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The History of Chad

by Abena 5 months ago in Historical / Historical
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The earliest human inhabitants of Chad were probably the Baka, an agricultural people who lived in the forests near the Ubangi River.

The History of Chad
Photo by Johannes Ludwig on Unsplash


Chad is a landlocked country in central Africa that has a long and varied history. The area now known as Chad was first inhabited by humans over 10,000 years ago. Over the centuries, it has been ruled by a number of different empires and governments.

Early History

The earliest human inhabitants of Chad were probably the Baka, an agricultural people who lived in the forests near the Ubangi River. Sao civilization began to develop in the region around 2500 BC. The Sao were a group of trading people who built large fortified settlements and developed an advanced iron-working culture.

In the first century AD, the Sao were conquered by the Meroitic Empire. The Meroitic Empire was based in what is now Sudan and was one of the most powerful empires in Africa at the time. The Meroitic Empire lasted until the fourth century AD, when it was conquered by the Kushan Empire.

The Kushan Empire was based in what is now Afghanistan and was one of the most advanced civilizations of its time. It controlled much of central Asia and parts of India. In the sixth century AD, the Kushan Empire fell to the Hephthalites, a nomadic people from central Asia.

The Hephthalites were eventually defeated by the Tang Dynasty of China in the seventh century AD. The Tang Dynasty ruled China for nearly three centuries and was one of the most prosperous empires in history.

Middle History

From the ninth to eleventh centuries, local kings ruled in the region of Chad. It was divided into small independent kingdoms that fought with one another often. One kingdom in particular, Kanem-Bornu, grew very powerful by 900 AD and dominated much of central Africa for several hundred years. The king of Kanem-Bornu began to claim that he was a direct descendant of Noah, and thus all other rulers were subservient to him.

Kanem-Borno reached its height during the reigns of Kings Dunama Dibalemi (1221–1259) and Ibrahim ibn Umar (1240–1275). Under these two monarchs, Kanem-Bornu conquered many neighboring regions and became one of the most powerful empires in Africa.

In the fifteenth century, the Songhai Empire began to emerge in the region of modern-day Niger. The Songhai Empire was a Muslim state that controlled much of western Africa. At its height, it was the largest and most powerful empire in the region.

The Songhai Empire posed a serious threat to Kanem-Bornu and eventually conquered it in 1591. However, the Songhai Empire soon fell to the Moroccans, who were themselves defeated by the French in 1894.

Modern History

In 1900, France declared a protectorate over Chad. It remained under French control until 1960, when it gained independence. In 1965, Chad became a republic and has been ruled by a series of military dictatorships since then.

Chad is currently in the midst of a civil war that began in 2002. The conflict has killed thousands of people and displaced millions more. Chad is also suffering from the effects of climate change, which have caused drought and famine in recent years.

Despite these challenges, Chad remains one of the most fascinating countries in Africa with a rich and varied history. Its people are among the friendliest and most welcoming in the world, and its culture is both unique and beautiful. I hope you have the chance to visit this amazing country sometime in the future.

More about Chad

Great places to visit include Lake Chad, Zakouma National Park, and Tinga Tinga Art.

-Best time to visit Chad:

The climate is typically warm to hot year round. May and October are the wettest months.

-Highest mountain in Chad:

Emi Koussi, 3415 meters high.

-Population of Chad: 14248557

Native tribes of Chad: Sara people, Arab people, Wodaabe tribe, Fulani Tribe, Gorane People, Maba People, etc.

Chad has a long history going back thousands of years. It has been ruled by many different empires and kingdoms over the course of its history, including the Arab kingdom of Kanem-Borno as well as the Sudanic empires such as the Funj, the Daju, and the Wadai. The French were also in control of Chad for many years until it gained independence in 1960. Chad has been plagued by conflict and violence for most of its history and is currently in the midst of a civil war. Despite these challenges, Chad remains an amazing and fascinating country with a rich culture that is definitely worth visiting.


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