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By 012- M.GayathriPublished 5 months ago 3 min read
Tom and Jerry

William Hanna and Joseph Barbera established the American animated media phenomenon Tom and Jerry in 1940, along with a series of comedic short films.

Best known for its 161 theatrical short films by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the series centers on the rivalry between the titular characters of a cat named Tom and a mouse named Jerry.

Multiple recurring characters can also be found in many shorts.

Hanna and Barbera created 114 Tom and Jerry shorts for MGM during the series' initial run, which ran from 1940 to 1958.

They tied Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies for first place in the category with seven Academy Awards for Best Animated Short Film won during this time.

Following the 1957 closure of the MGM animation studio, the series was resurrected by MGM, directed by Gene Deitch.

In the series, a mouse named Jerry and a house cat named Tom engage in comedic battles against one other.

Every short film usually revolves around Tom's multiple attempts to apprehend Jerry and the chaos and devastation that ensues.

It's uncommon that Tom manages to capture Jerry, mostly due to Jerry's intelligence, slyness, and good fortune.

On other instances, though, they have shown sincere camaraderie and concern for one another's welfare.

In other instances, the two put aside their antagonism to work toward a shared objective.

For example, in the shorts Busy Buddies and Tot Watchers, respectively, Tom and Jerry pursue a baby that has escaped the care of a careless babysitter in order to keep it safe.

Principal articles Jerry Mouse and Tom Cat

Tom is a domestic shorthair cat with gray and white markings that went by "Jasper" in his first appearance. ("Tom" is a colloquial term for a feline.)

He is typically, though not always, shown as leading a nice, or even pampered, existence, in contrast to Jerry, a little brown house mouse who always lives close to Tom and whose name is not stated directly in his first appearance.

Tom is not as smart as Jerry, even though he is more bigger, more driven, and more animated.

Not only that, but Jerry is surprisingly strong for his size—roughly Tom's strength—lifting anvils and other heavy objects with reasonable ease and absorbing significant blows.

Cats usually chase mice in order to consume them, however it is quite uncommon.

In 19th-century London, England, young men who indulged in drinking, gambling, and wild living were often referred to as "Tom and Jerry".

The phrase first appeared in Pierce Egan's Life in London; or, The Day and Night Scenes of Jerry Hawthorn, Esq., and his exquisite friend, Corinthian Tom (1821), a sports journalist from Britain who also wrote other reports that were collected as Boxiana.

However Brewer notices no more than a "unconscious" echo of the Regency era (and consequently Georgian era) original in the naming of the cartoon.

Period of Hanna-Barbera (1940–1958)

Storyman and animator Joseph Barbera started at MGM, the biggest studio in Hollywood at the time, in August 1937.

He discovered that co-owner Louis B. Mayer wanted to improve the animation division by fostering the growth of the artists.

Comic books:

In 1942, Tom and Jerry made their comic book debut as a feature in Dell Comics' Our Gang Comics.

The show was renamed Tom and Jerry Comics in 1949 after MGM's live-action Our Gang shorts had stopped production five years earlier.

Before being transferred to Western Publishing, that title ran for 212 issues with Dell.

It continued there until issue in 1984.

The remainder of the 20th century saw Tom and Jerry continue to make appearances in other comic books.

Norway, Germany, Sweden, the UK, the Netherlands, and Australia were among the countries where Tom and Jerry comics had great popularity.

Since 1986, Spanish artist Oscar Martin has been creating a licensed European version of his work.


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