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PCOD: Unraveling the Challenges of Polycystic Ovary Disorder

Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) is a common disorder that several women suffer from. This blog discusses everything you need to know about PCOD along with treatment options.

By Banker IVFPublished 9 months ago 5 min read

What is PCOD?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), also referred as Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) is one of the most common endocrine disorders, estimated to affect around 5-10% of women worldwide. PCOD is characterized by various symptoms resulting from hormonal imbalances and the presence of multiple cysts (small fluid-filled sacs) in the ovaries.

The exact cause of PCOD is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Hormonal imbalances play a significant role in the development of PCOD. Women with PCOD often have higher levels of androgens (male hormones) such as testosterone, as well as higher levels of insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar levels.

What are the common symptoms of PCOD?

The hormonal imbalances in PCOD disrupt the normal functioning of the ovaries, leading to a range of symptoms, such as:

Menstrual Irregularities: Irregular menstrual cycles are a hallmark symptom of PCOD. This can manifest as infrequent periods, unpredictable menstrual cycles, or the absence of periods (amenorrhea). Some women may also experience heavy or prolonged bleeding during their periods. This irregularity occurs because the hormonal imbalances interfere with the normal growth and release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation).

Excessive Hair Growth (Hirsutism): Elevated levels of androgens (male hormones) in PCOD can lead to excessive hair growth, especially in areas typically associated with male pattern hair growth. This can include the face (upper lip, chin, cheeks), chest, abdomen, back, and inner thighs. 

Acne and Oily Skin: Hormonal imbalances in PCOD can cause increased sebum production, leading to acne breakouts and oily skin. Acne can be persistent and resistant to conventional treatments.

Weight Gain and Difficulty Losing Weight: Many women with PCOD struggle with weight management. Hormonal imbalances, particularly insulin resistance, can contribute to weight gain and difficulty losing weight. Weight gain in PCOD often occurs in the abdominal area. The hormonal imbalances can make it challenging for women with PCOD to maintain a healthy weight, leading to an increased risk of obesity.

Insulin Resistance and Diabetes Risk: Insulin resistance, a condition in which the body becomes less responsive to the hormone insulin, is common in PCOD. This can lead to elevated insulin levels and an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Darkening of Skin: Some women with PCOD may experience patches of darkened skin, especially in skin folds such as the neck, groin, or under the breasts. This condition is known as acanthosis nigricans and is associated with insulin resistance.

Mood Swings and Depression: Hormonal imbalances in PCOD can affect mood stability and lead to mood swings. Women with PCOD may also be at a higher risk of developing depression and anxiety.

Sleep disturbances: PCOD can be associated with sleep disturbances such as sleep apnea, which is characterized by interrupted breathing during sleep.

Headaches: Some women with PCOD may experience frequent or more intense headaches.

Infertility or Difficulty Getting Pregnant: Irregular or absent ovulation in PCOD can lead to difficulties in conceiving. Women with PCOD may experience challenges in getting pregnant without medical intervention.

PCOD – Further Complications

PCOD is not just limited to its physical symptoms; it can have broader health implications as well. Women with PCOD have a higher risk of developing conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia (abnormal lipid levels). They may also have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases later in life.

The diagnosis of PCOD is based on various criteria. The Rotterdam criteria, commonly used for diagnosis, include the presence of at least two of the following: irregular or absent menstrual cycles, clinical or laboratory evidence of excess androgens, and ultrasound evidence of polycystic ovaries. Other conditions that mimic PCOD, such as thyroid disorders or adrenal hyperplasia, must be ruled out before a definitive diagnosis is made.

Although PCOD cannot be cured, it can be managed effectively. The treatment approach depends on the individual's goals, whether it's managing symptoms, restoring fertility, or reducing the long-term health risks associated with PCOD.

Lifestyle modifications play a crucial role in managing PCOD. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help improve insulin sensitivity, regulate hormone levels, and promote weight loss. A low-glycemic-index diet, which focuses on consuming carbohydrates that have a minimal impact on blood sugar levels, is often recommended.

Medications may also be prescribed to manage specific symptoms or address underlying hormonal imbalances. Oral contraceptive pills (birth control pills) are commonly used to regulate menstrual cycles, reduce androgen levels, and improve acne and hirsutism. Anti-androgen medications can be prescribed to manage excessive hair growth and acne.

Medications that improve insulin sensitivity, such as metformin, may be prescribed for women with PCOD who have insulin resistance or are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

For women with PCOD struggling with infertility, fertility treatments may be necessary. Ovulation induction with medications such as clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins can help stimulate egg production and improve the chances of pregnancy. In more severe cases, assisted


Addressing the complexities of PCOD requires comprehensive care and a holistic approach. That's where Banker IVF comes into the picture. Established in 1989, Banker IVF is a renowned IVF hospital in Ahmedabad. Their dedicated team of IVF specialists has been committed to delivering the best treatments and helping couples experience the joy of parenthood. 

The team at Banker IVF understands the emotional and physical challenges that individuals with PCOD face. They offer personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs, ensuring that the best possible outcomes are achieved. Their expertise, compassionate care, and commitment to advanced infertility treatments make a significant difference in the lives of their patients.

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About the Creator

Banker IVF

Banker IVF is the best IVF hospital in Ahmedabad which provides a world class fertility treatments for men and women with high success rates.

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