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Dangers Of Aspirin: Studies Show Health Risks Associated With Regular Drug Use

While there are some benefits in taking aspirin, there are also risks involved, especially if taken every day.

By Odedele BadiruPublished 2 years ago 6 min read

Every day, millions of people take over-the-counter aspirin to lower fevers or treat headaches. Aspirin has certain advantages, but it also carries hazards, particularly if taken frequently.

Although some studies suggest that taking aspirin on a daily basis can help prevent against illnesses, others reveal that it actually causes more harm than good. According to recent research from StudyFinds.org, aspirin can cause liver damage in some hospital patients and raises the risk of heart failure and early death from cancer in older persons.

The key inquiry is whether the advantages exceed the hazards. Seven health hazards associated with aspirin use have been identified recently by investigations.

Daily Aspirin Usage Could Have Negative Effects.

According to a study from the University of Georgia, many Americans' assumptions about the preventive heart advantages of aspirin are based on out-of-date evidence from decades ago that isn't entirely reliable today. In fact, according to the study's authors, taking one aspirin every day may be detrimental to your health unless you've previously had a heart attack or stroke.

"We shouldn't just assume that everyone will benefit from low-dose aspirin," says study author and researcher Mark Ebell, "and the data actually shows that the potential benefits are similar to the potential harms for most people who have not had a cardiovascular event and are taking it to try to prevent a first heart attack or stroke."

Ebell claims that by the standards of modern medicine, aspirin's risks may outweigh its benefits after evaluating decades' worth of studies on its use and consequences. He continues, "There are so many things we're doing better now that lessen the risk of cardiovascular and colorectal cancer, which leaves less to be done by aspirin.

Before starting a daily aspirin regimen, Ebell advises anyone who is worried about their heart health but hasn't actually experienced a heart attack or stroke to speak with their doctor about the best course of action.

Aspirin Shouldn't be taken by Elderly to Avoid Heart Disease.

According to a study, those over 60 should refrain from using aspirin as a heart disease preventative. The risk of internal bleeding, according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), surpasses any potential advantages for senior persons.

The USPSTF gave aspirin use for people aged 40 to 59 a "C" rating. In this situation, taking aspirin to avoid heart disease, it signifies that the team is in favor of the treatment's use for specific individuals and that scientists are quite confident that patients would experience a slight benefit.

However, the experts gave aspirin use to prevent heart disease in people over 60 a "D." This indicates that the USPSTF opposes the practice because they think "the hazards exceed the benefits.

" According to the most recent research, Michael Barry, M.D., vice chair of the task force, "the Task Force advises against persons 60 and older starting to take aspirin to prevent a first heart attack or stroke." "The potential risks of aspirin use in this age group cancel out the advantages because the risk of internal bleeding rises with age."

May Raise the Possibility of Cardiac Failure

According to studies by the European Society of Cardiology, using aspirin increases the chance of heart failure in patients who already have a health risk of any kind. They include smoking, being overweight, having diabetes, high blood pressure, or cardiovascular disease.

The team discovered that aspirin users saw a 26 percent increase in the likelihood of receiving a heart failure diagnosis in a trial of over 31,000 patients at risk for the condition. Anyone with a pre-existing medical condition was deemed "at risk" by researchers.

The readings between aspirin users and non-users were compared by the study's authors to corroborate their findings. They also looked at the 22,690 research participants, or 74% of the population, who had no cardiovascular illness and discovered that taking aspirin increased their risk of heart failure by 27%.

According to research author Dr. Blerim Mujaj of the University of Freiburg, "This is the first study to reveal that among persons with at least one risk factor for heart failure, those taking aspirin were more likely to eventually develop the illness than those not using the medicine."

Can Trigger Liver Damage in Hospital Patients

Aspirin and other common medications can harm the liver in hospital patients. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), which also include ibuprofen and naproxen, have been linked in studies to liver damage. Chinese experts caution that both doctors and patients need to be aware of their risks.

The most vulnerable patients are those with excessive cholesterol, cardiovascular illness, pre-existing liver disease, and a history of previous procedures. The conclusions are based on a review of 156,570 patients' healthcare records.

According to Dr. DaiHong Guo, corresponding author from the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital in Beijing, "our results showed that the incidence in hospital patients was 13 times greater than that of the general population in mainland China." The frequency of liver damage from several medicines has been alarmingly high.

Aspirin Increases Likelihood of Early Death Due to Cancer in Older Adults

According to a study, older people who take aspirin regularly may experience early death and cancer progression. The study was the first to compare low-dose aspirin in healthy older individuals in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

According to research, taking aspirin increases the risk of being diagnosed with cancer by 19%. Doctors are 22 percent more likely to discover an advanced form of cancer. Those who take aspirin are also more likely to pass away from advanced malignancies.

According to senior author Andrew Chan, deaths were notably high among aspirin users who had been diagnosed with advanced solid malignancies, raising the possibility that aspirin may have a negative impact on the progression of cancer in older persons.

"Although these data indicate that we should exercise caution when initiating aspirin therapy in otherwise healthy older adults, this does not imply that those who are currently taking aspirin—particularly if they started taking it at an earlier age—should cease doing so."

Does not Lower Risk of Dementia in Older People

According to research in the journal Neurology, aspirin at modest dosages had no positive effects on the brain. Aspirin consumption on a daily basis was predicted to lessen the risk of dementia by lowering blood clots and brain inflammation.

19.114 participants were tracked for nearly five years in the study. The majority of individuals were over 70 and had no history of dementia or heart disease. The elders underwent thinking and memory tests throughout the study to monitor their mental health.

There was no difference between the two groups in terms of who began to experience mental impairments, despite the fact that some of the patients received low-dose aspirin and some received a placebo.

According to research author Joanne Ryan of Monash University's School of Public Health in Melbourne, Australia, "unfortunately, our large study indicated that a daily low-dose aspirin gave no advantage to study participants at either preventing dementia or reducing cognitive decline."

Won't Prevent Older Folks From Aging Healthily

Doctors may advise taking an aspirin daily in patients who are at risk of having a heart attack, but there doesn't seem to be much justification for healthy older persons to take the medication. Researchers at Rush University in Chicago discovered that taking low dosages of aspirin daily has no impact on seniors over 70 who are aging healthily.

This means that, in otherwise healthy people, taking 100 milligrams of the medication daily had no effect on preventing dementia or physical limitations.

The large-scale multinational trial, which started in 2010, focused on the dangers and potential advantages of low-dose aspirin for older persons who had not previously experienced cardiovascular events such heart attacks, mental or physical disability, or medical disorders necessitating aspirin use.

The chance of dying from a variety of illnesses, such as cancer and heart disease, varied substantially throughout the experiment and would require more investigation in follow-up studies. They also discovered that aspirin did not extend what they call "healthy independent living."

Even if these studies suggest that taking aspirin can have some negative consequences, you should always consult a doctor before deciding whether or not to use the over-the-counter medication. Never discontinue taking a drug that has been prescribed without first consulting your doctor.


About the Creator

Odedele Badiru

Odedele Badru is a freelance content marketer who promotes growth of businesses. His articles have appeared on a number of websites, including BusinessDaily, Entrepreneur. He holds both a marketing and public relations diploma and an MBA.

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