Draw helix and cool patterns using turtle library python
using turtle package in python
Today we will be using the python turtle package and draw simple patterns. Turtle is a really useful python package for beginners and programming kids. It is a drawing tool that can be used draw using simple codes. After importing turtle package , just give it the command turtle.forward(25), and it moves 15 pixels in the direction it is facing on the screen.
What is Turtle Library?
In computer graphics, turtle graphics are vector graphics using a relative cursor (the "turtle") upon a Cartesian plane. Turtle graphics is a key feature of the Logo programming language.It was part of the original Logo programming language developed by Wally Feurzig and Seymour Papert in 1966.The turtle module is an extended re-implementation of the same-named module from the Python standard distribution up to version Python 2.5.
The turtle module provides turtle graphics primitives, in both object-oriented and procedure-oriented ways. Because it uses tkinter for the underlying graphics, it needs a version of Python installed with Tk support.
The turtle has three attributes: a location, an orientation (or direction), and a pen. The pen, too, has attributes: color, width, and on/off state.
The turtle moves with commands that are relative to its own position, such as "move forward 10 spaces" and "turn left 90 degrees". The pen carried by the turtle can also be controlled, by enabling it, setting its color, or setting its width.
These are the common methods used for Move and draw
goto() setpos() setposition()
Things are better understandable if it is explained with a practical example.There are a lot of sample programs available online. So, lets try out some practical examples:
First of all lets try drawing a rainbow on the screen using same package:
For making a rainbow using the turtle library for that we have to draw seven semi circles of different radius with seven colours. lets check that out...
#importing the turtle package
#“Turtle” is a Python feature like a drawing board,
# which lets us command a turtle to draw all over it!
#We can use functions like turtle.forward(…) and turtle.right(…)
#which can move the turtle around.
# create a new drawing board(window)-->scr and a turtle object-->pen
#setting the colors for drawing rainbow
#setting screen feature and pen configuration
pen.right(90) #trutle turns clockwise
pen.width(10) #set thickness
pen.speed(7) #drawing speed
# method to form semi-circles as in a rainbow
def drawSemicircle(colr, radius, position):
pen.color(colr) #set the color each time
pen.circle(radius,-180) #draw a circle
pen.up() #picks up turtle pen
pen.setpos(position,0) #move turtle pen to this position
pen.down() #puts down the turtle pen
pen.right(180) #turns the turtle clock wise
#loop to draw the seven semi circles
for i in range(7):
#exit turtle window
Now let's draw a helix pattern using turtle.
Helix is an object having a three-dimensional shape like that of a wire wound uniformly in a single layer around a cylinder or cone, as in a corkscrew or spiral staircase.
Now lets try making a helix using the turtle library
import turtle #import the turtle package and set colours and screen
colors = ['red', 'purple', 'blue', 'green', 'orange', 'yellow']
scr.setup(800,600) #setting window dimensions
for x in range(360): #loop for drawing the helix pattern
t.width(x/100 + 1)
You can see the output of the program in the above mentioned video.
Try out some more cool and complex patterns. As this would be a really cool and fun way to learn for beginners in python. Explore different methods used in this topic and improve your skills.
Hope you liked this content stay tuned for more