After the French Revolution erupted in 1789,
Europe became thrown into chaos.
Neighboring countries' monarchs feared they might percentage the fate of Louis XVI,
and attacked the new Republic,
while at home, extremism and mistrust among factions lead to bloodshed.
inside the midst of all this war,
a powerful discern emerged to take charge of France.
but did he keep the revolution or ruin it?
"Order, order, who's the defendant today? I don't see anybody."
"Your Honor, this is Napoléon Bonaparte,
the tyrant who invaded almost all of Europe
to atone for his non-public stature-based insecurities."
"surely, Napoléon become at the least average top for his time.
The idea that he turned into brief comes best from British wartime propaganda.
And he was no tyrant.
He became safeguarding the young Republic from being overwhelmed
by means of the european monarchies."
"by overthrowing its authorities and seizing electricity himself?"
"Your Honor, as a younger and a hit army officer,
Napoléon absolutely supported the French Revolution,
and its beliefs of liberty, equality, and fraternity.
however the revolutionaries were incapable of actual leadership.
Robespierre and the Jacobins who first came to energy
unleashed a reign of terror at the populace,
with their anti-Catholic extremism
and nonstop executions of anybody who disagreed with them.
And The listing that changed them changed into an risky and incompetent oligarchy.
They wanted a robust chief who could govern wisely and justly."
"So, France went via that entire revolution
simply to end up with some other all-powerful ruler?"
"now not pretty.
Napoléon's new powers were derived from the constitution
that turned into authorized via a popular vote inside the Consulate."
"Ha! The constitution turned into nearly dictated at gunpoint in a navy coup,
and the public only accepted the tyrant
due to the fact they have been tired of consistent civil conflict."
"Be that as it could,
Napoléon delivered a brand new charter and a criminal code
that kept some of the most crucial achievements of the revolution in tact:
freedom of faith
abolition of hereditary privilege,
and equality before the law for all guys."
"All guys, certainly.
He deprived women of the rights that the revolution had given them
or even reinstated slavery inside the French colonies.
Haiti is still improving from the consequences centuries later.
What sort of equality is that?"
"The only kind that might be stably maintained on the time,
and still far ahead of France's pals."
"speaking of pals, what turned into with all of the invasions?"
"first-rate query, Your Honor."
"Which invasions are we talking about?
It was the neighboring empires who had invaded France
seeking to repair the monarchy,
and save you the unfold of liberty throughout Europe,
two times by the point Napoléon took fee.
Having defended France as a soldier and a trendy in those wars,
he knew that the first-rate protection is a good offense."
"An offense in opposition to the complete continent?
Peace changed into secured with the aid of 1802,
and different ecu powers recognized the new French Regime.
however Bonaparte couldn't rest except he had manage of the entire continent,
and all he knew was fighting.
He attempted to put in force a eu-wide blockade of britain,
invaded any us of a that didn't comply,
and launched more wars to keep onto his profits.
And what changed into the end result?
millions dead all over the continent,
and the entire global order shattered."
"You forgot the alternative result:
the unfold of democratic and liberal ideals across Europe.
It was thanks to Napoléon that the continent turned into reshaped
from a chaotic patchwork of fragmented feudal and religious territories
into efficient, modern-day, and secular kingdom states
in which the humans held greater energy and rights than ever before."
"have to we also thank him for the upward thrust of nationalism
and the massive increase in military sizes?
you can see how well that became out a century later."
"So what might eu history have been like if it weren't for Napoléon?"
Napoléon apparently unstoppable momentum might die within the Russian iciness snows,
in conjunction with most of his military.
but even after being deposed and exiled,
he refused to give up,
escaping from his jail and launching a formidable try at restoring his empire
earlier than being defeated for the second and very last time.
Bonaparte turned into a ruler complete of contradictions,
defending a popular revolution by way of imposing absolute dictatorship,
and spreading liberal beliefs through imperial wars,
and although he in no way finished his dream of conquering Europe,
he certainly left his mark on it, for higher or for worse.