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Pandya dynasty

History of the Pandya

By chandruPublished 8 months ago 3 min read

History of the Pandya dynasty

The Pandyas were one of the three ancient Tamil dynasties, along with the Cholas and the Cheras, who dominated the southern part of India. They were known for their wealth, prosperity, and maritime trade. The Pandyas were also patrons of the arts and culture, and contributed greatly to the development of Dravidian architecture, music, and dance. The kingdom saw several ups and downs in terms of power and stability, but the Pandya dynasty continued to rule for several centuries, until the arrival of the British in the 19th century.

They ruled from their capital city of Madurai and were known for their patronage of literature, art, and architecture. The Pandyas also traded extensively with Roman and Southeast Asian kingdoms, leading to the prosperity of their kingdom. However, they faced several challenges, including invasions by the Kalabhras, Cholas, and later the Muslim sultanates. Despite these challenges, the Pandyas continued to rule until the arrival of the British in India, after which they became a princely state.

Religion and culture during Pandya rule

They were known for their religious tolerance and supported the growth of various religions and sects, including Buddhism, Jainism, and Shaivism. The Pandyas were also patrons of the arts, and their reign saw the development of the Tamil language and its literature, as well as the growth of music, dance, and temple architecture. The Meenakshi Temple in Madurai, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Parvati, is a notable example of the Pandyan architectural style. Additionally, the Pandyas were known for their maritime trade and their kingdom was an important center for the trade of spices, textiles, and precious stones. Overall, the Pandya dynasty played a significant role in shaping the cultural and religious identity of South India.

Trade and commerce under the Pandya dynasty

The Pandya kingdom was a major center of trade and commerce, with maritime trade links to the Roman Empire and Southeast Asia.The Pandya dynasty was known for its thriving trade and commerce, and it established maritime trade links with the Roman Empire, Southeast Asia, and other countries. The Pandyas controlled the southern part of the Tamil Nadu region, which was located along the Indian Ocean and served as an important center for maritime trade. The Pandyas also encouraged trade by building ports and promoting commerce, which helped to bring wealth and prosperity to their kingdom.

Architecture and art during Pandya rule

The Pandya dynasty saw the construction of several monumental structures, including temples, palaces, and dams, and the development of classical Tamil literature and the fine arts.The Pandya dynasty was known for its contributions to architecture and the arts. During their reign, several monumental structures were built, including temples, palaces, and dams. The Pandyas also supported the development of classical Tamil literature and the fine arts, including music, dance, and sculpture. This period saw the creation of many works of art and architecture that remain famous to this day, such as the Meenakshi Temple in Madurai and the Kallanai Dam near Tiruchirappalli. These structures and artworks are important examples of South Indian architecture and culture and continue to be studied and admired today.

Decline and fall of the Pandya dynasty

The Pandya dynasty gradually declined and lost power to the Chola dynasty and later the Vijayanagara Empire, and finally became a vassal state of the Portuguese in the 16th century.The Pandya dynasty gradually declined and lost power over the course of several centuries. The Chola dynasty emerged as a major power in South India and gradually overshadowed the Pandyas. Later, the Vijayanagara Empire rose to prominence and conquered the Pandya kingdom. Finally, in the 16th century, the Pandya kingdom became a vassal state of the Portuguese, who established their control over the region as part of their colonization of India. The decline and fall of the Pandya dynasty marked the end of an era in South Indian history, but their legacy lives on in the form of their monuments, art, and literature.

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