In July 1789, the French Revolution officially began. The French Revolution severely damaged the monarchy at that time, leading to a rapid development in France, forming the idea of democracy. So what were the effects of the French Revolution?
One of the reasons for the outbreak of the French Revolution was the oppression of the monarchy on the poor people, so that the people decided to revolt to overthrow the "cannibalistic" monarchy. The French Revolution lasted five years, but its impact was enormous. In terms of France, the influence of the French Revolution mainly includes the following aspects: First, the French people united together and promoted the development of the revolution; Second, the Great Revolution led to the collapse of the French monarchy, the formation of democratic ideas and the end of the feudal rule of France; Third, it was the first uprising in which the Revolution was the triumph of capitalism.
From the perspective of the world, the Influence of the French Revolution is mainly in the following aspects: First, it is the largest revolution in modern history, which lasted for five years; But the Great Revolution dealt a heavy blow to feudalism, which threatened the position of Feudalism in Europe. Third, the Revolution spread capitalist ideas in other European countries, which began to recognize the idea of capitalism; Fourth, the Revolution played a leading role in the revolutions of European countries, encouraging the working people of all countries. So this revolution had a very important impact on the world. The French Revolution was a manifestation of the resistance of the lower class against the oppression of the monarchy and the aristocracy, which also threatened the status of feudalism in France.
The Impact of the French Revolution was not only on France, but on the world, which dealt a blow to feudalism.
Why is the French Revolution called a Revolution
For the French Revolution may be more or less heard, but when it comes to why the French Revolution is called the Revolution, it may not be so clear, so the next is to sum up why the French Revolution is called the Revolution. The reasons why the French Revolution was called a Revolution can be summed up in four points.
The first point is that the Results of the French Revolution is very significant, it overthrew the rule of the Bourbon Dynasty, initially established to implement the republican system in France, severely hit the feudal monarchy in Europe. Secondly, its influence was profound. The French Revolution set a good example for people in other countries to revolt against autocratic monarchy. It cleared the way for the industrial Revolution and had a far-reaching impact on other countries, with epoch-making significance. The third point is that the French Revolution completely cleared away the autocratic power in France. It lasted 41 years. The Scale of the French Revolution was quite large, and the people actively participated in the revolution. Fourth, the French Revolution was the biggest revolution in French history. It was because most of the French people had been oppressed and persecuted for a long time that the French Revolution broke out.
The French Revolution is called a Revolution because of its scale, influence and depth. This revolution conforms to the public opinion, conforms to the development trend of The Times, so the people are eager to participate in, contribute their own strength, for the struggle for a happy and harmonious happy life. The "great" of the French Revolution is reflected in all aspects, with great scale, great influence and great results, so the French Revolution is called the Great Revolution.
The French Revolution is also a very famous and typical revolutionary movement in the world. Today we will talk about the nature of the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was a bourgeois revolution, and its revolutionary nature was, in the first place, so violent and swift in its scale that there was no time for reaction. Starting with the storming of the Bastille prison in Paris, the French people across the country received the signal that revolutionary resistance was rising rapidly across the country. Secondly, the French people showed that the power of the masses can not be ignored in the revolution. Whenever the revolution comes to a critical moment, it will promote the development of the revolution. Because of the aristocracy's oppression, the French people bear heavy taxes, but no political rights; Meanwhile, although the bourgeoisie earned a lot of money, they were also exploited by the aristocracy and had no political rights. It was because of this that the two sides were united and the revolution broke out. Third, the revolution will carry the struggle to the end. From the beginning of the revolution to its end, feudal rule in France was overthrown. In this struggle between the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie, both sides fought to the end until one of them disappeared. Because of the long-term oppression of the aristocracy, the resentment of the bourgeoisie being exploited for a long time, and before the French Revolution, the French people had experienced a relatively advanced ideological liberation movement, so the revolution was carried out thoroughly. The final result was the triumph of the bourgeoisie and the disappearance of the aristocracy. Finally, after the French Revolution, the whole European feudal system was shaken and dealt a heavy blow to other feudal forces in Europe. These four points are the nature of the French Revolution.
As we all know, the French Revolution is the most thorough, typical and influential revolutionary movement in the world. It can be said that the French Revolution was very successful, but why did the French Revolution have the greatest influence and the most thorough revolution? So what was the background of the French Revolution?
Before the Beginning of the French Revolution, conflicts between the aristocratic class, the religious class and the common class were already deepening. The aristocracy and high priests of the Catholic Church exploited the working people at the bottom of the society, and the increasing taxes made it impossible for the people to pay. However, French capitalism had developed very well at that time. At that time, The French economy, especially the weaving industry and the alchemy industry, had ranked first in Europe. Therefore, in good economic development, as the Background of the French Revolution made contributions to the French Revolution.
And in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there was a movement of thought and culture in Europe and America, that the universe could be controlled by reason. Because of this, the French people experienced a more thorough ideological liberation, so that the French people's thoughts more mature, in the revolutionary period has no longer under the banner of religion; It is a revolution that uses freedom and democracy as the cause of its struggle. It was deeply influenced by Montesquieu in the early eighteenth century who argued that the constitution of the new Republic should be based on reason, and provided revolutionary ideas of freedom.
It is precisely because of the sharp class contradictions, relatively strong economic foundation and the increasingly mature ideology due to the ideological enlightenment that the French Revolution has become the most thorough, typical and influential revolutionary movement in the world.
When it comes to France, the words of romance, luxuriance and fashion will naturally appear in people's minds. Even France, which represents romance and freedom now, has experienced numerous revolutions and blood. Today we are going to talk about the reasons for the famous French Revolution in French history.
The French Revolution was a century and a half later than its arch-rival, the English Revolution, which had already completed the bourgeois revolution and started the industrial Revolution while France was still under the feudal dictatorship. Under feudal despotism, under monarchy almost all the countries in the world were in the same situation, and France was in the same situation. The upper class had fewer nobles but owned most of the land, money, and slaves. They don't have to pay taxes, they just sit on the gravy train. The lower class, as many as ninety-nine percent, though in the majority, made up one third of France. They were also heavily taxed and exploited by the ruling class. That was one of the causes of the French Revolution, exploitation by the ruling class.
The second is the conflict between capitalism and the ruling class, in the second half of the eighteenth century; France's capitalist class has begun to develop rapidly, including textile industry, alchemist also ranked first in The European continent. But despite the rapid growth of the capitalist economy, the ruling class held back the growth of capitalism, raising taxes and maintaining land ownership through checkpoints throughout the country. The last and most important reason for the Rest of the French Revolution was the deepening financial crisis, the decay of the feudal ruling class; Losing foreign wars, he began to get into debt and was on the verge of bankruptcy. And so the exploitation of the people at the bottom increases, so that the people at the bottom can't afford the heavy taxes.
The process and result of the French Revolution is also a typical example in the history of the world, and after the French Revolution, it had a great influence on the whole Europe. And today we're going to talk about the French Revolution.
On July 14, 1789, the Bastille prison was seized by the French people, who could not bear the greed of the authorities. At the end of the eighteenth century, the Bastille became a prison for political prisoners; It symbolizes the high rank of France and represents the oppression of the aristocracy over the common people. The storming of the Bastille was the beginning of the French Revolution. The storming of the Bastille seemed to be a signal that the people of all parts of France picked up their weapons and rebelled. Later, on August 26 of the same year, the Declaration of Human Rights and Civil Rights was issued. It took the Declaration of Independence of the United States as a model, declaring that freedom, property and resistance are human gifts and human rights that can not be deprived.
On September 22, 1792, the First French Republic was founded. It was also the first bourgeois republic in French history. Then, in 1793, King Louis XVI fell. Louis XVI became the only King in French history to be executed, and the guillotine where Louis XVI was executed was designed to execute criminals quickly. Later in the reign of Robespierre it was the culmination of the French Revolution, but then it went into decline. Finally, Robespierre was guillotined in the coup d 'etat, which we call thermidor, and the spectacular French Revolution came to an end.