Canada to ban single-use plastics by 2021
Bags, bottles and other single-use plastic items will be banned in Canada starting in 2021
Bags, bottles and other single-use plastic items will be banned in Canada starting in 2021.
"Plastic pollution is a global plague," Canadian Liberal leader Justin Trudeau told reporters in recent days, announcing that Canada will join the list of countries fighting to ban single-use plastics for the year. 2021. The Prime Minister noted that the precise list of products to be banned will be announced after scientific evaluations have been carried out.
"As parents, when we take children to the beach we have to look for sand that is not filled with plastic, bottles, or Styrofoam," she said.
Canada also aims to hold plastics producers, primarily "bottle makers," responsible for "the full life cycle" of their products, he said. In other words, your country will begin to require plastic bottle manufacturers to get involved in the recycling and recovery process, a battle that has been at the center of the debate from the beginning.
Manufacturers, as well as companies that use plastics, must have a recycling plan. "This change" is going to take the responsibility off the shoulders of the municipalities and "allow much greater recycling," added the prime minister.
Canada, France, Germany, United Kingdom, and Italy, as well as the European Union as a whole, signed a year ago, during the G7 summit in Quebec, a new letter against plastic pollution of the oceans. The United States and Japan abstained.
In that text, based on volunteering, the acceding countries and the EU committed to making 100% of plastics recyclable, recoverable and reusable worldwide by 2030.
Tons of waste
Since then, 21 countries have signed the agreement, according to Trudeau, and the EU has adopted legislation to ban the most common single-use plastic products, that is, about ten categories of articles that represent 70% of the waste that ends up. to beaches and oceans.
In Canada, many cities have already banned plastic bags, and some provinces have announced measures for other products, but "a national solution is needed," Trudeau said.
"Every year, Canadians throw away more than 3 million tons of plastic waste. This means a loss of value that can reach some 8,000 million dollars per year and constitutes a significant waste of resources and energy," said the head of government in a statement.
Recycling plastics will reduce pollution and create some 42,000 jobs in Canada, he said.
One million birds and more than 100,000 mammals worldwide suffer or die each year from being caught in the middle of plastic debris or eaten by mistaking them for food, the statement said.
Plastics are the main predators of the oceans
In the form of bottles, bags, or lids, plastics are the main predators of the oceans, show the organization Surfrider in a report released today (12) on pollution in five regions of France and Spain.
With the help of hundreds of volunteers, the non-governmental organization carried out the first census of waste that pollutes the beaches, the coastline, and the seabed, as part of an initiative that aims to collect and analyze data in Europe.
“Every day, 8 million tons of waste ends up in the ocean. Eighty percent of the pollution that affects our seas is of terrestrial origin and results from human activity, with terrible repercussions on biodiversity and the environment as a whole ”, highlights the president of Surfrider Foundation Europe, Gilles Asenjo, in a statement.
Plastic makes up “more than 80%” of waste in most of the five locations analyzed, notes the organization.
At Burumendi beach, in Mutriku (Spain), for example, 96.6% of the waste is plastic and polystyrene, which represents 94.5% of the 10,884 waste collected at La Barre beach, in Anglet, in the Atlantic Pyrenees.
Plastic and polystyrene were also found en masse on the beach at Porsmilin, in Locmaria-Plouzané, in Finistère (Spain), with a weight of 83.3% of the total of 2,945 residues collected during the four material collection campaigns.
At Murguia beach in San Sebastian (Spain), plastic and polystyrene represented 61% of the collected materials, of which 18% are glass.
Glass predominates on Inpernupe beach, in Zumaia (Spain), representing almost half (47.9%), against the weight of 29.1% of plastics and polystyrene.
In addition to plastic materials, volunteers collected ropes, nets, cigarettes, food packaging, lids, capsules, glass bottles, and even sanitary waste from different locations.
For each location, Surfrider made a list of the main waste collected.
“At this point, they are the first indications that give us a general perception of European statistics,” said Asenjo, adding that, from Great Britain to the Basque Country, plastic waste is the main predator of the ocean ”, because“ it takes hundreds of years to disappear ”, unlike other materials such as wood or cardboard.
"When they are not at our feet on the beach, they are ingested by marine animals, which suffocate, not to mention the toxic substances they release and in which we bathe, and their possible integration in the food chain".