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What is MS-SQL? Similarities and Differences between Microsoft SQL and Microsoft SQL Server

In summary, Microsoft SQL is a powerful and feature-packed database management system that has gained widespread popularity for many uses, from simple projects to massive enterprise solutions.

By Manoj KumarPublished 3 months ago 4 min read


MS-SQL(Microsoft-Structured Query Language) is a standard programming language to access and manipulate data in a relational database. A Relational Database Management System(RDBMS) is a store having a bulk of information representing different data attributes and various relations between these data. MS-SQL is a robust platform to manage, store, and retrieve data from the database in a structured and organised manner.

The most distinct characteristics of MS-SQL (Microsoft SQL Server)

MS-SQL is a relational database management system that operates through data organisation within tables having rows and columns based on the laws of relations database.

Microsoft Ecosystem It is a part of the Microsoft ecosystem and easily integrates with other Microsoft technologies, thereby becoming more appealing for organisations that use various technologies offered by Microsoft.

Scalability – SQL Server is considered scalable because it involves both small-scale applications and large enterprise-level solutions.

Security – MS-SQL offers robust security features such as authentication, authorization, encryption, and auditing functions that ensure the protection of private data.

Support Services – SQL Server includes other services e.g. SSIS for ETL, SSAS OLAP, and data mining and SSRS reporting functionality.

It comes in several versions such as Express, Standard, and Enterprise that provide a solution suiting different needs and budgets.

Query Optimization – This involves a query optimizer that reduces the speed of SQL queries hence efficient data retrieval, and processing.

The In-Memory processing ability of the SQL Server can be used to enhance transactional workload performance.

MS SQL vs MS SQL Server

Similarities between Microsoft SQL and Microsoft SQL Server learn SQL basics

MySQL and MSSQL Server share some similarities like they both are used for relational databases.

Uncovering the major similarities

Tables – MySQL and MSSQL adopt the table model, which is widely known as column-and-row-based storage for data situated in relational databases.

Quality Performance – Because databases ensure fast data retrieval and storage, they are the backbone of your applications. Luckily, MySQL and MSSQL Server have an outstanding performance speed.

Keys – Both MySQL and MSSQL use primary and foreign keys to form relationships between tables.

Online Success and Popularity – Regarding running web applications MySQL and MSSQL Server are the most widespread databases (except Oracle). MySQL vs MSSQL will usually be your choice when you register for a hosting service.

Convenient Scalability – Both MySQL and MSSQL can help your business scale as it keeps expanding in time. Projects of any size can use them, which can handle millions of daily transactions.

Syntax – The syntax of both platforms is somewhat alike while there are some minor differences across CRUD statements.

Drivers – Virtual connection drivers for almost any popular language are available online, which is not difficult. Consequently, you can easily connect MySQL and MSSQL without engaging in intricate coding.

Differences between Microsoft SQL and Microsoft SQL Server

MS SQL is an open-source RDBMS known for cross-platform compatibility and cost-effectiveness. An MS SQL server is a commercial RDBMS designed to offer advanced features and tight integration with Microsoft technologies for the Windows platform.

Detailed difference between Microsoft SQL and Microsoft SQL Server

Licensing and Pricing – MySQL is a free, open-source database while MS SQL Server is a proprietary software with several licensing options to use.

Platform Support – While MS SQL Server can be implemented only in the Windows environment and is platform-dependent, MySQL is easy to run on different platforms.

Security Features – While MS SQL Server has improved security functions including row-level and data encryption, MySQL offers only basic security functions apart from some third-party extensions.

Language and Syntax – MySQL uses a more conventional SQL language, while MS SQL Server uses Transact-SQL (T-SQL), which is an extended version of the language with additional features.

Full-Text Search – While the MS SQL server has full-text search support built-in, MySQL provides the same for the MyISAM storage engine with limited support on InnoDB.

If you are willing to learn more about MS-SQL, I can suggest Henry Harvin as the best institute to go ahead. This is the top-ranked highly valued educational firm offering multiple opportunities to learn SQL and uphold your career.


In summary, Microsoft SQL is a powerful and feature-packed database management system that has gained widespread popularity for many uses, from simple projects to massive enterprise solutions. Integration with Microsoft technologies, powerful security capabilities, and scalability support are the main pros of this solution. These features make it highly popular across database management solutions.


Ques 1. In what way does MS-SQL work?

Ans. Relational databases are managed and manipulated by using Structured Query Language (SQL). Databases are constructed, edited, and accessed using it, allowing users to query data, insert, and update it by using SQL.

Ques 2. State some important characteristics of MS-SQL.

Ans. Some of the major characteristics of MS-SQL are data-dependent association, scalability, safety components, Integration Services (SSIS), Analysis Services (SSAS) reporting services (SSRS), query optimization, and in-memory computation.

Ques 3. Is data safety guaranteed by MS SQL?

Ans. MS-SQL provides data security through features like authentication, authorization, encryption, and auditing. It offers measures to regulate access to databases, secure data in transit and storage, and track and monitor database activities.

Ques 4. State characteristics of MS-SQL Server.

Ans. Features like Groups, database mirroring, and fail-over clustering are offered by SQL Server to have a high availability of data and minimise downtime.

Ques 5. What does an MS-SQL server do on concurrency and locking?

Ans. Concurrency management in MS-SQL Server is through a synergy between locking mechanisms, isolation levels, and transaction control. It guarantees that various transactions will run in parallel without resulting in data inconsistencies.


About the Creator

Manoj Kumar

I am a content writer with expertise in creating engaging and informative written materials. With several years of experience in the field.

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