Nordstrom is an American retail department store chain, founded in 1901 by John W. Nordstrom and Carl F. Wallin. It opened as a clothing shop and then a full-line accessories, boots, handbags, watches, luggage, beauty, and fragrance shops chain. Several shops sell home furnishings and wedding stores, while some provide in-house cafes, restaurants, and bars with espresso. By 2020, Nordstrom has 117 outlets in 40 U.S. states, three Canadian provinces and Puerto Rico. Company headquarters and flagship store are housed in the former Frederick & Nelson building in Seattle, Washington; a second flagship store is located in New York's Columbus Circle. Many divisions include the department store chain Nordstrom Rack off-price, and the members-only membership retailer HauteLook. John W. Nordstrom was born in the northern Swedish town of Luleå on 15 February 1871. In 1887 Nordstrom immigrated to the USA at the age of 16. His birth name was Johan Nordström, and John Nordstrom was later anglicised. Since arrival in New York, he decided to live in Michigan, and was able to raise enough funds to buy an 81,000 m2 potato farm in Arlington, Washington. In 1897 he entered the Klondike Gold Rush within Canada's Yukon Territory. Following two years of prospecting he finally struck gold but sold out his contested claim for $13,000. He returned to Seattle with his inherited wealth, married Hilda Carlson in 1900, and sought a business undertaking. He eventually decided to open a shoe shop called Wallin & Nordstrom in 1901. The director of the shoe repair shop next door was co-founder of the store, Carl F. Wallin. John and Hilda had five sons in the family business, Everett W., Elmer J, three of whom would join him in. Both Nordstrom both Lloyd N. Nordstrom FSB, a wholly-owned Nordstrom subsidiary, Inc., are federally chartered savings banks that trade as Nordstrom Bank. It was founded in 1991, in Scottsdale, Arizona, with its market touch centre in Centennial, Colorado. Formerly known as Nordstrom National Credit Union, Nordstrom FSB changed its name into Nordstrom FSB in March 2000. The bank offers a variety of financial and loan options including Nordstrom Visa VISA, Nordstrom discount credit and debit cards, interest-bearing deposits, cash cards, and certificates of deposit. It offers Nordstrom gift cards under the Nordstrom Rewards customer rewards programme where customers earn points by making deals with other stores with the Nordstrom token. Other rewards include Nordstrom Notes that are traded for new products or used in shops as currency, and the Nordstrom Signature VISA card also has an exclusive Travel / Leisure rewards component. The Nordstrom Reward package features 4 rating rates based on overall purchases and offers multiple incentive incentives to gain double, triple and even ten-time points throughout the year. On 2 February 2017, Bloomberg News announced Nordstrom would stop selling Ivanka Trump's company apparel collection, blaming weak results. The store is cutting 10 per cent of the worst-performing items per year. Nordstrom's decision came amid a push to prohibit the sale of Trump-family product products in supermarkets. President Donald Trump responded with a letter addressed to Nordstrom, blaming the store for caring about his family. In the aftermath of the release, the shares of the firm dropped by 0.65% before the day ended with an gain of over 4%. Fortune declared this dramatic change in the company to have ended Trump's "tweet ban." In October 2017 Nordstrom launched the first "Nordstrom Local" in West Hollywood which is intended to concentrate on neighbourhood retail which luxury, rather than merchandising. Nordstrom Inc.'s founding family, who owned 31.2 per cent of the firm, revealed they would take Nordstrom private in June 2017. The family suspended its operations in October due to difficulty completing a financing strategy. Lenders requested a 13 per cent interest rate, nearly double the current market rate.