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Al:Maaida (5:10)

by B M 5 months ago in religion
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Verse of the Day: Explained

Disclaimer: By posting this article, I hope to further Islamic education for Muslims and for those who want to learn. By no means am I attempting to push Islamic spiritual beliefs or religion on others.

As in coordination with the famous Muslim Pro app, the verse of the day is Surah Al-Maaida, Verse 10:

(5:10) But those who disbelieve and deny Our signs - those are the companions of Hellfire.

This verse, out of context, sounds very harsh towards nonbelievers. However, it is like every holy text to warn the believers of what disbelief can become. The Bible, John 3:18, states: "Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God."

The Quranic verse, 5:10, speaks about how those who do not believe will eventually be in Hellfire (if they do not repent or seek forgiveness or turn to Allah). It is common knowledge in most religions that those who do not believe in God (or Jesus, peace be upon him, or whoever it may be) will not make it to heaven.

Though it sounds like a harsh punishment, the Quran has outlined the purpose of human life as worshiping Allah and Allah alone. As with the Bible, God gave us free will so that we could choose to turn to Him. By not turning to Him, we are condemning ourselves.

An Islamic hadith, Sahih Muslim 2808, states that Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Verily, when the unbeliever performs a good deed, he is given a taste of its reward in the world. As for the believer, Allah will store his good deeds for him in the Hereafter and provide his sustenance in the world due to his obedience.”

This hadith explains that unbelievers will only be rewarded for their good deeds in this world, in this Dunya. Any good deeds a believer makes will be rewarded to them in the Hereafter as well, but since nonbelievers will not make it to Jannah (heaven), they are only rewarded with temporary things in this world, such as riches.

There is a bit of controversary about whether or not we can pray for forgiveness for nonbelievers, or ask for blessings or mercy for them. Verses 9:113-114 of the Quran state that "(113) It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire. (114) And the request of forgiveness of Abraham for his father was only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became apparent to Abraham that his father was an enemy to Allah, he disassociated himself from him. Indeed was Abraham compassionate and patient."

Though there are references that tell us we should not, we can always make du'a for those who have not come to the faith, knowing that Allah is All-Knowing and that He knows what we do not. He chooses to guide who He wills, and we can pray that nonbelievers eventually be guided.

Ultimately, Allah is the All-Knowing, and He is the only judge. Those who are guided are guided because He willed it. Those who fall astray are astray because He willed it. We can never know His plan, only Allah knows, and we must have faith that He knows what is right for every follower, and every person on the earth.


I do not claim to be an Islamic scholar, nor do I have any formal Islamic education. This is entirely based on my own research of Quran and hadith. I will always cite all of my references at the bottom of the page. I implore everyone to do their own research and followup on my claims. Thank you for reading.


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