Strong contrast: Japan to build 20,000 tons of giant ships, the United States instead began to build "frigates"
A few days ago, the United States and Japan released news about building warships on the same day, though the two news items are in sharp contrast. According to a report by the Global Newswire, Japan's Ministry of Defense has released a draft budget proposal for the year 2023 (order and 5 years), with a new record size of 5.59 trillion yen (about 278.5 billion yuan). The most notable of these is the large surface combatant ship currently known as the "Aegis system carrier".
According to the Japanese side, this new type of combat ship is 210 meters long, 40 meters wide, displacement and "Izumo" class aircraft carrier, so-called "order and version of Yamato"; and the United States Naval Institute News Network (USNINews) was released on the same day The news said that the U.S. Army's first "Constellation" class frigate in Italy Fincantini shipyard officially opened.
The reason why the Japanese navy is building new large "Aegis" ships, is mainly because the original plan to build two land-based Aegis systems in the direction of the Sea of Japan due to land acquisition problems and shelved, so the Japanese government plans to add the construction of two new extra-large "Aegis "ship to compensate. But the ambition of the Japanese navy is a bit big, this time the submitted warship's full load displacement is almost equivalent to the "Izumo" class aircraft carrier (that is, about 26,000 tons!). It is twice the full load displacement of the 055), which is why it was jokingly called the "order and version of Yamato" (Yamato is the largest battleship built and commissioned by Japan and the world so far).
According to Japan's plan, the "order and version of Yamato" will be the core of the U.S.-made AN/SPY-7 "Aegis" phased-array radar, and the SPY-7 radar is an upgrade from the earlier SPY-1E S-band radar, but technically It is still a passive phased-array radar, but has the technical capability to be upgraded to an active phased-array radar, but is essentially similar to the SPY-1E radar, with no special advantages.
"The main highlight of the Yamato is the weapons it carries. In addition to the Standard-3 and Standard-6 air defense missiles, the ship also carries a long-range cruise missile with a range of 1,000 kilometers, which was developed in Japan based on a Type 12 land-based anti-ship missile, and a modified version of Type 03 medium-range air defense missile from the Japanese Army. It has strong anti-aircraft, anti-submarine, and anti-ship multi-purpose combat capabilities.
In terms of technical parameters, in addition to aircraft carriers, probably only the Russian "Kirov" class guided missile cruiser can be compared with the Japanese "order and version of Yamato". So much so that the Japanese media are claiming that the largely guided missile destroyer applied for by the Japanese navy is a complete replica of the World War II-era battleship Yamato, using only missiles to replace the original super-large guns, but the basic idea remains unchanged, so some people sarcastically say that the new ship is likely to face the same fate as the Yamato. "The new ship is likely to face the same fate as the Yamato.
In sharp contrast to Japan's intention to build an "oversized Aegis", Japan's "godfather" the United States has begun to build frigates: according to the U.S. Naval Institute News Network, Italy's Fincantieri shipyard officially began building for the U.S. military "The first ship of the Constellation-class frigate FFG-62 Constellation.
According to the report, although the Constellation class is a frigate, its full load displacement is as high as 7,500 tons, even larger than the 052D guided missile destroyer being built in bulk by the Chinese Navy. During the Cold War, the U.S. Army built 51 Perry-class frigates, which were decommissioned from 1994 until 2015. The U.S. Army originally planned to use the LCS "Littoral Combat Ship" to replace the frigates, but finally found that it was not feasible at all, so the U.S. Army developed the "Constellation" class frigates to replace the LCS to ensure the size of the fleet.
According to reports, the U.S. Army ordered a full 20 "Constellation" class frigates, and the first ship "Constellation" is expected to be officially delivered to the U.S. Army in 2026. And this frigate's full load displacement of up to 7,500 tons has even exceeded the 052D destroyer, but the performance of the ship is everywhere "cheap" atmosphere: first of all, the ship was originally planned to be an "Aegis" ship, but to save money, the ship used But to save money, the ship used a three-sided array design, and the radar used the U.S.-made AN/SPY-6 (V3) type, which is not compatible with fire control radar and cannot directly guide the missile to carry out attacks. To save costs, the Constellation-class frigates were fitted with LM2500-30 engines, but only one of them was installed, along with four auxiliary diesel engines, and not even one backup gas turbine. The "Constellation" class frigate's maximum speed can only run to 26 knots, not as fast as China's 054A frigate, which can barely keep up with the aircraft carrier.
"The main weapons of the Constellation-class frigates are a 32-unit MK-41 missile vertical launch system, a 57mm main gun, four quadruple NSM supersonic anti-ship missiles, and a 21-unit Hiram point anti-aircraft missile, and a 64-unit vertical launch system for the 052D. The 052D is a bit weaker in firepower compared to the 64-unit vertical launch system, but it has a complete multi-purpose combat capability, which is not too outrageous.
But the cost of the ship is as high as $1.6 billion, and the construction cost of subsequent ships is expected to remain at about $1.4 billion. In comparison, the cost of the most advanced U.S. Army "Burke 3" class destroyer is only $1.8 billion, so it seems that the "Constellation" class frigate is too expensive ...... probably The U.S. Navy dares to use such high prices to equip "frigates".
It is easy to see from the changes in the construction of ships in the United States and Japan, that both seem to have fallen into some kind of trap, Japan is mainly nostalgic for the powerful "Japanese Empire" before World War II, so they hope to re-build the "order and version of the Yamato" to round their own "But as they say, times have changed! Even if Japan builds a huge destroyer of 26,000 tons, it will not fundamentally change the contrast between Japan and China and Russia and other countries' maritime power but will make Japan more isolated and more dangerous.
For the United States, due to the failure of the LCS Littoral Combat Ship project, the U.S. Navy now seriously lacks a "small" ship to maintain the size of the fleet, which is the origin of the "Constellation", but this 7,000-ton frigate really can not be associated with "The U.S. Navy is still falling into the trap of pursuing "big" weapons.
All in all, whether Japan plans to build the Yamato or the U.S.'s construction of the Constellation-class frigate, it shows that the U.S. and Japan's maritime strategies have deviated to the point that they are increasingly at a dead end in terms of weapons development and production, and This hope that a certain kind of weapon can turn around the strategic situation of the illusion is revealed in the U.S. and Japan and other countries in the national power are declining, the international influence of the shrinking situation, its government's inner anxiety.