Could the Anunnaki be our ancient ancestors?
Will Nibiru affect our planet's future?
In high school we studied the solar system briefly in physics, the Bible in religious studies and had lessons in languages such as Latin, French and my country’s own native tongue, Welsh.
I was OK at physics and religious studies, but really poor at the languages, so would have had no chance with ancient Sumerian and the cuneiform inscriptions and excavated tablets their civilisation left behind.
When I studied the solar system its planets numbered nine, with Pluto the furthest from our sun. But with Pluto demoted to a dwarf planet following the discovery of Eris, the solar system now numbers eight, plus two dwarves.
And in religious studies no mention was ever made of the ancient Sumerians, so it’s safe to say my knowledge of the Anunnaki, the gods of Sumer, was virtually non-existent until a coronavirus closed down society at the start of the year.
Documentaries on TV proved a welcome escape from the boredom of life in lockdown and my interest in the Anunnaki grew… my conclusion, why were we told so little about the Sumer culture in high school?
My limited grasp of languages other than English means I have to rely on the translations of Russian-American author Zecharia Sitchin for my understanding of the Sumerian culture and the Anunnaki, who they referred to as gods.
According to Sitchin and the interpretations of other scholars, the Sumer formed our planet’s earliest known civilisation in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia (now southern Iraq).
Their society emerged during the Chalcolithic and early Bronze Ages between the sixth and fifth millennium BC. Living along the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, Sumerian farmers grew an abundance of grain and other crops, the surplus from which enabled them to form urban settlements. Their earliest texts are believed to date to between 3,500 and 3,000 BC and come from the excavated remains of the cities of Uruk and Jemdet Nasr in central Iraq.
The people worshipped a set of giant deities known as the Anunnaki. In their earliest texts these gods are the most powerful and important in the Sumerian pantheon... the descendants of the sky-god Anu.
They were thought to possess extraordinary powers and were of tremendous physical size. They were frequently depicted wearing horned caps, consisting of up to seven superimposed pairs of ox horns, and were also sometimes adorned with elaborate decorative gold and silver ornaments.
Although certain deities are described as members of the Anunnaki, no complete list of names has survived but scholars identify a group of “seven gods who decree” that include Anu, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Nanna, Utu and Inanna.
Now according to Sitchin's interpretation of Mesopotamian iconography and symbolism, outlined in his 1976 book “The 12th Planet” and its sequels, there is an undiscovered planet beyond Neptune that follows a long, elliptical orbit, reaching the inner solar system roughly every 3,600 years that is home to the Anunnaki, a race of extraterrestrials whose arrival on earth dates back much further than the dawn of ancient Sumerian civilisation.
Sitchin and many other researchers believe the Anunnaki first arrived on this planet some 440,000 years ago to mine gold, a crucial resource to repair their planet’s atmosphere following nuclear war.
Their home planet, called Nibiru, is set apart from other known planets in our solar system in that it is believed to orbit the sun in the opposite direction.
According to the definitions of most theorists, Nibiru is a red or brown dwarf star that carries along with it seven planets orbiting around each other… making it a mini solar system in its own right. Approximately five times the size of Jupiter, it would make it 6,500 times larger than earth.
As the story goes, the Anunnaki, led by Anu’s son Enki, arrived in the Persian Gulf 440,000 years ago and established Eridu (Earth Station I) for the extraction of gold.
About 415,000 BC gold mining in the region waned and production switched to South Africa, where vast deposits had been identified west of the port of Maputo. At about this time in their history Anu arrived on earth with his heir apparent Enlil, who took command of the earth mission, with Enki packed off to supervise the mining.
By 400,000 BC seven functional settlements existed in southern Mesopotamia, including a spaceport (Sippar), mission control centre (Nippur) and a metallurgical centre (Shuruppak).
Ore arrived by ships from Africa and the refined metal was delivered to orbiters manned by Igigi, lesser gods, and then transferred to spaceships arriving periodically from Nibiru.
In 2005 archaeologists discovered the remains of a vast metropolis about 150km west of Maputo that measures, according to initial surveys, a staggering 1,500 square kilometres. But this ancient city is, according to many researchers, part of an even bigger complex that covers an area of 10,000 square kilometres.
According to Sitchin, the first Anunnaki extraterrestrial to arrive on earth was their former ruler Alalu, who fled his home planet and found refuge here. He first discovered the existence of gold and the information got back back to Anu.
About 380,000 BC Alalu’s grandson attempted to seize power on earth with the help of the Igigi, who worked the mines for the Anunnaki, but Enlil’s forces prevailed in the “War of the Olden Gods” and retained control of gold production.
By now it must be obvious that these extraterrestrials appear to have far greater lifespans than we do today, seemingly living for tens of thousands of years or longer.
The next important date in their involvement on earth happened about 300,000 BC when the Igigi working in the gold mines mutinied. The revolt was put down by Enki and his partner Ninhursag, the party’s chief medical officer, who replaced the Igigi with a race of genetically-engineered primitive workers descended from an ape woman.
Rivalry between Enki and Enlil was strong and the latter raided the mines in South Africa, taking slave workers to Edin in Mesopotamia, a centre for clay excavation.
Not originally engineered to procreate, increased demand for workers resulted in further engineering to produce offspring and “Homo Sapiens” began to multiply.
From 200,000 BC the earth faced a new glacial period and it was not until 100,000 BC that the climate warmed again, when to Enlil's growing annoyance, the Anunnaki had started breeding with “mankind”.
About 75,000 BC a new Ice Age began, with regressive forms of mankind roaming the earth, one of the period’s survivors was Cro-Magnon man.
The next stage in mankind’s development came about around 50,000 BC when Enki and Ninhursag elevated humans of Anunnaki parentage to rule in Shuruppak.
This is said to have enraged Enlil, who began to plot mankind’s demise around 13,000 BC. He was aware Nibiru’s proximity to earth would trigger an immense tsunami in about 11,000 BC, which he made the Anunnaki swear to keep secret from mankind.
But according to the legends Enki broke this oath and instructed Noah, possibly an Anunnaki-human hybrid, to build a craft to survive the deluge, which the Anunnaki witnessed from their orbiting spacecraft.
In the aftermath Enlil agreed to grant what was left of mankind implements and seeds to begin agriculture in the highlands, with Enki domesticating livestock saved from the flood.
By 10,500 BC the descendants of Noah were allotted three regions, with Ninurta, Enlil's foremost son, damming the mountains and draining the rivers to make Mesopotamia habitable.
Enki reclaimed the Nile Valley; while the Sinai peninsula was retained by the Anunnaki for a spaceport and a control centre established on Mount Moriah (the future Jerusalem).
From this period on the dates become a little more exact and in 9,780 BC Ra, Enki's firstborn son, divided dominion over Egypt between Osiris and Seth, before Seth dismembered Osiris in 9,330 BC to seize control of the Nile Valley.
Bitter fighting between dynasties is then believed to have resulted in two Pyramid Wars, before peace was negotiated by Ninhursag, a half-sister to Enki and Enlil.
By 7,400 BC, with peace still prevailing, the Anunnaki granted mankind further advances and the Neolithic period began, with demi-gods ruling over Egypt.
Around 3,800 BC urban civilisation began in Sumer as the Anunnaki re-established the “olden cities”, beginning with Eridu and Nippur.
Anu returned to Earth for a “ceremonial” visit and a new city, Uruk, was built in his honour, his temple becoming the abode of his beloved granddaughter Inanna.
But peace in the region was shortlived and 2,000 years before the story of Jesus began, the Anunnaki unleashed nuclear weapons to bring an end to conflict, with winds carrying radioactive clouds to Sumer.
People died a terrible death, animals perished and the water was poisoned. The soil became barren and the great Sumerian civilisation died. But that wasn’t the end of the story.
Sitchin suggests there were two separate Anunnaki departures from earth. The first, involving mainly the Enlilites, came immediately after their defeat by Ra in the second Pyramid War, about 8,670 BC.
The second more comprehensive departure of both the Enlilites and Enkiites occurred after the fall of Babylon in about 539 BC.
Following the destruction of their Sinai spaceport facility in the second Pyramid War, Sitchin suggests remaining facilities in Meso-America, in particular Nazca and Teotihuacan, were used by the Anunnaki to depart first for Mars, and then Nibiru.
The question left for mankind is: will they return? Over the last decade there has been much speculation about Nibiru’s orbit and when its gravitational pull could next exert extreme effects on our planet.
Some theorists had put forward May 2018 as a candidate but quick calculations, based on a 3,600-year orbit and the suggested time of the flood, would put Nibiru’s crossing closer to the end of this century.
Perhaps that is when we’ll find out whether the Sumerians knew more about our solar system than us, or is it what all this fuss in 2020 is about? Are we being prepared for the sight of Nibiru in the night sky and the potential calamities it could mean for our planet? Was there more to Operation Desert Shield in 1990 and the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003 than has been let on? George Bush would have been the man to ask about that!