An orgasm is the peak of sexual excitement characterized by a physical and emotional sensation. It is usually an instant, intense and unrestrained excitement usually accompanied by an involuntary muscular movement. Both men and women experience orgasms but differently. In this article, we looked at orgasm in women.
An orgasm in a female is a variable, fleeting peak experience of intense pleasure that induces a state of altered consciousness. Typically, it begins with rhythmic, involuntary contractions of the pelvic striated circumvaginal musculature, frequently accompanied by concurrent uterine and anal contractions.
An orgasmic woman experiences a complicated bodily and psychological state. But not all women achieve and experience orgasm in the same way.
According to William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, in their 1966 book “Human Sexual Response”, the female sexual response follows four physiological processes which include Orgasm. This process includes Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm itself, and Resolution.
The excitement phase in females can last anywhere from a few minutes to many hours. At this stage, the woman's clitoris, labia minora, and vagina enlarge. The uterus lifts and expands, and the muscle that surrounds the vaginal entrance becomes tighter. An organic liquid lubricant starts to be produced by the vaginal walls. Nipples are firm and erect, and the breasts enlarge slightly.
The plateau stage in females is a continuation of the same changes evident in the excitement stage. The clitoris becomes extremely sensitive and withdraws slightly.
The female then goes on to experience the orgasm itself and then moves into resolution where muscles begin to relax, blood pressure drops, and then the body slowly returns to its normal state.
Different types of stimulation such as clitoral, vaginal, and stimulation of erogenous zones - which for most women often include the nipple area - can cause an orgasm.
The exterior glands of the clitoris, which have the most nerve endings in the human body, must be stimulated to get an orgasm. It is supported by legs and possesses vestibular bulbs that surround the vagina.
When sexually stimulated, erectile tissue in the legs and bulbs grows and fills with blood. Some women can reach orgasms through the stimulation of specific areas of the vagina, such as the so-called G-spot, cervix, or a combination of the two.
The nipples are a typical erogenous zone for many women. Erogenous zones are sensitive places that can provide pleasure and sexual arousal when they are stimulated. Some erogenous areas include the neck, arms, bellybutton area, the two sides of the stomach above the waist, lips, breast, around the buttock line, and in-between the thighs. Nipples are particularly sensitive tissue because they contain hundreds of nerve endings per nipple. The genital sensory cortex, which is also activated by vaginal or clitoral stimulation, receives signals from the nipples when they are stimulated.
Blood flows to the genitalia during arousal, making them more sensitive. Many women report regular muscle contractions and an increase in heart rate and respiration as arousal intensifies.
Contractions can occur before, during, or even after an orgasm. These contractions usually last between 0.8 and 17 seconds, however, each woman's experience will vary.
Lubrication commences when the hormones alert the brain that you are becoming sexually stimulated, and the vulva and vaginal glands begin secreting fluids to aid in the penetration process. Additionally, both the inner and outer vaginal lips are swollen.
Although orgasm in women does not involve seminal emission, some women spew urine and skein's gland secretions—a combination containing urea, creatinine, uric acid, and prostate-specific antigen—from the urethra during orgasm.
Hormonal birth control before or after pregnancy and menopause may make it difficult for some women to feel wet, which can make sex unpleasant.
Since an orgasm is both a physical and psychological reaction, it is impossible to discern if a woman has experienced one without asking her. To orgasm, some women may need to experience love.
It may be harder to orgasm if you're under a lot of stress and strain in your life, have marital issues, are in poor physical and mental health, have had an abortion or experienced sexual abuse in the past, are religious, or have sexual shame or stigma.
Females can experience another orgasm right after the resolution, however, males typically need to recover for a while.
Though orgasm is the pinnacle of female sexual pleasure, women do not need to orgasm to get pregnant, however, orgasms may boost fertility.