Britain under Roman time
About 7-8 years ago, I came across a travel program about North England when people introduced the Hadrian's Wall (Hadrian's Wall), a wall built in Roman times by Emperor Hadrian.
So I fell in love with the wall right away. Not because it is Roman, but because it has been standing there for nearly 2000 years and the scenery is beautiful.
🌷Before the Romans invaded this island, Britain was a disjointed collection of different Celts tribes. They also fight often and often live in clusters of people on the hills surrounded by a moat.
Julie first Roman army to cross the sea to England was from Julius Caesar in 55 BC. Caesar was not very successful in this campaign, but it was considered an achievement because the Romans considered Britain a mysterious country that could not be real, like Gaul (France) is the edge of the world. and the other side of the sea doesn't know-how 😛. When Caesar sent a report, the Institute of Elders celebrated it by giving people 20 days off (I heard that but didn't know if the 20-day case was real 😊).
In 54 BC, Caesar returned a second time and this time it had more success. Opposition tribes surrendered after losing the battle and agreed to pay an annual tribute. Caesar withdrew all troops to Gaul to handle the riot. Because no one was under house arrest, Britain's tribes were free to live for nearly 100 more years.
In 43 AD, Emperor Claudius invaded Britain successfully and turned this place into a Roman province, named Britannia. Later emperors such as Vespasian, Domitian (son of Vespasian) and Antoninus Pius continued to expand Roman territory on the island to the north, capturing even part of Caledonia (today's Scotland). The Romans built cities, towns and roads throughout England. Many cities in the UK today still have Roman ruins like Bath or York. Every town with the name 'caster' or 'Chester' was once a Roman town, such as Doncaster, Colchester or Cirencester ...
For more than 350 years the Romans here (from 43 to 410), the Roman territory was mainly located south of Hadrian's Wall. Although many times the Romans invaded as far as the Northern highlands or temporarily seized the land bordering England in the South, the Romans barely left any mark in Scotland. How could the British king later conquer Scotland? 😜).
🍁Did you know, London was first created by the Romans?
When the Romans arrived in England in 43 AD, they found a clearing on the banks of the River Thames. Recognizing a strategic location with the potential to be a transport hub of this land, they built here a city called Londinium. In 60-61, Londinium was completely destroyed after the uprising of several Celts tribes with the head being Boudica, wife of the Iceni tribal leader. Uprising failed. The Romans rebuilt Londinium in a Roman style, complete with arenas, forums and walls. Today London still remains some ancient wall fragments, remnants of the old city walls. You can find a piece of that wall near the Tower of London, behind Tower Hill Station. Museum of London (Museum of London) is a museum specializing in the history of the city located on London Wall, the road was built on the wall of the former city.
🌷The imprint of the Romans in England lies in intangible values. Prior to the Roman period, all that was known about the island's history was based on archaeological results, since the Celts of that time had no writing, so did not record anything. The Romans, by contrast, worked hard to record history, including the lands they occupied. I read somewhere, I don't know if it's true, that the Celts thought that writing was not good for memory 😛. At least we know they didn't record anything, and so we still don't know for sure what purpose Stone Henge was built for.