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Nietzsche: Why Truths Are Illusions?

by Som Dutt 8 months ago in celebrities · updated 6 months ago
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What Is Nietzsche’s Stand On Truth, Illusions & Belief

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Nietzsche is a very popular, intelligent, and the most important thinker of our time. He rejects all kinds of answers to absolutism and universally bounded philosophical questions such as What is life, the meaning of life, knowledge, truth, reality, and existence? How should we conduct ourselves and govern ourselves? Because these universally bounded answers somehow have a dogmatic approach. We cannot totally believe and totally rely upon all of them.

“What then is truth? A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and anthropomorphisms: in short, a sum of human relations which have been poetically and rhetorically intensified, transferred, and embellished, and which, after long usage, seem to a people to be fixed, canonical, and binding. Truths are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions — they are metaphors that have become worn out and have been drained of sensuous force, coins which have lost their embossing and are now considered as metal and no longer as coins.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche

He argues what we so-called truths are errors, illusions, and false statements manufactured by humans. Humans believe in these errors, illusions, and false statements (so-called truths) because they help in the survival of the human species. Humans have believed them 100% real truth, and this has become their absolute reality and universal truth. Humans get trapped in these errors, illusions, and false statements (so-called truths) so blindly that they have stopped thinking of them as actual false statements, illusions theories, errors, and perspectives.

“What is the truth, but a lie agreed upon.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche

What he hates about this system is the hidden dogmatism. Dogmatism is inherited in the system of belief. Dogmatism says this is the real and only truth. You have to believe it. It is superior to all other perspectives and interests.

“I mistrust all systematizers and avoid them. the will to a system is a lack of integrity.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche, Twilight of the Idols

These errors, illusions, and false statements (so-called truths) are not absolute truth and reality, but they are just commonsensical truths.

These viewpoints are not made on the basis of ―

How logical they are?

How universally valid they are?

How accurately it reflects our reality?

But they are only determined on the basis of ―

How necessary is it to understand the world How much do they help in our survival?

How much do they come under our subtle general interest?

How suitable they are to our value system and daily life problems?

Is it supporting our belief system or what we want to believe or not?

“All things are subject to interpretation. Whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is a function of power and not truth.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche

All the world views, theories, and so-called truths are just an attempt to organize the human experience so that humans can dominate and control our Environment. Rational thought is just an interpretation of a scheme that we cannot throw off because it helps us. We have rejected those theories that do not helpful for our survival (even though they were reflecting the reality in a deep sense) and provide us with any benefits to society. These truths are only beneficial for a particular form of life, but it does not touch life entirely. These truths do not provide any real solutions to the hard and complex philosophical and psychological concerns, that is why most of the biggest philosophical questions have not been answered yet.

“Sometimes people don’t want to hear the truth because they don’t want their illusions destroyed.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche

When this belief system becomes strong, we become the slave of this truth, and we start serving that truth instead of truth should serve us. These views theories, errors, illusions, and false statements (so-called truths) promotes certain kind of value system and belief that can be harmful for understanding the reality itself

“You have your way. I have my way. As for the right way, the correct way, and the only way, it does not exist.”

― Friedrich Nietzsche


About the author

Som Dutt

I write on Philosophy

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