Here are 20 ReactJS interview questions along with their answers:
1. What is ReactJS?
2. What are the advantages of using ReactJS?
Some advantages of using ReactJS include:
Virtual DOM for efficient rendering and updates.
Component-based architecture for reusability and maintainability.
One-way data flow for predictable state management.
Rich ecosystem with a large number of libraries and community support.
3.What is JSX?
4. What is a component in ReactJS?
A component in ReactJS is a reusable and independent piece of UI that encapsulates the logic and presentation of a specific part of the user interface. Components can be composed together to build complex UIs.
5. What is the difference between functional and class components in ReactJS?
6. What are hooks in ReactJS?
Hooks are functions introduced in React 16.8 that allow developers to use state and other React features in functional components. They provide a way to reuse stateful logic between components.
7. Explain the concept of state in ReactJS.
State is an object that holds data specific to a component. It represents the mutable part of the component’s data and can be updated using the setState() method. When state changes, React re-renders the component to reflect the new state.
8. What is the significance of keys in ReactJS lists?
Keys are used in ReactJS lists to help identify each item in the list uniquely. They improve performance and help React efficiently update and reorder the list when needed.
9. What is the purpose of the useEffect hook?
The useEffect hook is used to perform side effects in functional components. It allows you to manage lifecycle events, such as fetching data, subscribing to events, or manually manipulating the DOM.
10. What is the difference between controlled and uncontrolled components?
Controlled components are those in which the component’s state is controlled by React. The component receives its current value via props and notifies changes using callback functions. Uncontrolled components, on the other hand, manage their own state internally using refs and are controlled by the DOM.
11. What is the role of the setState() method?
The setState() method is used to update the state of a component. It takes an object or a function as an argument and schedules a re-render of the component with the updated state.
12. What are the lifecycle methods in ReactJS?
Lifecycle methods are special methods provided by React that allow you to hook into different stages of a component’s life. Some commonly used lifecycle methods include componentDidMount(), componentDidUpdate(), and componentWillUnmount().
13. What is the significance of the render() method in ReactJS?
The render() method is a required method in React components. It returns the JSX representation of the component’s UI. It is responsible for rendering the component and its children.
14. What is the purpose of React Router?
React Router is a popular library used for routing in React applications. It allows developers to define routes and navigate between different components or pages based on the URL.
15. How can you optimize performance in ReactJS?
To optimize performance in ReactJS, you can implement code splitting and use React.memo for memoization of components.
17. What are the key features of ReactJS?
Some key features of ReactJS include:
Virtual DOM: React uses a virtual representation of the actual DOM for efficient updates and rendering.
Component-Based Architecture: React encourages building reusable UI components for easier development and maintenance.
One-Way Data Flow: React follows a unidirectional data flow, making it easier to manage and track changes in the application state.
React Hooks: Hooks are functions that allow using state and other React features in functional components.
18. What is the difference between state and props in ReactJS?
State is used for managing internal component data that can change over time. It is mutable and can be updated using the setState() method. Props, on the other hand, are read-only and passed from parent components to child components. They are used to pass data and behavior down the component hierarchy.
19. What are React Hooks and why are they used?
React Hooks are functions introduced in React 16.8 that allow using state and other React features in functional components. They provide a way to reuse stateful logic, such as managing component state or handling side effects, without using class components. Hooks like useState and useEffect are commonly used in React applications.
20. How does React Router work in ReactJS?
React Router is a popular routing library for React applications. It allows developers to define different routes and their corresponding components. When a user navigates to a specific URL, React Router matches the URL with the defined routes and renders the corresponding component. It also provides features like nested routing, dynamic routing, and URL parameters to handle complex routing scenarios in React applications.