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Atlantic Ocean

by Radha Karki 10 months ago in Nature
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Ocean

Atlantic Ocean
Photo by Ishant Mishra on Unsplash

Different boundaries were used to define the boundaries of the North and South Atlantic. Attempts to define open watersheds between the Atlantic and Arctic oceans are based on the unifying of latitude and direct transect, but the two most common areas are 65 degrees N (Arctic Circle) and 66 degrees. The southern boundary of the Atlantic Ocean is not very clear and the name is given to the waters around Antarctica as "Southern Ocean".

The border between the Atlantic and the Pacific is the Drake Passage between the Cape Horn (late South America) and the mountains of the Antarctic Peninsula. The most widely accepted border is the South Atlantic-Indian Ocean line, which extends from Cape Agulhas in the southern part of Africa about 20 degrees east of the meridian and Antarctica.

In addition to the above, other major waters near the Atlantic Ocean are the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico (Hudson Bay), the Mediterranean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea. To the east is the boundary between the Atlantic Ocean and Europe - the Strait of Gibraltar, where it is connected to the Mediterranean Sea and one of its outer waters, the Black Sea in Africa. To the southeast, it joins the Indian Ocean, whose boundary is defined by a 20 degree east meridian east from Cape Agulhas in Antarctica.

On the American side, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, and Hudson Bay are very large waters. The South Atlantic is larger than the North Atlantic, but the latter has a long coastline and an incomplete large ocean, and a nearby port.

The Atlantic Ocean covers about 20 percent of the earth's surface and is the second-largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean. As part of the connected oceans, it is connected southwest with the Pacific Ocean to the northwest, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Southern Ocean to the south; some descriptions describe it as far north as Antarctica. The Atlantic Ocean is divided into two parts by counter-equatorial currents, both of which are about 8 degrees.

The world's oceans are divided into five major regions: the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. It covers 29% of the total surface water and 20% of the total surface area. Its form is divided between North and South America in western Africa and eastern Europe.

The Malak Shostal connects the vast waters that separate Europe and Africa from North and South America and the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean stretches from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean, around Antarctica in the south. It is s-shaped and small in proportion to its length.

The earliest mention of the Atlantic in the history of Herodotus (450 BC - I / 202). The present-day global hemispheres of the eastern and western hemispheres, as well as Antarctica, were divided when the Atlantic began building the orbit around 180 million years ago. The Atlantic Ocean extends a junction (S-shaped) extending northwest and is separated from the North Atlantic and South Atlantic by 8 degrees north and wide by equatorial calculation currents.

Warm water flows through the North Atlantic tire clock in the North Atlantic, while warm water opposes the South Atlantic clock movement from the South Atlantic.

This route is influenced by large ocean currents, the transatlantic conveyor belt where cold, heavy waters sink into the North Atlantic and extend beyond the Gulf Stream. Fresh, light water seeps into the Labrador Sea and slows the cycle. In this process, currents carry warm water from the North Atlantic, and temperatures in the Atlantic and Europe are reduced.

This contributes to Labrador's marine environment, as Arctic waters are often refreshed and rich in nutrients. Rain, ice, and streams bring fresh water to the Arctic Ocean and are fresher than the Pacific Ocean due to the recent melting of the Arctic sea ice.

North and South are separate ocean currents that influence global climate. The Coriolis effect causes the waters of the southern Atlantic to rotate against the clock, and the waters of the North Atlantic rotate clockwise. The surface water temperature is influenced by factors such as time, the current system, and duration.

The climate of the Atlantic Ocean and surrounding areas is influenced by the warmth of the surface and the water and the wind that blows it away. Atlantic winds, and shifting winds, moving in the same direction as existing winds, can cause instability in the air, which can lead to storms.

The strong gust of wind, known as the African Easterly Jet, stems from the contrast between the arid, tropical desert of Africa and the humid and cool breeze from the west and south. The jet blows winds along the west coast of Africa, where western winds absorb seawater in the form of thunderstorms.

A tropical storm Warmth the warm Sahara Desert in Africa during the summer, and the winds that blow some of the largest hurricanes in the US form the coast of Africa, blowing hurricanes and horizontal winds before hitting the east coast of North America with all its might. Like Hurricanes Florence and Harvey, these hurricanes subside as they cross the Atlantic and fill warm waters along the east coast of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico.

Influential currents and systems in the Atlantic Ocean, which play an important role in redistributing heat through our planetary climate system, have been moving in the same direction for at least 1600 years. Excluded records from the oceanic dynamics allow scientists to reconstruct a distant past dating back millions of years, and they know that currents can slow down or stop as the northern hemisphere climate changes. An important way is that age serves as a kind of oar to control the speed of the currents, as the melting of the ice leads to the infiltration of freshwater into the currents.

Nature

About the author

Radha Karki

@[email protected]

I am very curious ar learning new things, love to read books, paintings, art, and love singing too.

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