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what is machine learning ?

by DATA sculptor 19 days ago in student

Today you will use AI in your work

MLearning.ai

I use machine learning on a daily basis in my art , and I think most people could benefit from learning a bit more about machine learning. I will post some of the knowledge I have acquired over the years. By reading this article, you will apply machine learning to your work today!

Get answers to the following questions:

What are the basics of machine learning?

What skills are needed for machine learning jobs?

What what are the types of machine learning ?

Why do we need it?

Why Python in machine learning?

Machine learning is a subfield of computer science that deals with the construction and study of algorithmic methods able to learn from and make predictions on data without being explicitly programmed or pre-programed, often using many subjective criteria for success.

I have been working with computer programming since 1986 ( commodore 64 ) which means that I have been experimenting with code and algorithms for a looong time ; ) There are many resources that explain how machine learning works, but the purpose of this article is to explain how You can use it in your daily work.

My goal is to help you understand what your options are when you want to use machine learning in a project and how you can go about achieving that. This article will show you examples of ML used on real world projects.

What are the basics of machine learning?

Everything you need to know — this section clarifies machine learning and its similarities to artificial intelligence, why it functions and the significance of it.

Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that seeks to learn from data and make predictions using these methods. Machine learning is most often used as a computer algorithm, but can also be viewed as machine software, rather than software that runs on computers. The automated conclusion or prediction drawn from the analysis of data by machine learning algorithms is called the “analytical result”. Machine learning draws its name from analog computing machines like computers and robots while being formally defined as any general-purpose computational system with an uncertain hypothesis domain that uses training data to automatically adapt to new tasks without requiring explicit programming or supervision. The success of machine learning depends on the ability of a model to accurately fit and generate patterns in input variables so it may draw predications

What skills are needed for machine learning jobs?

The skills needed for a machine learning job vary depending on the type of project. There are multiple skills that are required to build a successful machine learning project:

1) Machine Learning engineer: This professional can be defined as someone who is experienced in the design and implementation of computer algorithms that use statistical pattern recognition and predictive modeling, often with an accompanying mathematical model.

2) Expert in mathematics: A mathematician has knowledge about how mathematics is used on given problems, case studies, past experiences and experience. The application of mathematical methods to a problem before having any data is called theoretical mathematics or theoretical computer science. Theoretical mathematicians have more training than machine learning engineers but less than statisticians

3) Database specialist: A database specialist uses databases to store data and draw conclusions. They can use their knowledge in learning how to achieve a well thought out model to make predictions in the future.

However, you can also use machine learning without the knowledge of the specialists mentioned above, there are -for example- ready-made Art tools that facilitate this.

What what are the types of machine learning ?

There are three types of machine learning: supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement.

Supervised Machine Learning:

Supervised machine learning is a type of machine-learning in which the algorithm is trained on labeled training data (targeted or limited to the patterns that it has been set to extract) and fitted to this data. The computer program receives input from human experts (e.g., doctors diagnosing patients), then learn from their mistakes and successes to improve performance. The supervised machine-learning algorithm examines the features/inputs based on given function, then finds a function between these inputs and desired outputs where there needs to be enough examples in our past experience for evaluating such functions before predicting them with more power. We also employ active learning where we learn from the data. The supervised machine learning algorithm gives us a model after training it with the help of labeled data, which is an accurate description of the desired outputs. Supervised machine-learning is used for business as well as research activities.

Unsupervised Machine Learning:

Unsupervised machine-learning is a type of machine learning in which the algorithms are independent of any specific data set. It also does not require a trained model to make predictions. An unsupervised machine learning algorithm generates feature vectors which can be interpreted as patterns or descriptions of “similar” input objects in the target domain. There are usually no particular “rules” that define similarity, they are defined by some sort of intuitive understanding (see below). In other words, unsupervised machine-learning algorithms are a way to classify general patterns of interest. The main purpose for unsupervised learning is to find associations between features and target classes. The data may be organized into clusters, but the algorithm does not require a labeled set of examples. While unsupervised learning is less effective in finding patterns, it is still very useful for clustering or for summarizing multiple types of data into a smaller number of summary statistics (and even Bayesian network).

Reinforcement Machine Learning:

Reinforcement machine-learning builds upon the concept from supervised and unsupervised learning by adding an incentive scheme. The model receives feedback on its actions, and the rewards are dependent on the performance of the model. The algorithm makes a prediction (perhaps wrong) and receives feedback to determine whether it is right or wrong. If it was right, then the algorithm wins, and gets a reward; if it was wrong, then the algorithm loses a reward in some way. This can be very effective as reinforcement learning is often able to get better performance than supervised or unsupervised machine learning while being able to use less data. Reinforcement learning is used for training agents with goals and feedback to make decisions. Reinforcement learning methods can be used in many applications including robotics, machine translation and machine vision among many others.

Why do we need it?

Machine learning is a tool that helps us to solve complex problems, mine unknown data from seemingly unrelated fields, and extract insights by exploring data in different ways. It can be quickly trained with thousands of examples and used to do anything from determining if there was foul play in an NFL game (e.g., football) to ranking your friends in order of importance based on your social media posts over the last year.

Why Python in machine learning ?

Python is a programming language that has been getting traction recently for its simplicity and versatility when it comes to building machine-learning-based models. This may be attributed to its general-purpose nature due to being designed as an easy-to-read language that’s also specifically optimized for scientific computing.

In my daily creative work, I use tools that are available to you now. My suggestion for you today, a free tool that you can use without instructions, it is simple and intuitive: https://deepdreamgenerator.com and FREE!

more AI art tools in this story: How to start your adventure with AI art ?

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