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Say NO to tobacco

by Monmohan 10 months ago in health
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Tobacco is a potentially lethal companion. Tobacco must be avoided.

Say NO to tobacco
Photo by Mathew MacQuarrie on Unsplash

Introduction

Tobacco is the leading preventable cause of death and disability, killing approximately 6 million people worldwide each year, which is more compared to combined deaths due to tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and malaria, with 50% of these are in just four countries China, India, the United States, and Russia.

According to WHO estimates, each 5-6 seconds one person dies of tobacco use, people who started tobacco use and continue during their younger years die 20-25 years before for two decades than non-tobacco users, and there 100 million premature tobacco-related deaths globally during the 20th century and if it smoking continues, number approximately one should rise to one billion in the 21st century.

World No-Tobacco

Day’ is being observed on 31

By Dylan Fout on Unsplash

Tobacco use

Tobacco was originally thought to possess medicinal qualities and continues to be mentioned as a ‘Forgotten healing plant’ in some texts, but there have been some who considered it evil. Over time, people and scientists understood its harmful effects.

Of the entire annual production of tobacco (about 800 million kg) produced in India (second largest after China’s 2,800 million kg), about 48% is employed as chewing tobacco, 38% as bidis, and only 14% as cigarettes; bidis and chewing tobacco forming bulk (86%) of India’s tobacco production. as compared, within the remainder of the planet, the production of cigarettes is around 90% of the total production of tobacco-related products.

Smoking tobacco

According to the Global Burden of Disease study published in Lancet, India was among the top 10 countries accounting for nearly 2/3rd (63.6%) of tobacco smokers in 2015. consistent with a recent WHO report, tobacco sends $1 trillion up in smoke per annum.

Tobacco smoking in any form poses significant health risk counting on dosage: risk being greater for those that start smoking earlier in life, smoke for more number years, smoke more cigarettes/ the other smoking form (especially with higher tar content) per day, smoke for extended durations and inhale more volume of smoke.

Tobacco products being one among two categories (other being alcoholic beverages) exempt from labeling, their ingredients are usually laden with quite 600 intentional additives, though approved to be used by FDA-GRAS, but not in products intended to be burnt/inhaled, as burning may alter these additives into potentially harmful/carcinogenic products.

By Conscious Design on Unsplash

Smoking tobacco forms

Cigarettes are made out of cut processed tobacco leaves with white book wrapping. Historically, while West Indians, Aztecs, and Mayans had used hollow reeds/canes/maize to fashion cylindrical tobacco-holders, an Egyptian artilleryman during Turk/Egyptian war is credited with inventing cigarettes as we all know it today. it's said that in the siege of Acre (1799), Egyptian cannon-crew had improved the rate of fireside by rolling gunpowder in paper tubes and were rewarded with a pound of tobacco.

Since their sole pipe was broken, they took to rolling pipe tobacco in the, and therefore the invention spread among Egyptian and Turkish soldiers. Later during Crimean War (1853-1856), British soldiers learned about cheap and convenient cigarettes (‘Papirossi’) employed by their Turkish allies and brought the practice to England.

  • Bidi (Poor man’s cigarette) is believed to possess been created when tobacco workers rolled leftover tobacco in leaves.
  • The Cigar may be a tightly-rolled bundle of dried and fermented whole tobacco leaves, rolled during a series of types and sizes.
  • Hookah may be a big version of the pipe with a water container at its base through which the smoke bubbles before it reaches the smoker’s mouth.
  • Chillum may be a straight conical pipe with an end-to-end channel, traditionally shaped out of fired clay with a chillum stone − very similar to screen/filter in other pipes − often inserted to stop direct inhaling of debris.
  • A ‘Pipe’ comprises a chamber for tobacco from which a hollow stem emerges, ending during a mouthpiece.

Major adverse health effects of tobacco use

As it contains aggressive components of tobacco smoke include nicotine, a strong addictive, psychoactive drug that causes physical and psychological dependency; carbon monoxide gas, a colorless, odorless, and tasteless toxic gas which will cause direct tissue damage/hypoxia due to its high affinity for hemoglobin.

Smoking accounts for quite 30% of all deaths from cancer, almost 90% of deaths from carcinoma, and about 75% of deaths from bronchitis and emphysema. Passive smoke is taken into account more dangerous than active smoking because one could inhale toxin deposits of the smoker(s).

Non-smoker(s), who accept smoker(s) and inhale passive/environmental tobacco smoke, albeit they'll never have smoked one cigarette, increase their risk of carcinoma by 20-30%. Smoking (active/passive) can have many adverse effects during a child’s development and growth. many children, without having freedom of choice, still be dangerously exposed to passive smoking ever since their conception. Since children have a greater ventilation rate than adults, they receive proportionally greater doses during exposure because they inhale more polluting elements on a weight basis.

Milk of lactating mothers exposed to active/ passive tobacco smoke contains many of its components (nicotine, benzene, formaldehyde, cyanide, carbon monoxide, etc.) which will be transferred to the nursing infant and cause adverse effects. Maternal smoking can also alter the composition of maternal milk and reduced prolactin and milk production resulting in early weaning. all types of STPs and nicotine are extremely toxic to the whole physical body. STPs kept under lips/tongue cause burns locally. Besides, prolonged tobacco use in any form is associated with an increased risk of cancer and lots of other health hazards.

health

About the author

Monmohan

I have always believed that process is more important than results.

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