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Nigeria and The world

By Williams usherPublished 4 months ago 3 min read

Nigeria's story begins with its colonial history. The country was a British protectorate until gaining independence in 1960. The colonial experience laid the foundation for Nigeria's modern political and administrative structures. However, it also left a legacy of ethnic and regional divisions that would influence the country's future.

Upon gaining independence, Nigeria faced numerous challenges, including ethnic tensions, economic disparities, and political instability. The country experienced several military coups and civil wars, which hindered its progress. However, despite these setbacks, Nigeria managed to establish a stable democratic system in 1999, which marked a turning point in its history.

One of the key factors behind Nigeria's emergence as a regional powerhouse is its large population. With over 200 million people, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous in the world. This demographic advantage provides a significant labor force and consumer market, fueling economic growth and development.

The Nigerian military has 148 tanks, 1,420 armored fighting vehicles (AFVs), 25 self-propelled guns (SPGs), 339 towed artillery, 30 multiple-launch rocket systems (MLRSs), 98 total aircraft, 9 attack helicopters, 35 trainer helicopters, 38 helicopters, 42 transport aircraft, 10 fixed-wing attack aircraft, 2 frigates, and 12 Coastal Defense Craft.

Nigeria is blessed with abundant natural resources, particularly oil. The discovery of oil in the Niger Delta region in the 1950s transformed Nigeria's economy. Oil exports became the main source of revenue, propelling the country's economic growth. However, over-reliance on oil has also made Nigeria vulnerable to fluctuations in global oil prices and hindered the development of other sectors, such as agriculture and manufacturing.

Nigeria has a diverse range of natural resources, from petroleum to precious metals. Nigeria’s enormous natural resources have drawn a large number of investors, resulting in a powerful source of economic strength for the country.

Nigeria’s abundance of natural riches, along with its abundance of human resources, cannot be matched by any other African country.

Despite the challenges associated with its oil dependency, Nigeria has made significant progress in diversifying its economy. The country has recognized the need to reduce its reliance on oil and has implemented various economic reforms. Efforts have been made to promote sectors like agriculture, manufacturing, and services, aiming to create a more sustainable and diversified economy.

Nigeria's geographic location also contributes to its significance as the giant of Africa. Situated in West Africa, the country serves as a regional hub for trade and commerce. Its strategic position has attracted foreign investment and fostered economic integration within the region. Nigeria is a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which promotes trade and cooperation among its member countries.

Furthermore, Nigeria has played a crucial role in peacekeeping and conflict resolution efforts in Africa. The country has contributed troops to various peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union. Nigeria's involvement in peacekeeping reflects its commitment to regional stability and has further enhanced its influence in African affairs.

Nigeria's cultural and artistic contributions have also propelled its rise as the giant of Africa. The country is known for its vibrant music, film, and literary industries. Nigerian musicians, such as Fela Kuti and more recently, artists like Burna Boy and Wizkid, have achieved international acclaim, promoting Nigerian culture and attracting global attention.

In conclusion, Nigeria's journey to becoming the giant of Africa is the result of a complex interplay of historical, political, and economic factors. Its large population, rich natural resources, strategic location, economic reforms, peacekeeping efforts, and cultural contributions have all contributed to its prominence on the continent. While challenges remain, Nigeria's potential for further growth and development is undeniable, positioning it as a key player in Africa's future.

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