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Heart failure is scary

by Lawani O 2 months ago in body
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Four chances to prevent heart failure

Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of human health, and heart failure is one of the most deadly of these diseases, with a very high mortality rate that has ravaged almost the entire world.

Nowadays, as China is gradually entering an aging population, the prevalence of heart failure is at the top of the list, resulting in huge pressure on social and medical resources, and even if the state wants to take care of everyone, it is difficult to take care of them all.

The body is our own, and if we can all learn about heart failure prevention, we may be able to nip the disease in the bud.

Ms. Lu is 67 years old, a retired worker, working for more than a few decades, abiding by her duties and dedicating her life to her career, and doing some guidance and auxiliary work in the factory after entering retirement, but Ms. Lu has been neglecting her health condition, and did not want to suddenly and violently shortness of breath one day, directly fainted at home, and was immediately sent to the hospital for a check-up, and found that Ms. Lu had suffered from coronary heart disease. A coronary radiogram showed that the blockage of the anterior descending branch of Ms. Lu's heart and the right coronary artery was close to 80%, making her condition very serious.

Coronary artery disease is not terrible, what is terrible is the heart failure caused by coronary artery disease, if by the time acute heart failure occurs, even timely treatment may not be able to save her.

Ms. Lu was immediately scheduled for coronary tenting, which stabilized her condition. Afterward, when Ms. Lu's children asked what could be done to prevent this horrific heart failure, the doctor explained and warned that heart failure gives everyone four chances to prevent it! Before learning about the opportunities for prevention, the doctor gave a talk on heart failure.

I. Where does heart failure come from

Heart failure is referred to as heart failure. When the diastolic and systolic functions of the heart are affected or the pressure on the heart is too great, it can easily lead to heart failure, with bruising of various organs and tissues in the body and a series of fatal symptoms. The main causes of heart failure fall into the following two categories.

1. Primary heart muscle damage

It includes myocardial lesions and myocardial metabolic disorders. Myocardial lesions are mainly caused by atherosclerosis in the coronary arteries, which blocks the blood supply, and infarction, as well as myocardium and cardiomyopathy, can lead to heart failure.

There are also secondary symptoms of other metabolic diseases that can affect the heart muscle, such as abnormal thyroid function, which can reduce the diastolic contraction capacity of the heart and prevent it from performing its normal ejection function.

2. Overload of the heart

The first is pressure overload, which means that the heart is under too much pressure to contract.

Common causes of pressure overload in the left ventricle are hypertension, aortic stenosis, and the right ventricle, which is connected to the blood vessels in the lungs, mainly due to pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary valve stenosis, both of which make it difficult for blood to eject and thus pool in the ventricle, which not only overloads the heart but also leads to ischemia and asphyxia in other parts of the body.

The second is ventricular volume overload, which is the excessive rush of blood into the ventricles when the heart is diastolic.

When the heart is diastolic, the blood that was originally injected into the aorta during contraction will flow back into the heart again due to the negative pressure of the incomplete closure, leading to stasis of blood in various parts and organs over time. In addition, there are also causes of pulmonary valve insufficiency and mitral and bicuspid valve insufficiency.

The presence of heart failure

In short, heart failure is the result of the development of many diseases.

Ms. Lu in the article was suffering from myocardial ischemia due to severe coronary artery disease. It took a moment of viral infection to develop, a sudden lack of blood supply to t, the brain, and fainting, which would have caused heart failure if the disease had never been identified. When questioned by the doctor, her children also revealed that Ms. Lu had worked hard for decades at her job without taking any rest and that her diet was high in oil and salt, resulting in her weight gain and obesity.

Based on these words, it makes sense that Ms. Lu's prevention of heart failure was not done properly from the very beginning.

Second, remember the four opportunities for prevention

The heart is the commander of the human body and its protection is imperative. Although heart failure comes like a tiger, it is not inevitable. Several experts have discussed and stressed that there are four opportunities to prevent heart failure in a person's lifetime. No matter what stage of life you are in, there are considerable benefits.

Take your medication on time

First prevention.

The first prevention is the method of preventing heart failure before it happens. When the body is still in a state of complete health, measures must be taken to discipline oneself strictly, mainly by adhering to good lifestyle habits.

Diet: Do not overindulge in salt and oil and do not overeat. Both oil and salt can make blood lipids abnormal and blood thicken, and make blood vessels less elastic and blood pressure higher. This in turn will accelerate the lesion of blood vessels and form aromatherapist plaques, slowly developing heart disease and giving heart failure a chance to take advantage.

Life: Avoid smoking and drinking, and exercise regularly. According to a survey, the morbidity and mortality rate of smokers is several times higher than that of non-smokers, and even second-hand smokers are not immune. Both smoking and drinking can damage the endothelial blood vessels, resulting in vascular inflammation and fibrous reactions, which provide the conditions for plaque formation.

Regular exercise boosts the metabolism and can reduce the chances of disease, which in turn prevents many underlying conditions.

Second prevention.

When the first prevention is not done, many underlying diseases can creep in. At this point, the first prevention should be adhered to even more rigorously than before. The time has also come for the second prevention: a major effort to target these underlying conditions, which is a timely remedy.

While hypertension, hyperglycemia, and hyperglycemia are still at an early stage, it is important to actively reduce weight, lower blood pressure, control sugar intake, and lower blood lipids. This step is aimed at cutting off harmful factors in the development of various diseases and improving the patient's physical condition, thus achieving a lower chance of developing heart disease and avoiding heart failure.

Third prevention.

If you are already suffering from coronary heart disease, myocardium, and other heart diseases, the most important thing about third prevention is to prevent recurrent myocardial infarction, which occurs many times and is the final step towards heart failure. First of all: patients should take care of these heart diseases as a class, to control their condition, take their medication reasonably and on time, and stabilize the development of the underlying disease.

If necessary, surgery for thrombolytic or bypass should be performed without delay, while patients with myocardium should keep warm to prevent infection and take medication for anti-inflammatory purposes as prescribed by the doctor. Finally, maintaining a light diet and not being overly emotional can effectively prevent the condition from deteriorating.

Fourth prevention.

This prevention is for all types of advanced heart disease. When the disease progresses to an advanced stage it can easily induce acute heart failure, and acute heart failure can be converted to chronic heart failure after it is cured, so the fourth prevention is also for heart failure.

In addition to stabilizing your condition, it is important to keep an eye on your body: the typical symptoms of acute heart failure are extreme shortness of breath and coughing up pink, frothy sputum. In chronic heart failure, symptoms such as edema, breathlessness, and even mental abnormalities may occur, and it is important to seek immediate medical attention when these problems arise.

It seems that Ms. Lu's current condition calls for a fourth preventative measure, so knowing the detailed symptoms of heart failure is of paramount importance.

III. What are the symptoms of heart failure?

1) Difficulty in breathing

When heart failure appears, the first symptom that manifests itself is difficulty in breathing. In acute heart failure, when the contractility of the heart decreases, the increase in diastolic blood volume of the left ventricle leads to an increase in pulmonary venous pressure, which results in the leakage of fluid from the capillaries in the interstitial space and alveolar of the lungs, preventing the normal exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide, the patient will experience dyspepsia with an urgent sense of suffocation and panic; in chronic heart failure, pulmonary stasis leads to dyspepsia when the patient performs physical work In chronic heart failure, dyspepsia may occur at night when the patient lies down to rest, and the patient may suddenly wake up and be forced to sit up.

2) Coughing and sputum

Acute heart failure is characterized by frequent coughing and coughing up pink, foamy, bloody sputum; chronic heart failure leads to intense coughing and coughing with white, foamy sputum during exertion.

3) Demand

Blood blockage in the lungs subsequently affects the return of blood throughout the body. Reduced urine output and increased venous pressure can lead to obstruction of tissue fluid return and exudation, causing tissue edema. Due to the effects of gravity, patients may first develop edema in the lower parts of the body, such as the inner and outer ankles of the feet, and in severe cases, subsequently throughout the body, as well as hypnosis due to lack of oxygen.

4) Symptoms of bruising

Prolonged bruising of the organ tissues affects the normal function of the gastrointestinal tissues, leading to nausea, vomiting, and inability to eat; when the kidneys are affected, the patient has symptoms of increased nocturnal and scanty urination; when the liver is bruised, the jugular vein is seen to fill up when the liver is pressed.

It is helpful to know the grade of cardiac function to distinguish the patient's heart condition.

Grade I: The patient's activity is not restricted.

Grade II: There are symptoms of lung problems, palpitations, angina, and other problems, but they are relieved with a little rest.

Grade III: The above symptoms occur with a little activity and are only relieved somewhat with prolonged rest.

Grade IV: The above symptoms of heart failure may occur even at rest, and may be aggravated by physical activity.

Depending on the classification, appropriate treatment and resuscitation can be taken. Even if heart failure eventually occurs, patients should be positive, adjust their mental state, accept treatment and never lose confidence, and family members should also pay attention to their own words and actions and take care of the patient's psychological feelings.

Ms. Lu should follow her doctor's advice at home and keep this knowledge in mind in her spare time to save her life before the disease strikes. Life is just a few dozen years, so don't squander your energy and life willy-billy. There is still so much beauty in the world waiting for us, and instead of ending up suffering from illness, we should take precautions and leave our energy to do what we want to do!

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Lawani O

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