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Ielts Academc Writing Task 2 Examples Part 2

8 Examples

By Oğuz AcarPublished 2 months ago 18 min read

Example 1

Question:Only government action can solve housing shortages in big cities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

In many areas of the globe, urban housing scarcity has become a critical societal problem. It has been stated that housing demand can only be met when the government takes action. To the best of our knowledge, the government cannot effectively address housing shortages on its own.

One of the primary arguments against government involvement is that it would hinder the private sector and place an enormous load on the state. In nations where the government has a limited budget and the number of homeless people is high, the participation of private poverty developers is essential and encouraged. It not only relieves the government of the financial burden of subsidizing large-scale building projects, but it also promotes the housing industry. Given its importance in drawing public consumption and fostering economic growth, the housing sector should be subject to market forces rather than government regulation.

Another disadvantage of governmental control over the housing market is that construction quality, functionality, amenities, and other features of housing may stagnate. The cityscape would be monotonous, with apartment complexes and other residential structures constructed in a same fashion. Excessive uniformity, particularly in the size and number of rooms, will not fulfill the complete property needs expressed by people.

Despite these concerns, government involvement is necessary in some market categories and might increase community opposition. Among those who cannot afford market-rate housing are single parents, those with impairments, and other disadvantaged individuals. The government of the United Kingdom may offer people with either a housing allowance to buy their own homes or directly with affordable housing.

As mentioned previously, in order to combat issues of homelessness and insufficient housing, a collaborative effort on the part of the private and public sectors is essential. Even while government involvement would be detrimental to the real estate market and would have a negative impact on the connection between supply and demand, low-income families and vulnerable persons in need of housing are absolutely reliant on aid from the government.

Example 2

Question:There are social, medical and technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What form do these problems take? Do problems of using mobile phones outweigh the benefits


The majority of people of all ages, including children and teenagers, as well as adults, now use mobile phones, which have largely supplanted landlines as the primary electronic device used for voice and data communication in most regions of the globe, particularly those with higher levels of affluence. As a result of the widespread use of this technology, its downsides, which may be analyzed from a social, medical, and technological point of view, should get the most attention from the general public.

Mobile phones, much like a great many other high-tech items such as laptops, are known to have a negative impact on the health of its users. For instance, heavy long-term phone users seem to have an increased risk of developing some forms of cancer, despite the fact that the information that we have so far is unclear. There is a correlation between using mobile phones and getting into car accidents, which is another dangerous issue for people’s health. Despite the fact that they may sometimes use hands-free technology, some people believe that drivers run a significantly increased risk of getting into accidents and losing control of their vehicles when they converse on the phone while driving at the same time.

The cell phone has brought about a significant increase in convenience, but simultaneously, people’s fixation on convenience has resulted in a significant increase in discord. Because of this, the use of mobile phones has been made illegal in a wide variety of public locations, including theaters, libraries, hospitals, and even public transportation, such as trains, buses, and airplanes. It is considered rude, and might even be deemed disrespectful, to speak at an elevated loudness. Because mobile phones are the source of a disproportionately high number of disturbances in educational settings, schools now make it mandatory for students to turn off their phones at the start of each session.

Even with its many drawbacks, the cell phone has established itself as an essential component of contemporary life. Users are able to send text messages, share music files, make phone calls, surf the internet, and a variety of other activities using this handhold, lightweight, portable, and multi-functional device. In the meanwhile, it is anticipated that mobile phones will become more widespread during the next twenty years as a result of technological advancements and mass production that will make them affordable as individual things. Because of these characteristics, the mobile phone will continue to play its function as an essential piece of social infrastructure, making it far simpler for people to stay in contact with their peers than it was previously possible.

As was previously mentioned, the mobile phone has made a significant contribution to society, and the increasing reliance of individuals on it as their primary means of communication is an unstoppable trend; despite this, there are a number of issues associated with its use that need to be managed effectively.

Example 3

Question:Some people believe that new buildings should be built in traditional styles. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?


The use of arhitexture is an essential component of each and every civilization. In light of this, there is a school of thought that maintains that in order to preserve a nation’s cultural identity, newly erected structures should adhere to a classical design aesthetic. I agree with their recommendation that it is of the utmost importance for a country to preserve its cultural identity.

It is possible that new constructions will not only inflict direct harm to the older structures that already exist, which are essential to the culture of a country, but they will also ruin the integrity of the cityscape, which is what defines a country. Over the course of the last several decades, there has been an increased awareness that architecture is one of the primary factors that differentiates one culture from another. For this reason, people are not surprised to notice that structures will impair the one-of-a-kind qualities of an architectural style that has been celebrated all over the globe, researched extensively, and cherished by many people.

Keeping a historic building style alive is important for a number of reasons, one of the most important of which being the fact that it adds variety to the architectural styles that are used in a nation. Some areas are distinguished by the coexistence of buildings of varying dates and styles because classical architecture has been preserved in such areas. It is possible to point to a great number of towns in Europe as instances of places where buildings with a traditional or antique format coexist alongside structures that have been modernized, each of which fulfills a distinct function and serves a unique purpose. It connects the history of the past with the history of the present and serves to remind people of the legacy of a nation. It also contributes to the formation of a contemporary identity for a nation or area.

Despite the importance of historic architectural works in preserving cultural heritage, not all structures should be planned and built in a conventional form. It is, however, incompatible with diversity. It should come as no surprise that a country’s structures would become more similar as the search of a classical design continues. Traditional construction models, on the other hand, need particular skills and building materials that are neither economical nor available to every developer, and so cannot be utilized on a broad scale.

According to the ideas described above, arhictexture is a way to maintaining a nation’s cultural legacy, hence new building should correspond to a traditional style. Although it may not be mirrored in all structures, it plays an important role in sustaining and strengthening a region’s or country’s cultural identity.

Example 4

Question:People think that old buildings should be knocked down and give way to the new buildings. Do you agree or disagree? How important are old buildings to us?


Every piece of property, including buildings, has a lifetime. City planners are often faced with the question of whether a historic structure should be destroyed or preserved. It depends, in my view, on whether the intended structure can meet the needs of the city.

There is no doubting that certain historic structures have aesthetic, archaeological, or architectural significance.

They may be culturally significant as a symbol of a city or nation, or they may be distinctive in the field of architecture. Demolition of such structures will harm cultural heritage and prohibit architects from gaining inspiration from their predecessors. Because of their distinctiveness, historic buildings are extremely likely to generate tourist revenue if carefully preserved. It is safe to argue that historic buildings of this kind are much more essential than new structures and provide far more functions than new ones.

In the case of other historic structures that have no unique value and are deteriorating, total demolition is an acceptable and comprehensible option. Some historic buildings are dangerous to users and pedestrians because they are of low quality and in bad condition. They may obstruct the construction of a new road or other types of urban development. Whether repaired or not, these structures detract from the scenery and give no basis for continuous upkeep.Replacing old structures with new ones fulfills the city’s evolving demands.

To summarize, the decision to save or demolish ancient structures must be made on a case-by-case basis. Before making a decision, all concerned should carefully assess the benefits and drawbacks of new innovations.

Example 5

Question:People in many countries do not wear their traditional costume. Some argue that they would forget their history and tradition. Do you agree or disagree


There is a consensus among anthropologists, sociologists, and other social scientists that conventional garb, both national and regional, is an essential component of any culture. People wear it less often anymore, despite the fact that it is important to the culture and ethnicity of the people they belong to, since Western formal and casual attire are so prevalent in today’s society. Listed below are a number of data that provide credence to the notion that traditional garb plays an important role in preserving ethnicity and identity.

When individuals dress in their traditional garb, it first and foremost brings to mind many different aspects of their culture that are significant to them. The degree to which individuals are willing to appreciate and preserve their cultural history may be gauged by how positively they see the traditional garb they wear. As an example, in Vietnam, female office employees are often compelled to wear an Ao Dai, which is a traditional clothing. This is a practice that has been passed down from generation to generation. It is a national emblem that provides a feeling of ethnic identification to millions of Vietnamese people no matter where they are in the world. In addition to this, it exemplifies the cultural norms and values that are prevalent in Vietnam, as well as the role that people believe women should play in Vietnamese society. It is a rare example in today’s world, as the majority of traditional costumes have been marginalized by Western-style business suits. Despite the popularity of Ao Dai, it is a rare example in today’s world. Only at the theater, on film, and on television do people get to see national costumes.

The wearing of traditional garb in a wide variety of social contexts is another another argument in favor of the significance of doing so. On numerous occasions, whether they are official or casual, people are expected to dress in their traditional garb. In most cases, they are available in two distinct styles: the first is designed for regular use, while the second is more appropriate for special events and business attire. Both have repercussions in many cultures. For instance, a significant number of a culture’s traditional garments have developed over time specifically for the purpose of use in wedding ceremonies in a number of different societies. Not only the newlyweds but also the guests are expected to dress in these garments as a sign of eternity and the gravity of the occasion. The styles of traditional dresses are almost always distinct from one another and change according to the occasion. For instance, in China, the clothing worn during ceremonies has a tendency to be black, but the clothes worn by ordinary people for daily living and usage around the home tends to be lighter in color. The importance of traditional clothing in a culture cannot be questioned because of the high degree to which a society’s way of life is likely to mirror the culture.

Traditional garb is, as a result, deserving of people’s attention and should be maintained; nevertheless, this does not always imply that one need to dress in traditional garb at all times. The primary motivation for people donning clothes is one of practicality. Traditional garb has a significant place in both culture and society, although it is not always appropriate for modern settings. For instance, those who play sports or engage in physical exercise need to have clothing that are appropriate for such activities. On more formal events, such as business meetings, when people from a variety of cultural backgrounds come together to discuss important matters, Western-style suits are worn more often. Dressing in a conventional way is a sign of respect, which is the foundation of trust between individuals.

As was defined previously, the costume, which is a distinctive mode of dress of a particular people in a particular country, should be differentiated from the wardrobes that people wear every day in ordinary settings. This is because the costume is a style of dress that is unique to the people of that country. If a country’s traditional clothing is not preserved in its entirety, the cultural fabric of that nation will inevitably suffer irreparable damage.

Example 6

Question:Some people think that radio has become out-of-date, and there is no need to listen to the radio for entertainment and news. Do you agree or disagree?


Historically, radio broadcasting was regarded as the most practical and significant source of information. However, with the rise of other mass media, it is believed that radio as a medium will be in jeopardy in the future if it does not undergo substantial transformation. This pessimism, in my judgment, is unfounded.

One of the primary reasons why radio will not become obsolete in the near future is because driving is a global way of life. Radio is a common piece of technology placed in automobiles, and for drivers, listening to the radio while driving is an efficient way to maximize their time and receive the latest information, such as news, weather prediction, stock market updates, etc. Increased automobile usage provides radio with great mobility, and its reach continues to surpass that of other media. For individuals without the time to watch television, radio gives rapid and simple access to information. Its continued popularity is also correlated with its low cost. Radio transmission is generally available to the public without cost. Another obvious benefit is that radios are portable. When individuals cannot watch television, read newspapers, or use the Internet, they may listen to the radio.

The introduction of new technologies has also contributed to radio’s continued appeal. Currently, individuals may get radio through satellite, the Internet, and cable, for instance. Numerous additional electronic gadgets, such as MP3 and MP4 players, make it easier for individuals to listen to the radio and utilize it for a variety of entertainments, such as sharing music collections. Although radio lacks the visual and motion capabilities of television and the Internet, advancements in these high-tech gadgets will guarantee that radio can continue to fulfill the requirements of audiences as it always has.

As stated before, radio broadcasting offers several benefits that are seldom seen in electronic or print mass media. With the advancements in technology that allow radio to fulfill more roles and become more accessible, radio transmission will continue to constitute a substantial portion of the media.

Example 7

Question:Many people think that public libraries should only provide books and should not waste their money on expensive hi-tech media, such as software, DVDs or videos. Do you agree or disagree?

A library is a location that stores and manages books that may be checked out or borrowed. There is a current trend of incorporating new technology, such as DVDs and movies, into libraries. Opponents contend that the focus should be on providing literature rather than expanding current experimentation. Modernization is, in my view, an unavoidable trend, but the expansion of a library’s collection should not be taken lightly.

Improving efficiency is one of the primary benefits of utilizing computers and other high-tech items. By storing information about books such as titles, authors, release dates, and even summaries in a computer system, e-library enables users to quickly locate a book. Similarly, librarians are better equipped to store, locate, and handle books. In addition, with the central network linking libraries throughout a nation or the globe, a library patron may readily find a book in any library, regardless of its location.

In the meanwhile, it should be noted that the rising popularity of e-books increases the chance that e-library will eventually replace traditional libraries. Compared to traditional books, e-books not only take up considerably less room but also provide more reading satisfaction. For instance, readers may simply personalize their reading experience by customizing the font, size, and style of characters, accessing books with the same topic, and modifying screen contract, etc. E-books are especially appealing to young users or youngsters due to their extraordinary capacity to exhibit or teach a topic clearly through images, videos, or even movies.

However, it should be emphasized that the fundamental mission of libraries is to offer the public with as many books as possible. The quality of a library is not determined by how contemporary its facilities are, but by how much information it can provide. The greater the number of books a library can make accessible, the more patrons it can attract. On a global scale, practically every renowned library earns its reputation by offering a big collection and a refined selection of books.

As indicated before, the library should prioritize both the installation of new technology and the acquisition of more volumes. Priority number one for a library is to maximize the book reserve and make the resource accessible.

Example 8

Question:As most people spend a major part of adult life at the place of work, job satisfaction is an important part of individual well-being. What are the factors that contribute to job satisfaction? Are all the expectations for job satisfaction realistic?


The degree of pleasure workers might have while working is referred to as job satisfaction. It is of significant interest to companies due to its potential influence on employee productivity and morale. Some intrinsic and some external elements contribute to work happiness. Each will be described below. In the conclusion of the article, the question of whether one’s expectations for work fulfillment are always reasonable is discussed.

The majority of variables that affect work happiness are extrinsic. One is the material necessities of workers. It is natural that salary, housing, paid time off, bonuses, and other employment advantages are the primary factors that employee would consider when determining if a job is worthwhile.Job satisfaction is another form of satisfaction. A worker is pleased if there is the possibility of long-term employment, that is, remaining on the job for an extended period of time. In addition to these fundamental requirements, individuals want a good self-image and the recognition of their contributions. Because of this, promotion is often managed to increase employee work satisfaction by giving the idea that their dedication has been recognized.

In addition to external influences, innate ones are also significant. In many instances, personality plays a significant role. It is considered that workers with a good attitude on life and an optimistic disposition are more likely to have greater job satisfaction regardless of their job or workplace. When optimism enables people to perform effectively in the face of adversity and protects them from being sad, pessimism reduces their likelihood of successfully completing tasks and achieving goals, hence diminishing their work satisfaction.

Given the dynamic nature of today’s corporate climate, it is difficult for jobs to meet the expectations of employees. Weak economy, fast changing technology, and the risk of downsizing all contribute to the fact that tenure is becoming shorter and fewer individuals anticipate to spend their whole working life in the same position. Rewards may boost employee motivation and happiness, but they are not accessible to everyone who desires them. There is no assurance that every excellent performance will always be rewarded. Only the best competitors will be granted access to the bulk of the resource.

As stated before, work satisfaction is attributable to both extrinsic and internal elements. The complexity of today’s work world has reduced the likelihood that individuals will get their ideal employment.

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Oğuz Acar


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