Do people criticize "dictatorship" because they think it is wrong, or because they think it is inefficient relative to "democracy"?
On the advantages and disadvantages of "dictatorship" and "democracy"
The form of centralized power or the form of decentralized power depends on the current development needs of the country.
Whichever form is needed.
Among them, the advantage of centralizing power (centralization) is that power can be used quickly and effectively to open up the situation and implement policies. so that the country can develop rapidly.
Disadvantage 1: Without sufficient discussion, once the direction is wrong, the cost of trial and error is high.
Disadvantage 2: Too much power and too concentrated power can easily breed corruption.
Decentralization of power (decentralization) is the opposite: a policy is fully discussed and launched by representatives of all strata, and it is better to balance the interests of all parties. less corruption.
Disadvantage: Development is slow. It is difficult to adjust the direction, and the resistance to reform is huge.
For development, "democracy" is precisely inefficient. Therefore, many countries (or regions) have developed rapidly by taking advantage of centralization. For example, the rapid development of Singapore is due to Lee Kuan Yew. Although Singapore is also a multi-party democracy, it has a single party that dominates. And the power is concentrated and the means are severe. Engage in news control, patriarchy, nepotism, authoritarian regimes, and even hereditary in disguise.
Some people in the West have been accusing him of being an "authoritarian" or even a "dictatorship". Lee Kuan Yew publicly stated in tit for tat: "Never recognize the value of the West", his basic point is: We want democracy, but we want a democracy that suits Singapore and is beneficial to Singapore.
What he means here is the advantage, that is, not to blindly learn from the West, but to build the upper-level system on the basis of the economy, and first concentrate power to develop Singapore's economy. With an economic foundation, everything can be said. Without an economic foundation, talking about superstructures is just a castle in the air. With the economic foundation, the superstructure can be continuously improved and decorated.
He was very forward thinking and very alternative, but under his leadership, Singapore has indeed created an economic miracle. And many of his prophecies can be accurately fulfilled. It is rare.
However, although Singapore sings against the West on the issue of democracy, but because Singapore is politically pro-Western, so although he is not on the issue of democracy. It has been criticized by some people in the West, but has not been sanctioned by the government. On the contrary, it is valued and supported by the United States. This is his advantage.
The same is true of Taiwan Province, Taiwan's economic miracle is also Chiang Ching-kuo. Created by one-party rule. However, in his later years, he realized the terrible power of power and let go of the party ban. Taiwan is gradually moving towards multi-party politics. In recent years, the democratic atmosphere has been strong, but the economic level has gradually declined. It seems that you can't have both.
So is South Korea. The later promoter of South Korea's economic take-off was precisely the dictator Chun Doo-hwan, who was spurned by the Korean people.
South Korea vigorously supported the national industry with the national strength, and finally produced several major oligarchs. It also made several domestic chaebols powerful. And what really is uncertain about the current situation in South Korea is Park Chung-hee, who relied on a military coup earlier to come to power
After he came to power, he implemented a military dictatorship, formulated a series of measures, and finally contributed to the economic take-off of South Korea.
Not long after Park Chung-hee came to power, after the iron-blooded repression of the opposition parties, workers and students' movements to ensure social stability, he first embarked on a large-scale iron and steel smelting, road repair, electric wire and basic preparations for literacy.
After improving the quality of the people and the national infrastructure, Park Chung-hee imitated the Soviet Union and formulated a five-year plan to strengthen the development of the textile and cement industries, exchanging light industry for foreign exchange, and then for high-standard industrial equipment, as well as related technologies and talents. 's cultivation.
In order to ensure the uninterrupted implementation of the national policy he formulated, Park Chung-hee took some disgraceful means, re-elected the president, imposed a "national extraordinary martial law", dissolved the National Assembly, banned the activities of political parties, and took over the legislative, judicial and executive powers. In one suit, the people's attention and the country's resources are allocated to the economic development through centralized management.
In the state of very weak industrial foundation, the spontaneous force of the people cannot complete the rapid transformation of industrial construction, and the state's macro-control has carried out intensive allocation of limited resources. It can be said that South Korea's economic take-off was achieved under the high degree of government centralization, or even a dictatorship.
The development of Japan also benefited from the centralized rule. The earliest Meiji Restoration. It is the development of centralized power in the era of the Japanese emperor.
Rebuilt from the ruins after World War II. It also adopted a development system with high concentration of power, which made Japan rise rapidly after World War II. threatening U.S. interests. The joint suppression of the West led by the United States, coupled with the domestic economic problems in Japan, made its economy plummet, stagnant and stagnant.
If a backward country wants to surpass an advanced developed country, it must realize centralized power, centralized development, and start the mode of focusing and catching up. This is the only way for backward countries to catch up with advanced countries.
Although he has various problems. But these are all things that must be experienced in the development process. There are no shortcuts, no pie.
However, if we blindly pursue the economy and ignore democracy, it is easy to bring about internal dissatisfaction. Therefore, the best policy is to achieve a balance between the two. In the era of economic backwardness, vigorously develop the economy, and when the economy develops to a very strong point, we must turn back and take into account democracy.