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Why did Soviet troops invade Afghanistan in 1979? Kill Amin, the supreme leader of Afghanistan?

by test 2 months ago in history
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Hafizola Amin, August 1, 1929 - December 27, 1979, Paghman, Kabul. Supreme Leader of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

September 14, 1979 - December 27, 1979, General Secretary of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, September 14, 1979 - December 27, 1979, Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Committee of Afghanistan, March 27, 1979 - 1979 On December 27, 2008, he was appointed chairman of the Afghan Council of Ministers. In 1965, he joined the Afghan People's Democratic Party. In 1967, after the People's Democratic Party split, he led the People's Party. In April 1978, the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan launched a military coup to overthrow the Daoud government, changing the country's name to the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, with Taraki in power. Amin quickly rose to No. 2.

After that, Amin and Taraki obviously had different political opinions, and the two had a deep grievance. After a careful plan, Amin launched a coup and killed Taraki, the supreme leader of the party and the country. However, Amin's coming to power directly violated the interests of the Soviet Union in Afghanistan. In December 1979, the Soviet Union sent troops to invade the Amin Palace and executed Amin. Afghan war broke out.

against Soviet control

After Amin came to power, although he still sang "the unbreakable friendly and fraternal relationship between Afghanistan and the Soviet Union", because Afghanistan still needs the assistance of the Soviet Union economically and militarily. But Amin was always concerned about the KGB assassination and further Soviet control of Afghanistan.

When he summoned the Soviet ambassador Pranov for the first time after the coup, he warned him about the plot to assassinate him and told the Soviet leaders: I hope the Soviet Union will not continue to interfere in the internal affairs of Afghanistan. If the Soviet government does not accept this "advisement" ”, he will have to follow the example of President Sadat of Egypt and make decisions to expel Soviet advisers, Soviet military delegations and Soviet troops, and even to abolish the Soviet-Afghan Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation, which may eventually lead to the breakdown of relations between the two countries.

Subsequently, Amin strengthened the purge of pro-Soviet forces and took a series of measures to weaken the Soviet Union's control over Afghanistan. But this must not make the Soviet Union give up Afghanistan. The Soviet Union strengthened its support for the pro-Soviet forces in the Afghan People's Democratic Party, the Afghan Armed Forces and the intelligence services. At the same time, the Soviet Union actively and secretly planned to overthrow Amin.

In view of the urgency of the situation, Amin decided to give the Soviets a public warning and try to drive away their nemesis, Pranov, to make them restrained.

On October 16, 1979, the Afghan Foreign Minister Shah Wali was ordered by Amin to specially summon the envoys of the socialist countries to reveal to them the truth of the Soviet ambassador Pranov’s plan to murder Amin and its process (“Nine. 14" People's Palace Fire and Incident). The public outcry in Afghanistan and the world put the Soviet government in a very embarrassing situation. Soon, the Afghan government formally asked the Soviet government to recall Ambassador Pranov, who had been engaged in subversive activities in Afghanistan.

In November of the same year, the Soviet Union was forced to reassign Tabiev as the Soviet ambassador to Afghanistan, but it stepped up plans to overthrow Amin. At the same time, Soviet leaders repeatedly asked Amin to visit Moscow, where the two sides exchanged views to clear up misunderstandings and discuss how to deal with the guerrillas. But Amin excused the urgency of the internal crisis in Afghanistan and could not get away, and repeatedly politely declined the invitation to visit the Soviet Union.

In fact, he was afraid of being placed under house arrest after going to Moscow, or of instigating a coup while he was away. Amin also firmly rejected the repeated demands of the Soviet government to recall the former No. 2 figure of the People's Democracy Party, the pro-Soviet Babrak Karmel, from abroad to serve as the leader of the party and government, and to assist him in handling the internal affairs of the People's Democratic Party and state affairs.

At the same time, Muslim tribal armed forces opposed to the central government have developed rapidly, affecting 23 of the country's 28 provinces, and the power of the Afghan government has long been seriously threatened. The Brezhnev government of the Soviet Union was not only afraid of the expansion of the power of the anti-Soviet Amin, but also of an Iranian-style "Islamic revolution" in Afghanistan.

In early December 1979, the Soviet Union sent an alternate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the first deputy minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Soviet Union, and the important leader of the KGB, Lieutenant General Vy Paputin to lead a powerful delegation to visit Kabul. After assessing the situation in Afghanistan, the Soviet delegation, under the pretext of strengthening the Afghan security forces and armed forces, suggested that the Soviet Union should help reorganize the Afghan army, police force and intelligence agencies. Amin accused the proposal tantamount to weakening his leadership over the armed forces and policing, and immediately rejected it.

Later, Paputin proposed that the Soviet government was willing to send troops to help suppress the Muslim guerrillas. Amin expressed doubts about the Soviet Union's intentions and politely declined. In order to eliminate the KGB's control of the Afghan intelligence agency, Amin reorganized the secret police organization - the Ministry of Defense of the Afghan Revolutionary Achievements, established a new agency called "Afghan Workers Intelligence Organization", and appointed his nephew Asadullah to the state Head of the security agency; also made his brothers the head of security in the 4 provinces.

Amin believes that Afghanistan must improve relations with the West, especially with the United States, immediately to resist Soviet control, which may help the United States reduce aid to the guerrillas. Amin took the initiative to meet with the U.S. representative twice for this purpose, expressing his hope for the normalization of relations between the two countries, and asking the U.S. to resume aid to Afghanistan. At the same time, Amin also expressed his willingness to improve relations with China and expressed his hope to ease tensions with Pakistan.


Soviet leaders believed that Amin had begun to flirt with the Soviet Union's enemies. Sooner or later, he would embark on the path of Egyptian President Sadat against the Soviet Union, and finally determined to eradicate this unruly "wild horse". However, it was difficult to find a group to deal with Amin within the Kabul regime, and only the Soviets did it themselves.

From the beginning of November to the end of December 1979, the Soviet Union marched heavily into Afghanistan and surrounded the capital Kabul. On December 26 of the same year, on the eve of the Soviet Union's preparation to invade Afghanistan, Lieutenant General Vy Paputin, the Soviet Union's highest envoy in Afghanistan and the first deputy minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, went to Darulaman Palace (People's Palace) to issue an ultimatum to Amin: In the name of the Afghan government, President Ming formally invited the Soviet Union to send troops to help suppress the Muslim rebels, while the Soviet Union guaranteed the status of the head of Amin and the safety of his family. Amin categorically rejects this claim that ignores Afghan sovereignty.

The next day, on the evening of December 27, 1979, the Soviet army attacked the Darulaman Palace, where the Presidential Palace was located, and Amin commanded the Presidential Palace Guard to resist heroically. Being isolated and outnumbered, after three and a half hours of fierce fighting, the presidential palace guards suffered heavy casualties and were routed, and Amin was killed by the Soviet army. His 4 wives and 24 children were all killed except one daughter who survived with minor injuries.

Although Amin seized power through open and secret struggle, he finally sacrificed his life to defend the country's independence and sovereignty.


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