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Who Was Muhammad Bin Qasim?

Story of a 17 years old conqueror.

By Ha Le SaPublished 28 days ago 3 min read

Muhammad bin Qasim was a young Muslim general who played a key role in the early Islamic conquests of the Sindh region of present-day Pakistan in the early 8th century. During the rule of Umayyad Caliphate in the late 7th century CE, Muhammad bin Qasim was born in the Arabian Peninsula. Despite having a short life, he left a lasting legacy with his military expeditions and victories that helped establish Islamic dominance in South Asia.

Early Life and Military Career:

In the present day of Saudi Arabia, in the city of Ta'if, Muhammad bin Qasim was born. When the Umayyad Caliphate controlled a large portion of the Middle East and North Africa at the time, his father, Qasim bin Yusuf, served as a commander in the Arab army. Thus, the young Muhammad was brought up in a military family and developed an understanding of the battle.

Muhammad bin Qasim joined his uncle Hajjaj bin Yusuf, who was in charge of Iraq and the neighboring areas when he was 17 years old. Muhammad bin Qasim obtained his military education and started his career as a commander with the support of his uncle.

Conquest of Sindh:

Raja Dahir, the administrator of Sindh, the last hindu king is accused of persecuting Arab businessmen in his area and refusing to pay tribute to the Umayyad Caliphate in 711 CE. To put down the uprising and conquer the area, the Caliphate sent out a sizable force under the command of Muhammad bin Qasim.

The army of Muhammad bin Qasim arrived close to the city of Debal (modern-day Karachi), which it then went on to conquer. The Arab army then made their way to Al-Mansurah (now Multan), the capital of Sindh, and engaged Raja Dahir's men in a decisive fight. According to legend, Muhammad bin Qasim treated the defeated kings and their subjects justly and let them carry on with their religious observances.

The Umayyad Caliphate made great progress with the conquest of Sindh because it offered them a foothold in the subcontinent. The area was a vital addition to the Caliphate's realms since it was resource-rich and had a thriving trading network.

Legacy and Impact:

The impact of Muhammad bin Qasim's conquest of Sindh on the subcontinent was extensive. It signaled the start of Muslim dominance in the area, which would remain for centuries and have an enduring influence on the subcontinent's culture, language, and traditions. Despite his brief reign, Muhammad bin Qasim is regarded by many historians as the country's first Muslim king.

Muhammad bin Qasim is renowned for his administrative reforms in addition to his military victories. In his realms, he developed a system of rule that permitted the peaceful coexistence of Muslims and non-Muslims. He chose local governors and administrators who were in charge of maintaining law and order and collecting taxes. Additionally, he promoted business and trade, which boosted the region's economy.

In Pakistan, where Muhammad bin Qasim is seen as a national hero, his legacy is still recognized and honored. His conquest of Sindh is regarded as a representation of the strength and unity of the Muslim people, and his name has come to stand for valor, leadership, and righteousness.


An outstanding military leader, Muhammad bin Qasim was a key figure in the early Islamic conquest of the Sindh region of present-day Pakistan. His conquest of Sindh created a legacy that is widely regarded today and laid the groundwork for Muslim authority in the area. He was a just and fair ruler who showed mercy to his vanquished enemies and put in place a political structure that permitted peaceful cohabitation.


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Ha Le Sa

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