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How To Install and Use Docker on Ubuntu 22.04

In this step-by-step guide, you’ll install and use Docker Community Edition (CE) on Ubuntu 22.04

By SSD NodesPublished 2 months ago 6 min read

by Abdelhadi Dyouri

Docker is an open-source platform for developing, shipping, and running applications. It is designed to make it easier to create, deploy, and run applications by using containers. With Docker, developers can package their applications into standardized units called containers, which can then be run on any computer, regardless of the operating system or hardware.

Docker allows developers to quickly and easily deploy their applications in a consistent environment, without having to worry about the underlying infrastructure. Docker also provides a rich set of tools and services for managing and monitoring applications, as well as for building and sharing images with other developers. Docker is an essential tool for modern software development, and it is used by many of the world’s leading companies.


Basic knowledge of the Linux command line.

An Ubuntu 22.04 server with a non-root user with sudo privileges. You can get affordable, and powerful Ubuntu servers from our website, and you can check out our How to access your server using SSH guide to learn how to access your server and create a sudo user.

Updating the Package Cache and Required Packages

Start by updating the packages in the package manager cache to the latest available versions using the following command:

sudo apt update

Next install a few packages that will allow us to use apt with HTTPS in order to add the official docker repository and get the latest version of Docker. To do this, run the following command:

sudo apt -y install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl software-properties-common

Installing Docker

We will use the official Docker repository to install the latest version of Docker.

First, add the GPG key for the official Docker repository to your system:

curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg

Next add the official Docker repository to your APT sources:

echo "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null

Update your package index:

sudo apt update

Now, with the repository added, install the docker-ce package, which is the Docker Community Edition package:

sudo apt install docker-ce

Once the installation finishes, check that Docker is running:

sudo systemctl status docker

You should receive output indicating that Docker is active and running, similar to the following:

●docker.service - Docker Application Container Engine

  • Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/docker.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
  • Active: active (running) since Sun 2022-12-18 13:50:49 UTC; 32s ago
  • TriggeredBy: ● docker.socket
  • Docs:
  • Main PID: 323716 (dockerd)
  • Tasks: 9
  • Memory: 24.4M
  • CPU: 429ms
  • CGroup: /system.slice/docker.service

└─323716 /usr/bin/dockerd -H fd:// --containerd=/run/containerd/containerd.sock

Using Docker

With docker installed, you can now use it to manage Docker images.

To see all available docker subcommands, run the following command:


You should receive a list of docker subcommands and a brief description for each one.

You can use the syntax docker COMMAND --help to get more information on a specific subcommand. For example, to get more information on the docker rm command, you can use the --help flag as follows:

docker rm --help

You should receive output similar to the following:


Remove one or more containers


-f, --force Force the removal of a running container (uses SIGKILL)

-l, --link Remove the specified link

-v, --volumes Remove anonymous volumes associated with the container

To view general information on your Docker installation, use docker info like so:

sudo docker info

This will show you information on your Docker configuration and server properties.

Downloading a Docker Image from Docker Hub

Docker Hub is a cloud-based service that provides a centralized repository for Docker images. It allows users to store, manage, and share Docker images with other users. It provides a secure and reliable way to share and store Docker images, which can be used to create and deploy applications. Docker Hub also provides a wide range of services, such as private repositories, automated builds, and integration with other services.

To test whether you can access Docker Hub, run the hello-world image:

sudo docker run hello-world

You should receive an output that shows that your installation is working correctly:

Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally

latest: Pulling from library/hello-world

2db29710123e: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:c77be1d3a47d0caf71a82dd893ee61ce01f32fc758031a6ec4cf1389248bb833

Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest

Hello from Docker!

This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

You can use the docker search command to search for images hosted on Docker Hub like so:

sudo docker search ubuntu

Here, you search for the Ubuntu image. You should see a list of results like so:


ubuntu Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating sys… 15357 [OK]

websphere-liberty WebSphere Liberty multi-architecture images [OK]

ubuntu-upstart DEPRECATED, as is Upstart (find other proces [OK]

neurodebian NeuroDebian provides neuroscience research [OK]

ubuntu/nginx Nginx, a high-performance reverse proxy & we

Images that are officially maintained and supported are labeled as [OK] under the OFFICIAL column.

In the results above, you see that ubuntu is the name of the official Ubuntu image. You can download it using the docker pull command like so:

sudo docker pull ubuntu

You should receive the following output:

Using default tag: latest

latest: Pulling from library/ubuntu

6e3729cf69e0: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:27cb6e6ccef575a4698b66f5de06c7ecd61589132d5a91d098f7f3f9285415a9

Status: Downloaded newer image for ubuntu:latest

You can list the images you’ve downloaded so far using the following command:

sudo docker images

You should see ubuntu and hello-world like so:


ubuntu latest 6b7dfa7e8fdb 9 days ago 77.8MB

hello-world latest feb5d9fea6a5 15 months ago 13.3kB

The reason the image hello-world was downloaded, is that the docker run command either runs a container using an image if it has been downloaded, or downloads the image and then runs a container using it.

Running a Docker Container

Docker containers can be run to perform a task in an isolated environment, just like running the hello-world container performs the task of printing a message. However, containers can also be interactive.

For example, you can run a container using the Ubuntu image you’ve downloaded previously with an interactive shell using the docker run and the -it switches:

sudo docker run -it ubuntu

Your prompt should now be a root shell like so:

[email protected]:/#

This is the root user of your Ubuntu container, and you can now manage it just like a virtual machine.

With this shell prompt, you can run any command inside your Ubuntu container. For example, you can update the package index inside the container using apt update like so:

[email protected]:/# apt update

And you can also install any application or package using apt install. For example, you can install Python 3 like so:

[email protected]:/# apt install python3

Once the installation finishes, you can run python like so:

[email protected]:/# python3

This should allow you to access the Python REPL inside your Ubuntu container:

Python 3.10.6 (main, Nov 14 2022, 16:10:14) [GCC 11.3.0] on linux

Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.


With this, you can run programs and modify your container in an environment that is isolated from the rest of your server.


You now have Docker installed on your system, and you’ve learned how to search for Docker images in the official Docker Hub, how to download an image, and how to use it for a container. You then learned how to run the container’s shell and how to manage its packages and how to install programs on it.

Check out the Docker guides for more information on Docker.


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