases where the uterus also has a rudimentary, horn-like fallopian tube attached to it, individuals might have higher chances of experiencing an unusual pain in the pelvic region.

Discover personalised solutions for managing and monitoring a Unicornuate Uterus. Book your consultation with Banker IVF and take the first step towards a comprehensive understanding of your reproductive health.

How common is a Unicornuate Uterus?

In order to better understand the intricacies of a unicornuate uterus, it is important to understand just how prevalent or rare the condition is.

A unicornuate uterus is a relatively uncommon occurrence. Only around 0.4% of the people have it. In addition, as opposed to other uterine irregularities, a unicornuate uterus is the most uncommon one.

Is pregnancy affected by a unicornuate uterus?

Yes, pregnancy can be affected by a unicornuate uterus. While it may not make conception impossible, there is a large probability that a unicornuate uterus can cause a miscarriage or multiple miscarriages or result in a premature delivery.

What are the symptoms of a unicornuate uterus?

A large portion of people who have a unicornuate uterus may never realise the presence of the same.

Most individuals may come to the realisation only when they get pregnant or as and when they are getting treated for infertility-related concerns.

Some of the most commonly observed symptoms of a unicornuate uterus are:

  • Menstrual pain
  • Recurring pelvic discomfort
  • Hematometra (retention of blood in the uterus)

What are the causes of the unicornuate uterus?

A unicornuate uterus develops during embryological development when the normal formation of the uterus is disrupted owing to unknown underlying reasons. The aforementioned is precisely why the condition is labelled a congenital abnormality.

Typically, the formation of a uterus takes place after two Mullerian ducts fuse together. Research in the area is yet to discover as to why exactly that fusion doesn’t happen normally for some people subsequently causing the development of a unicornuate uterus.

You can now explore fertility wellness options tailored to your unique needs. Schedule a check-up with Banker IVF to assess your reproductive health and discuss potential strategies for achieving a successful pregnancy with a Unicornuate Uterus.


About the Creator

Banker IVF

Banker IVF is the best IVF hospital in Ahmedabad which provides a world class fertility treatments for men and women with high success rates.

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