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Climate Change

How does it alter the world?

By RICHARD WPublished about a month ago 3 min read
Climate Change
Photo by Jeremy Goldberg on Unsplash

In the previous subtopic of Climate Change, explained how climate change comes. Now, let's continue the journey and start exploring the consequences brought by climate change.

In this subtopic, I have divided the effects of climate change into two main classes, ecosystem and society. Let's begin!!

Effects towards Ecosystem:

Climate change can have profound implications on ecosystem, impacting biodiversity, species distribution, and ecosystem functioning in various ways:

1. Loss of Biodiversity: Many species are unable to adapt or migrate quickly enough to cope with changing climatic condition. This can lead to extinction or local extirpation of species which reducing overall biodiversity.

2. Changes in Species Distribution: As temperature shift, species may migrate to new areas in search of suitable habitat. This can disrupt ecosystems by altering predator-prey relationship, competition dynamic, and symbiotic interactions. Not to mention, the population of bacteria also increase since they love to live in habitat which is lack of oxygen.

3. Altered Phenology: Climate change can influence the timing of biological events such as flowering, breeding, and migration. This can cause mismatches between species that rely on each other, leading to population decline or ecosystem imbalance.

4. Habitat Loss and Fragmentation: Rising temperature, changing precipitation patterns, and sea-level rise can lead to the loss and fragmentation of habitats such as forests, wetlands, and coral reefs. This can reduce available habitat for many species and disrupt ecosystem connectivity.

5. Ocean Acidification: Increased atmospheric CO2 level lead to higher concentrations of carbon dioxide in oceans, causing ocean acidification. This can harm marine ecosystem, especially coral reefs and shell-forming organisms, which rely on carbonate ions to build their skeletons and shells.

6. Extreme Weather Events: Climate change is associated with more frequent and severe extreme weather events such as hurricanes, droughts, floods, and wildfires. These events can directly impact ecosystem by causing habitat destruction, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity.

7. Loss of Ecosystem Services: Ecosystems provide valuable services such as carbon sequestration, water purification, pollination, and climate regulation. Climate change can compromise the ability of ecosystems to provide these services, leading to negative impacts on human well-being.

8. Feedback Loops: Climate change can trigger feedback loops that further exacerbate its effects on ecosystems. For example, melting polar ice reduces the Earth's albedo, leading to more heat absorption and further warming. Similarly, thawing permafrost releases stored carbon, contributing to additional greenhouse gas emission.

Effects towards Society:

1. Impacts on Food Security: Changes in temperature and precipitation patterns affect agricultural productivity, leading to crop failure, reduced yields, and increased food price. This can exacerbate hunger and malnutrition, particularly in vulnerable regions with limited access to resources.

2. Water Scarcity: Climate change alters precipitation patterns, leading to more frequent drought and water shortage in lots of region. This can strain water resources for drinking, agriculture, industry, and sanitation, leading to conflicts over water allocation and access.

3. Health Risks: Climate change can exacerbate health problems through increased frequency and intensity of heatwave, storm, and infectious diseases. Heat-related illnesses, respiratory diseases, and vector-borne diseases like malaria and dengue fever may become more prevalent as temperatures rise and habitats shift.

4. Displacement and Migration: Rising sea level, extreme weather events, and loss of habitable land due to desertification and coastal erosion can force people to migrate from their homes. This can lead to social disruptions, conflicts, and challenges for receiving communities and government.

5. Economic Disruptions: Climate-related disasters and environmental degradation can cause significant economic losses, particularly in sectors such as agriculture, tourism, fisheries, and infrastructure. These disruptions can have long-lasting effects on local economies and global supply chain.

6. Social Inequities: Climate change disproportionately affects vulnerable populations, including low-income communities, indigenous peoples, women, children, and the elderly. These groups often have limited resources and are more exposed to environmental hazards, exacerbating existing social inequalities.

7. Infrastructure Vulnerability: Infrastructure such as roads, bridges, buildings, and utilities is vulnerable to climate-related hazards such as floods, storms, and sea-level rise. Climate change increases the risk of infrastructure damage, leading to costly repairs, disruptions in services, and threats to public safety.

8. Security Risks: Climate change can exacerbate social tensions and conflicts over scarce resources such as water, land, and food. Competition for resources may lead to civil unrest, displacement, and even violence, particularly in regions already experiencing political instability or ethnic tension.

Hence, climate change is a "silent killer" which not only brings negative impacts on the Earth, but also humans and animals. To reduce the potential effects of climate change, suitable measures have to be taken by everyone else.

(p/s: The subtopic on solutions to reduce the negative impacts of climate change will be discussed on the next story. See ya!)


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Comments (1)

  • RICHARD W (Author)about a month ago

    Let's start our own role to reduce the negative impacts of climate change!

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