Basing yourself on your aptitudes, tastes, interests and objectives is very important when choosing a profession, just as it is essential that you know what the main careers of the future are to know how easy (or difficult) it will be to get a job opportunity once you get a job. your professional title.
If you are looking for information about what the professions of the future are , in this guide you will know. In addition, we also mention which are the careers with the least demand and the probability of having good job opportunities in a couple of years. ✔
1. Environmental Engineering
It is no secret that environmental problems continue to rise and there are noble causes committed to eradicating them. To achieve this, it is necessary to have professionals trained in caring for the environment.
That is why Environmental Engineering is one of the careers with the greatest future, so if you are interested in everything related to ecological impact and would like to preserve natural resources, this is a good alternative for you.
The average salary of an environmental engineer is €46,000 💶 per year , and his occupational field is wide, but mainly you could work in places like :
- Government agencies.
- Mining companies.
- Construction companies.
- Energy companies.
- Waste control companies.
- Sanitary companies.
- Agriculture companies.
- Agribusiness companies.
With the technological boom that promises to continue growing, computer developers have become a key element in the implementation of new technologies because without them we would not be able to enjoy programs, applications and other computer software.
If you like the idea of specializing in software development, mobile phones, computers, applications, web design… Then consider this profession of the future.
In this job position you could earn an annual salary of €28,052 💶 , an amount that would increase as you gain experience in the field. As for the job opportunities of this professional career, you can work in places like :
- Agencies for the design and development of applications and computer programs.
- Government institutions.
- Private businesses.
You could also work as a freelancer , that is, you do not necessarily have to work under a dependency relationship, but you can do it independently.
Europe has about 300,000 vacancies in cybersecurity , according to the Internet University. And it is that as the use of technology grows, the chances of companies being victims of cyberattacks that can compromise their data increase.
For this reason, and taking into account that the trend is for the rise of technology to continue to rise, the cybersecurity profession is also one of the careers of the future that you could consider if this topic is of interest to you.
As a cybersecurity expert you could earn an annual salary between €30,000 and €60,000 💶 , and your occupational field would be in both the public and private sectors; since all companies, regardless of their activity, are prone to a cyberattack.
In any case, these are some types of companies where your work could be more requested :
- Financial entities.
- Technology companies.
- Telephone companies.
4. Robotic Engineering
Have you seen how robots are starting to take over some tasks performed by humans? Robotics has become an indispensable discipline today .
Therefore, it is also another of the good careers for the future that you can consider, especially if you are passionate about the development of drones, bots, mechanical arms, robots , etc.
As a professional in Robotics Engineering you can earn a salary of €25,000 💶 per year , and your occupational field would be very broad, since you could work in places like :
- Artificial intelligence companies
- Manufacturing companies.
- Digital systems consulting.
- Research centers.
Best of all, since it is one of the careers with the greatest demand in the future, you could access job offers abroad, if you want to build a career with international projection.
5. Marketing Digital
When it comes to dynamic professions originating from digital trends, digital marketing has become one of the most in-demand in the world.
Therefore, if you are interested in the design of digital strategies, this is one of the careers with the most future in the business industry. Job opportunities are spread across different sectors , so you won't be short of job offers because you can hold a position as a marketer in areas such as the following :
- Digital agencies.
- Advertising agencies.
- Private companies of different economic activities.
- Government institutions.
However, you can also work as a digital marketing advisor and consultant, if you prefer to practice your profession independently and without a dependent relationship.
As a marketer specialist you can earn from €20,000 to €60,000 💶 per year . Without a doubt, this is one of the most demanded and most lucrative careers on the market.
6. Genetic Engineering
Currently, there are chronic diseases for which a cure has not yet been discovered, unfortunately, such as diabetes, cancer, congenital disorders, etc.
Genetic Engineering is the discipline that has been in charge of studying the causes of these (and other) pathologies in search of a definitive treatment. It is for this reason that it is one of the careers of the future with the greatest demand due to its relevance in society .
As a genetic engineer you could receive an annual salary between €35,000 and €70,000 💶 ; however, it may be higher depending on your specialization and experience. Regarding job opportunities, you can work in the public and private sector in places like :
- Genetic service institutions.
- Universities, educational centers…
- Food companies.
- Environmental consulting companies.
7. Mental health
Both psychologists, psychiatrists and therapists are considered essential professional profiles in a society . Therefore, it was not for less that they occupied a position in this top of the careers of the future, like other branches of medicine.
Considering that the mental health sector is large and is made up of various experts in social, psychological and emotional well-being, salaries can vary . However, these are the main :
- As a psychologist you could earn a salary between € 18,000 to €21,000 💶 a year .
- As a therapist you could earn a salary between € 17,000 to €24,000 💶 per year .
- As a psychiatrist you could receive a salary of up to € 74,200 💶 per year .
Regarding the occupational field , you can get jobs in both the public and private sectors in places like the following :
- Private practice.
- Hospital or clinic.
- Professor at an academic institution.
- Research centers.
- Private or public companies.
8. Human Resources
The human resources department is a fundamental pillar in a company, regardless of its size and economic activity. Therefore, it is also considered as one of the most demanded professions in the future.
Especially the position of the talent manager , who is the person in charge of training professionals to strengthen their skills and, in addition, manages the hiring of new collaborators and avoids constant personnel changes.
In this job you could receive an annual salary of up to €40,000 💶 as you gain professional experience, and considering that it is an essential department in any company, you will not be short of job offers.
In 2035, 26% of the Spanish population will be over 65 years old , according to the newspaper Cinco Días. It is for this reason that experts in geriatrics will also be highly demanded professionals in the future, especially by hospitals.
And it is that this type of patient requires more delicate care compared to the rest of the population because, in general, they suffer from pathologies that require special care. That is why their average salary is close to €30,000 💶 per year , although as a geriatrics assistant you could start with a salary between €11,000 and €14,000 💶 per year .
As a professional in this branch of medicine you can get a job in places like :
- Elder care center.
- Hospitals and clinics.
- Assistance centers.
- Home hospitalization companies.
- Geriatric residences.
- Even if you prefer, you can also provide private care at home .
Architecture is one of the professions that evolves the most due to technological changes, as it must adapt to the new needs of society. The creation of smart houses, for example, has become one of the great challenges of the modern architect, who must ensure the comfort of real estate buyers.
Many experts estimate that in a couple of years the development of smart homes could also become one of the careers of the future because technological automation is a strong trend in the real estate market.
As an architect, you could earn an annual salary of €26,000 to €30,000 💶 , and you can work in both private and public companies or also individually.
11. Data Science
The online world depends, for the most part, on data. For this reason, companies must measure and analyze the information generated by their operations to optimize their processes.
This is where Data Science is born and, with it, the Big Data analyst, the professional who collects and analyzes all the information coming from digital systems to provide companies with useful information that allows them to make decisions in favor of their objectives.
As a big data analyst you can earn an annual salary of €39,800 💶 , and you can work in both private companies and public institutions.
What are the least demanded careers?
Now that you know which careers will be most in demand in the future, it is also recommended that you know which are those professions with less demand.
With this we do not want to discourage you or influence your choice of university career, but rather inform you about which are the professions that register a lower number of registered in universities, without this implying that there are no job offers in that sector.
Among the main less demanded careers are the following :
- Hispanic Language and Literatures.
- Musical education.
- Geophysical Engineering.
- Fine arts.
- Conservation and restoration.
- International relations.
Tips for choosing one of the professions of the future
When choosing a university career, although it is important, you should not only consider the ease of getting a job or how much economic benefit it could represent for you. You should also take into account your interests, skills, tastes, purposes...
Because if you study a profession only thinking about its employability rate or salary, but that does not generate interest or attraction, you could end up leaving it or not practicing it when you get the degree. So before making a decision, take into account the following recommendations to choose one of these careers of the future :
- Make a list of the professions of the future that have most piqued your interest and investigate more about each one.
- Give relevance to the employment rate and salary, but not more than to your interests.
- If you are undecided and do not know what career you like, make a list with all your skills, passions, tastes and interests.
- Visualize yourself exercising that career that has aroused your interest to confirm if it is the profession you want.
- If you would like to practice your profession internationally, choose a career with a good start in the country where you want to work.
- Take your time before making a final decision, consult several options and stick with the one that you are passionate about.
- If you know professionals in the area you want to study, talk to them to learn more about the career.
Your professional success depends on a good choice of university career, so do not make hasty decisions or get carried away by the most attractive salary; Although it is an important factor, it is not the only one that you should consider.
Remember that what you study today is what you will practice tomorrow in the workplace, base yourself on this to make the best decision for your future. ✔