Anal cancer is an unusual form of cancer that involves the very end of the large intestine. Symptoms of anal cancer often mimic more severe and less important problems affecting the buttocks, such as masses and anal fissures. Anal cancer symptoms may include leakage of the throat, scratching and discomfort around the anus, tiny lumps around the anal, anal mucous discharge, weak control of the intestine. But most anal cancer cases do not exhibit any signs. Typically, the GP will inquire about the issues, and do any tests. They can feel your tummy and conduct a rectal test. It requires pressing a gloved finger to the neck to facilitate detection of abnormalities. The Doctor will send you to the hospital if they believe they require more checks. Some of the scans that you may have included: sigmoidoscopy, where a wide, transparent tube with a tiny camera and light is inserted into your butt to check for any abnormalities, proctoscopy, where the interior of your rectum is inspected using a hollow tube-like device with a light at the end, biopsy, where a particular tissue sample is extracted from your anus after a sigmoidoscopy or proctoscopy, If you are infected with anal cancer so a multidisciplinary team must look after you. There's a network of different professionals working together to provide the finest diagnosis and care available. Chemoradiation is a combination of radiotherapy and induction care. It is the most successful therapy for anal cancer presently available. Although you have chemoradiation, you don't necessarily have to live in care. Anal cancer chemotherapy is typically delivered in two phases, with a break between the intervals of four weeks, each lasting four to five days. Much of the medication is administered to the arm in some cases by a narrow tube called a peripherally implanted central catheter, which will stay in position before the procedure is complete. The tubing ensures that you don't remain in hospital through any level of chemotherapy. You'll be tied to a little plastic enclosure, which you'll carry with you afterwards. Surgery is a less effective, alternate therapy for anal cancer. Typically this is only known if the tumour is tiny and can be extracted easily or if chemoradiation has not been successful. If the tumour is very tiny and well defined, a treatment called a local excise is likely to be done It is a straightforward operation, done under general anaesthetic, typically involving a several days 'stay in the hospital. A more complicated procedure called abdominoperineal resection could be prescribed if chemoradiation is ineffective or the cancer has spread during diagnosis. This is done with a local excision under general anaesthetic. An abdominoperineal resection includes cleansing the vagina, rectum, the bladder, any underlying abdominal tissue, and even any nearby lymph nodes to minimise the likelihood of chronic illness. Typically you will have to be in hospital for up to 10 days following this sort of procedure. A permanent colostomy may also be developed after the procedure, so that you can move the stools. A part of the broad intestine is redirected to an opening in the abdomen, called a stoma made. The stoma is connected to a different bag, which during service may hold the stools. After completion of the therapy plan, you will require daily follow-up visits to track your progress and search for any symptoms of cancer that occur. The precise cause of anal cancer is unclear although the likelihood of contracting the condition can be raised by a variety of factors. The probability of anal cancer depends on how bad the disease would be when the diagnosis is made. The quicker medicine progresses, the stronger the outlook.