A study finds that AI provides higher-quality answers and is more empathetic than real doctors. According to what was published by the British "Daily Mail", a study, conducted by the University of California, compared the written responses from doctors and those received from ChatGPT about health inquiries in the real world to see which is higher in quality, more accurate and faster.
A panel of healthcare professionals rated ChatGPT's responses 79% better in terms of response speed and rated them as having higher quality of information provided and more understanding, noting that panel members didn't know where the answers came from either the real doctors or the chatbot.
Gold standard testing
ChatGPT recently caused a stir in the medical community after it was shown that it could pass the gold standard exam required to practice medicine in the US, raising the possibility that it could one day replace human doctors.
Accuracy and coverage of broader aspects
"ChatGPT responses contained accurate information and often addressed more aspects of a patient's questions than responses from human clinicians," said Jessica Kelly, co-author of the study.
The UCLA research team randomly selected 195 health queries from the AskDocs platform, which had been answered by verified human doctors, and then the researchers put them to ChatGPT to answer.
A panel of three doctors reviewed all the questions and answers without knowing which one was written by the doctor and which one was written by the AI bot.
Among the questions asked was "a question about the risk of blindness after spraying bleach into the eye, which causes eye irritation and dryness."
The real doctor replied, "Looks like you'll be fine. You should wash your eyes any time you get a chemical or foreign object in your eye. You can also call the Poisoning Emergency Center."
Flood of information
ChatGPT's response read: "I am sorry to hear that bleach was sprayed in your eye. It is important to rinse the eye as soon as possible after the chemicals have splashed out to remove as much of the chemical as possible and prevent further irritation or damage. If you haven't already, You should rinse your eye with clean water or a saline solution as soon as possible.You can do this by keeping your eye open and directing a gentle stream of water over your eye from the inner corner to the outer corner for at least 15 minutes.If you do not have water, you can use a solution saline or artificial tears to rinse your eyes.If you experience severe pain, redness, or vision changes, or if you are unable to rinse your eyes properly, seek medical attention immediately.But if your eyes only feel irritated and dry, you may be able to Treat them at home with artificial tears or an eye ointment to keep the eyes moist and comfortable."
"It is unlikely that you will go blind from splattering bleach into your eye, but it is important to take good care of your eyes and seek medical attention if needed to prevent further irritation or damage," added Chat JPT.
The three panelists gave ChatGPT's answer an average quality score of four and an average empathy score of 4.67. They rated the doctor's answer 3.33 for quality and 2.33 for empathy. Responses of good or very good quality were 3.6 times higher for chatbots than for clinicians and affective responses were 9.8 times higher.
James Davenport, Professor of Information Technology at the University of Bath, UK, said: “In the study and in the entire database, ChatGPT responses were, on average, four times longer than responses from real clinicians.
"The study's recommendations do not call for ChatGPT to replace real doctors, but they do call, quite legitimately, for more research into whether and how ChatGPT can help doctors generate response," he added, noting that human doctors provide answers and "Canned responses" whereas "A random parrot like ChatGPT" provides a much wider range of responses than the curt answers of human clinicians.
The founder of Telegram, threatening to leave a new country, failed to provide data on extremists
Pavel Durov, CEO of the instant messaging service, Telegram, said that his application may end up leaving Brazil, following a Brazilian federal court's decision to ban the application in the country.
The Brazilian court had issued its ruling banning the Telegram application and obligating both Apple and Google to remove the application from their respective application stores, and it also asked telecom companies to block access to it.
The Brazilian court stated that the Telegram application had failed to deliver data related to users believed to be "extremists and those involved in acts of violence" inside the country, and the court obligated the application to pay a fine of $ 200,000 per day until the required data was delivered.
According to the American newspaper "The New York Times", the Telegram application had handed over the data of the director of a group that incited violence to the court, while the application failed to hand over the data of the members of that group in addition to another group.
According to Telegram, these groups have been deleted and no data related to them can be recovered, but this was not sufficient before the court to justify non-compliance with the judge's orders to hand over the required data.
And the Brazilian Supreme Court previously banned the Telegram application for what it described as a failure to freeze accounts that were spreading misleading news before the presidential elections last year, but the ban lasted only two days before the application returned to work again after the application cooperated with the Brazilian authorities.
Commenting on the court ruling, Dorov stated, "in a statement he posted on his channel in the application, that the data requested by the court is "technically impossible" to obtain.
Durov added that the Telegram app had left countries such as China, Iran and Russia (where the app itself originated) due to local laws, indicating that the app might leave Brazil for the same reason.
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According to the founder of the application, leaving the country "is better than betraying the users and the beliefs on which it was founded," as he put it.
Currently, users within Brazil cannot access the application normally without circumventing the ban with a VPN service, for example.
For its part, the application announced that it will appeal the court's decision, but the application will remain unavailable until this judicial dispute is finally decided.
The Twitter platform deletes the phrase "funded by the state" from media accounts
After the objections of many public media outlets in a number of countries, the social networking platform Twitter decided to delete the phrase "funded by the government" or "affiliated with the state" from the pages of these media accounts.
The move also includes the accounts of China's new news agency "Xinhua" and Russia's state-owned TV channel "Russia Today", which is banned in Europe, and whose accounts no longer bear the phrase "funded by the government."
Twitter used these phrases to suggest that governments might exercise influence over publicly funded public media. However, Elon Musk, the owner of Twitter, faced severe criticism and anger on the part of the public media that rejected this classification, especially from the American public radio "EPR", which was the first media to be classified by the Twitter platform as "state-affiliated", and then after " Funded by the state.
After that, Twitter placed this classification on the accounts of many international media outlets, such as the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC).
Earlier this month, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) announced that it had suspended its activities on the social networking platform Twitter, after Musk posted the phrase "funded by the state" on the account of the broadcaster.
The Canadian Commission’s decision came days after the American National Public Radio “NBR” announced that it would stop broadcasting its content on the platform due to a dispute over the platform’s description of it.
"Twitter can be an effective tool for our journalists to connect with Canadians, but it destroys the accuracy and professionalism of the work they do by allowing our independence to be falsely portrayed," said Leon Marr, a spokesman for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Associated with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Radio Canada News".
The CBC said it was a "crown institution", meaning it was wholly owned by the state but "operates at a sufficient distance from the government" and is editorially independent.
For its part, the Twitter platform said that "state-funded media institutions are defined as the media to which the government provides some or all of its funding, and the degree of government interference in their editorial content may vary."
And the American National Public Radio withdrew from Twitter after describing it as a "state media", which puts it alongside the propaganda mouthpieces in authoritarian countries, according to the broadcaster.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) said it was contacting Twitter after describing it as "state-funded".
A young man leaves nuclear physics to revive the use of thatch for roofing
Jacobus van Horne, a former CERN scientist who left his job to work as a roofer, is seeking to revive straw, known for its environmental benefits.
Horne's house is astonishing when you see it, as its two-hundred-square-meter roof is characterized by stacked straw coming from cane grown locally on the shores of the stunning Lake Neusiedl (east), which is characterized by a landscape included by UNESCO in its World Heritage List.
"It only takes two weeks to cover a roof like this with straw," says the 37-year-old physicist, who did not hesitate to give up his job at the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Switzerland to run his family's business.
After the winter harvest, Jacobus weeds the hay and ties it into bundles, using a technique he inherited from his father, a Dutchman who immigrated to Austria in the 1980s.
Jacobus does not regret the decision he made, but he expresses concern about the difficulties in terms of production, referring in this regard to China, which relies on attractive prices and occupies 80% of the market share in Europe.
Buying cane from Shanghai is no more expensive than securing it from Europe for buyers in the Netherlands, Germany, England and France, says Jacobus. With the inflation going on, China's low prices are hard to match.