The Philippine State for Technology and Development
The significance of technology in our day by day lives is irrefutable. Ascribed, in the present unique world, existence without innovation is inane (Asif, 2019; Bansal, 2019).
Technological headway and economic growth are related to each other (Technical Progress and Economic Development, n.d.). The degree of innovation is additionally a significant determinant of financial development (Śledzik, 2013). The quick pace of development can be accomplished through a significant level of innovation. Economic development is determined by how well a country mobilizes its resources to improve productivity and to increase the production of goods and services. Generally, resources include labor and human skills, capital, land, and natural resources, while significant factors affecting productivity are technology, research, and development (Cororaton, 2002).
Technological innovation and economic development are mutually reinforcing (Hirono, 1985). That is, a higher rate of growth tends to generate productivity improvement through technology innovation through research and development, and vice versa (Cororaton, 2002).
Invention and innovations have been, to a great extent, answerable for fast financial development in developed countries (Technical Progress and Economic Development, n.d.). he Philippines can't stay subject to the import of innovation. A country that spends more on science and innovation research will, in general, become quicker than another nation aggregating increasingly capital, however spending less on innovation.
Philippine Science and Technology (S&T) has a long history, dating back to the early American colonial period during which the Bureau of Science was created. The American government, through this Bureau, formed the Philippine Science and Technology. However, the coverage was very limited. It mainly focused on agriculture, health and food processing, Thus, because of the colonial economic policy, the development of industrial technology was largely neglected.
The DOST, being headed by a Cabinet secretary, was mandated to keep giving focal heading, initiative, and coordination of S&T endeavors and definition and execution of approaches, plans, projects, and ventures for S&T improvement. Science and technology in the Philippines represent the wide scientific and technological advances the Philippines has made. DOST is responsible for the coordination and funding of different researches by Filipino scientists and inventors, which can conceivably help the advancement of science and innovation in the Philippines.
Recently, Science and technology in the country marked another milestone with the signing of the Balik Scientist law by President Rodrigo Roa A. Duterte on June 15, 2018. Republic Act No. 11035, also known as "Act Institutionalizing the Balik Scientist Program," give more incentives to returning Filipino experts, scientist, inventors, and engineers who would share their expertise in the country (Science & Technology Media Service, 2018). Balik Scientist Program, which was first established in 1975 through Presidential Decree No. 819 but was implemented in 1986. In the Balik Scientist Law, a returning scientist can participate in DOST's Grants-in-Aid research and development. An award may be provided to the Balik Scientist and released through the host institution for the implementation of the project per relevant government regulations and the need for the program involved (Science & Technology Media Service, 2018).
According to Senator Paolo Benigno "Bam" Aquino IV, the principal sponsor and author of the said bill, Balik Scientist Law is a big help in encouraging Filipino scientist to return to the country and contribute to improve the nation and people's lives. This addresses the problem on the low number of scientists in the country so we can fare better with the neighboring countries in Asia who have more people working in research and development.
Meanwhile, Secretary Fortunato T. de la Peña said that is very crucial to strengthen the Balik Scientist Program of the DOST because we have areas that lack of experts such as space technology and artificial intelligence which are just starting. He believes that having enough human resource in these fields would help the country in conducting various research and development project in these areas.
Science and Technology, the department is working hard to increase the number of science and engineering alumni in the country. In cooperation with the academe and private institutions, the Department of Science and Technology intends to deliver more researchers to represent considerable authority in science-and-innovation related courses to lift the degree of work being done in the Philippines. Starting in 2017, 95 percent of manufacturing activities in the Philippines account for fabrication and general manufacturing; R&D activities are mostly diverted to regional plants and rarely to Philippine operations. Creating opportunities and partnerships, where R&D activities are supported or boosted by government, will help monetary movement in the area (Makati Business Club, American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, Canadian Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, & DOST, 2017).
The DOST-Region 8 has a total of Three Hundred Eighty-Eight (388) scholars (229 RA 7687 Scholars and 159 Merit Scholars) combining the Eight Thousand Nine Hundred Ninety-Four (8,994) Department of Science and Technology-Science Education Institute (DOST-SEI) scholars all over the Philippines (DOST, 2018).
There has been a tremendous advancement of a Philippines Space Program, which is one of DOST’s top priority programs. Recently, the Philippines launched its micro-satellite, the “DIWATA 1”, and “DIWATA 2” (PHL Microsoft, n.d.; Philippine Council for Industry, Energy and Emerging Technology Research and Development, 2016; Sadongdong, 2017). The office is likewise in partnership with other countries’ space programs and satellites for visual imaging and weather pattern forecasting. The objective of the space program is to carry the Philippines into the 21st century by creating bleeding-edge innovations conceived out of the difficulties of room flight and space perception.
On the surface, the Philippines resembles a traveler goal, with little to offer as far as a business – substantially less for science and innovation (Manalo, 2017). The Department of Science and Technology (DOST) aims to change this picture of the Philippines and influence its land area by making the nation a focal point of scientific activity and excellence (DOST, 2017). These little ventures will mean greater and greater discoveries, which will ideally, at some point, make the Philippines as a scientific and technological hub like our neighbors, Japan, South Korea, and China.
In 1997, an Administrative Order No. 332, was issued directing all government agencies to connect to the Internet (Computer Times, 1999). "The impact of the web in expanding and upgrading access to data and correspondence might be most noteworthy in more unfortunate countries," as per Harvard University. On the off chance that creating nations acquire access to the web, it very well may be the main thrust to lift families out of poverty. The knowledge provided through the internet can maintain health, educate families, and open entryways for young boys and young girls who can't go to class.
Recently, President Duterte signed the Republic Act (RA) no. 11052, which creates the Professional Regulatory Board of Food Technology, which directs the training in the Philippines. The law, signed by President Duterte on June 29, expresses that the legislature perceives the significance of expert nourishment technologists in country building and advancement. "Subsequently, it will create and support skilled, idealistic, gainful, and balanced proficient nourishment technologists whose models of training and administration will be astounding, world-class, and all-inclusive serious through genuine, viable, pertinent, and valid licensure assessments," (Manila Bulletin, 2018).
As per the Philippine Security and Safety Practitioner (PSSP), in regards to the insights, our nation, Philippines, stands and positions at 55 as far as innovation. Innovation is the brilliant pass to accomplishing the objective of closure destitution.
As the world progressively moves to a digital economy, nations that neglect to outfit the intensity of innovation will fall more distant and more distant behind. It is genuinely amusing that a similar innovation that reformed correspondence and network additionally take steps to make an abyss that isolates countries as opposed to connecting them. There may not be one basic arrangement, yet everyone has a task to carry out, regardless of whether as an individual, business association, government, or global foundation. The person's job is to instruct himself and create center abilities: all things considered, the effect of innovation relies to a great extent on the nature of HR and how it is applied. Business associations should continually re-engineer their organizations utilizing data innovation to accomplish more prominent effectiveness and intensity.
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Bansal, Y. (2019, June 25). Step-up to the World of Technology. https://gradeup.co/step-up-with-the-world-of-technological-awareness-i
Cororaton, C. B. (2002). Research and Development and Technology in the Philippines.Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 10, 1-68.
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Phl Microsoft. (n.d.). Diwata 1. https://phl-microsat.upd.edu.ph/diwata1
Phl Microsoft. (n.d.). Diwata 1. https://phl-microsat.upd.edu.ph/diwata2
Sadongdong, M. (2017, February 23). Diwata-1 microsatellite circles earth over 4,000 times. http://pcieerd.dost.gov.ph/news/pcieerd-in-the-news/251-diwata-1-microsatellite-circles-earth-over-4-000-times.
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