We were successful in sending men to the Moon and are contemplating sending men and women to Mars, but these places are just a step away when you think of the size of the solar system and minuscule when considering the size of the Universe.
We are always thinking about distances, like how many kilometres or miles there are between our home and workplace, or the distance we need to travel before reaching a holiday destination.
The diameter of the Earth is 12,742 kilometres, the distance to the Moon is 384,400 kilometres, and the Sun is almost 150 million kilometres from the Earth. We can understand these distances, but space is different, its size can be beyond our comprehension.
The American space probe New Horizons was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida in January 2006, its most important objective was to fly by the dwarf planet, Pluto. It achieved that journey to Pluto in July 2015 passing by the dwarf planet 12,550 kilometres from its surface.
New Horizons continues its journey through space, it is now over 50 astronomical units away from the Earth. One astronomical unit is the distance between the Sun and the Earth.
The average distance between the Earth and Pluto is roughly 5 billion kilometres. Considering the distance New Horizons had to travel it is not surprising that it took 9 years 5 months and 25 days to reach Pluto.
New Horizons passed Pluto at a speed of roughly 58,000 kilometres per hour, I will use that speed in the following paragraphs.
The distance between the Sun and our planet Earth is 149,597,870 kilometres or one astronomical unit. New Horizons would have taken over 107 days to cover that distance.
The Sun's closest star neighbour is Proxima Centauri, its distance from the Sun is just over 4 light-years or roughly 40 trillion kilometres. That journey for our spacecraft speeding along at 58,000 kilometres per hour would take over 79,000 years to complete, but remember, that closest star to the Sun is not very far away considering the size of the solar system.
The solar system has a diameter of 100,000 light-years or 946 quadrillion kilometres. Wow!
A trillion is 1 followed by 12 zeros, a quadrillion is 1 followed by 15 zeros, yes I know, these numbers are hard to fathom.
Sagittarius A* is the name of the black hole which lies at the centre of our galaxy the Milky Way. That black hole is over 25,000 light-years away from the Sun. Once again, how long a journey would that be for our tiny spacecraft New Horizons? It works out at an incredible 465 million years of travelling time.
The closest spiral galaxy to the Earth is Andromeda or (M 31) this galaxy can be seen with the naked eye. Its distance from the Sun is 2,538,000 light-years. Hypothetically, if we were to send New Horizons on its way to the Andromeda galaxy that epic journey would take more than 47 billion years, which is over three times the age of the Universe itself.
Considering the size of the Universe, the Andromeda galaxy is still in our local area. With our advanced telescopes, we can now see objects that are over 13 billion light-years away. I won't work out how long New Horizons would take to reach these extremely distant objects, the massive numbers would make no sense to most of us.
The human race will probably never be able to leave our local area in space and go on incredible journeys to faraway places. The speed of light is 1,080 million kilometres per hour, but only light can travel at that amazing speed. Even if we could reach that speed it would still be far too slow. Our short lives would be over before we got very far.
You would think that there must be other intelligent life out there somewhere, but we will probably never find out for sure considering the vast distances involved. Could it be possible that more advanced life forms have worked out a faster way to get from A to B? I think we would have heard from them if that was true.
Yes, the Universe is vast. As I said, we can now see objects that are over 13 billion light-years away, but during that very long time the Universe has continued to expand, it is estimated that as of now the Universe has a diameter of over 90 billion light-years.
I hope this short article has put the size of the Universe into some sort of perspective.
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About the Creator
I hope you find some of my articles interesting.
Our highly developed brain has given us intelligence and curiosity, now with the help of sophisticated scientific instruments, we can try and make sense of the Universe and our existence.
Excellent work. Looking forward to reading more!
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