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Ielts Academc Writing Task 2 Examples

Example 1 And Example 2

By Oğuz AcarPublished 2 months ago 16 min read

Example 1

Question:When international media (including movies, fashion shows, advertisements and other TV programmes) convey the same messages to the global audience, people argue that the expansion of international media has negative impacts on cultural diversity. What is your opinion?


Global concern is being raised about the increasing popularity and irregularity of various media programs, such as TV series, as transnational media businesses spread around the globe. A lot of individuals have strong opinions about this trend. International media, in my view, is intimately related to cultural globalization and homogeneity.

International media domination is a symptom of western cultural imperialism and has the power to stifle cultural diversity. It is no secret that a small number of very powerful companies, like Time Warner, control and run worldwide media. They have significant market share in the media and put the safety of domestic media enterprises at danger. The diversity of programs aired will decline proportionately as the number of media owners declines. One's awareness of artworks from other cultural backgrounds is constrained by the limited number of genres present in, for instance, the painting, music, and movies that are readily available in the media.

Global entertainment firms influence cultural variety through influencing the views, attitudes, and conventions of common people in other nations, in addition to acquiring control of those creative sectors. The vast majority of cultural beliefs and values that the dominant mainstream media promotes are American in origin.

Independence, maximizing one's advantages, and material wealth are valued more highly in American culture than family solidarity and communal living, which were once highly regarded in many Asian nations. Unfortunately, a lot of Asians now emulate Americans, which has changed how they see family. This drastic shift might be linked to films and television shows that celebrate the achievements of Americans or American businesses.

People's limited sense of lifestyles is also a result of the loss of media diversity. Many nations' ruling classes speak English, prefer Western cuisine, dress in Western-style jackets, and even prefer Western weddings.American basketball has fascinated young people, and some of them have even sprayed the names of NBA players on their school sweatsuits. Due to exposure to Hollywood films, TV programs, and sports news, the public has through all of these changes in their lives. The lack of media variety will cause culture to degrade and reduce cultural diversity. It is a concerning tendency since people require cultural variety to preserve and transmit their priceless history, including lifestyle, to coming generations.

As was shown above, international media, which is run by a small number of multinational media companies, spreads Western culture around the world and puts many native cultures at risk of dying out.Wherever there is worldwide media, artworks, conventions, and ways of life are consistent due to the uniformity of media programs.

Example 2

Question:There is a disagreement on the impact of increased business and culture contact between countries on a country's identity. What is your opinion?

One of the most obvious aspects of the twenty-first century is a stronger connectivity between nations, both economically and culturally. Many people are concerned that this would cause national identities to slowly disappear. This subject has to be seen and examined from several angles.

A nation does not necessarily give up its culture when it seeks to forge stronger ties with the rest of the globe. Culture is not a disgrace, but rather a strength of a nation. An indigenous culture may set one nation apart from others, luring tourists and generating significant wealth. The majority of tourists go overseas to learn about and experience other cultures, like Beijing opera in China. Many nations have reacted by safeguarding and conserving their cultural identities in an attempt to stay on the list of the most popular travel destinations, such as Thai temples and Japanese tea culture.

While tourism acts as a catalyst for cultural preservation, certain aspects of a culture, such as traditions, conventions, or taboos, may eventually go away. It seems that in certain nations, the natives have become used to the strange customs. It represents the cumulative consequences of other cultures' invasion, whether via media or actual commercial interactions. For instance, two decades ago, open discussion of sex was frowned upon in China, where it considered a taboo issue. Chinese culture has absorbed elements of Western culture throughout time, and many of its long-standing customs have been violated. The rest of the globe is also affected by it.

As has already been previously mentioned, growing connection between nations in the areas of industry and culture has the potential to either enhance or weaken the identities of those nations. There isn't a conclusive response to this question as of yet.

Example 3

Question: Some people believe that culture will be ruined if it is used to earn tourism revenue, but others consider that tourism is the only way of protecting a culture. Discuss both sides and give your own opinion.

There is no question that tourism was once one of the industries with the highest growth rates in the world. Its effects on culture, however, are still up for discussion. From a cultural perspective, this article will go into detail on the impacts of tourism, both good and bad.

Definitely, one of the greatest benefits of tourism is the provision of financial incentives for cultural preservation. For many travelers, culture and history are the first factors they take into account when selecting a place. Numerous tourist destinations have acknowledged their point of view, and as a result funds are now going toward cultural conservation, including the upkeep of important historical landmarks. Therefore, one of the main factors contributing to the preservation of a culture is tourism.

Tourism can help raise money as well as spread awareness of indigenous cultures and mobilize public support for their preservation. Visitors from all around the globe will soon swarm to a historic site that displays a nation’s cultural history when it is made accessible to conserve it. When they return home, they will tell their friends and relatives about their cultural experiences, which will help our site become well-known across the world. The preservation of natural and cultural treasures will receive a deluge of financial and technological help.

On the drawback, tourist growth sometimes comes at the loss of a portion of culture. Food, festivals, costumes, and other interesting aspects of a culture are overemphasized to amuse tourists, which offends the people and taints the country’s distinctiveness. Additionally, due to cultural commercialization, holy aspects of a culture have become routine, and visitors are taught to put little value on a particular custom that is distinctive from others.

These data lead one to the conclusion that tourism neither helps nor hinders the preservation of cultural heritage. Its efforts to save an indigenous culture should be commended, yet they have jeopardized the culture’s purity.

Example 4

Question:Some people argue that immigrants should adopt the local culture when immigrating to a new country. An alternative view is that they can adapt to a new environment by establishing a minority community. Discuss these two views and give your opinion


High population mobility characterizes the world of the twenty-first century. When people decide to leave their home countries and move in another, they must decide whether to assimilate into the new society or to preserve their own cultural traditions by forming a minority community. According to me, the coexistence of several cultures does not entail that one culture submit to another. Instead, creating minority groups can help achieve this.

The majority of immigrants encounter the challenge of assimilating into the new culture and society during their initial stages of life in a new nation. Accepting regional customs is an excellent place to start. Immigrants can interact with locals in this way, especially at employment, where locals predominate. For instance, in Western society, people typically interpret physical proximity to be a sign of trust. There are several instances of this kind. A new immigrant to a country should be aware of the differences and respect local customs. It will alleviate embarrassment and provide consolation.

Migrants are allowed to maintain their unique cultural traditions while assimilating into the local culture and adopting local norms. The coexistence of several minority communities in a nation lessens the culture shock experienced by immigrants and boosts their self-assurance while living in a foreign land. On the other hand, the growth of many cultures contributes to the creation of a multi-cultural environment, which is necessary to draw in qualified workers from all over the world.

One might get the conclusion that immigrants can embrace local customs while also valuing their own cultures by contrasting the aforementioned immigration choices. This makes it possible for natives and immigrants to co-create a peaceful multicultural community.

Example 5

Question:The advantages of the spread of English as a global language will continue to outweigh its disadvantages. To what extent do you agree or disagree

In recent years, there has been a rising realization that English is on the fast track to dominating the international linguistic landscape. There is a lot of disagreement over the impact of this tendency. In my opinion, the benefits of having a language that is widely used will continue to exceed the drawbacks.

The emergence of a global language facilitates cross-cultural communication and interaction amongst individuals with diverse linguistic origins. In several fields of global communication, such as science and the news, recognizing a common language eliminates communication barriers and enhances influence. On several official situations, English as a working language increases efficiency and prevents miscommunication. Likewise, the flow of vital information such as knowledge and technologies would be strongly encouraged.

One may argue that the emergence of a global language would pose a threat to other languages, given that a rising number of people use English as their native tongue. This perspective is wrong. The growth of global English has little, if any, effect on the linguistic skills of non-English speakers. People may be driven to study English as a foreign language, but they do not necessarily abandon their mother tongue since basic or intermediate English is sufficient for daily conversation.

Therefore, the dominance of English as a worldwide language is not a cause of linguistic extinction. Its harmful impact is mostly apparent in cultural imperialism. As the worldwide media acknowledges English as its mother tongue, the majority of disseminated content pertains to the customs, values, and beliefs of English-speaking nations. When these ethnic communities progressively accept the Western civilization, it might put many minority cultures on the edge of extinction over time. Reducing cultural variety is damaging because it causes individuals to live in a basic, boring environment and to think and behave similarly.

Overall, the development of English is a favorable trend. It unites individuals who once spoke different languages and facilitates the interchange of ideas, yet it may result in the loss of cultural variety.

Example 6

Question:Aircrafts have been increasingly used to transport fruits and vegetables to some countries where such plants hardly grow or are out of season. Some people consider it a good trend, but some people oppose it. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

In recent years, there has been a continuous growth in the global demand for imports, including perishable goods such as fruits and vegetables. Importing agricultural goods is sometimes criticized as needless and wasteful, especially when air freight is involved, despite the rise in this industry. In the past, this criticism was valid; nevertheless, there are evidence that this trade activity has resulted in several positive outcomes.

Contrary to common assumption, imports have become more accessible to the ordinary populace in recent years. Due to the fast growth of the freight transport business, air travel has become a cost-effective form of transit, resulting in a reduction in the price of importing. Meanwhile, technological advancements in the flood processing business have made it far simpler to preserve fresh fruits and vegetables for long-distance air travel. As a result of the extensive availability of imported commodities, there are more food options on the market, and import prices have decreased. The market’s product supply is less likely to be affected by seasonal influences, and the general public is assured of a nutritionally appropriate diet throughout the year.

Significantly, import and export often go hand in hand, and a nation that imports commodities from other nations does not always incur a loss. Trade is bilateral and not unilateral. Some nations are known for their agricultural economies, while others specialize in the production of industrial goods. Because natural resources, weather, and geographical characteristics vary amongst nations, their product structures also vary. A country may encourage economic growth and enable the interchange of products, services, and money with the rest of the world by adopting an enlightened policy and fostering international commerce.

Negatively, some nations may acquire an addiction to importing products and neglect the prospect of establishing their own economy. A country’s inability to produce crops to feed its people may be due to a lack of resources or technology, but this cannot be used as an excuse to depend excessively on imports. Government investment in scientific research may facilitate a breakthrough and yield rise, ultimately alleviating the food supply dilemma.

Countries are advised to simultaneously promote international trade and build their domestic producers. Positive views toward goods imported from other states reveal a party’s policy on international trade, but the government should also avoid becoming too dependent on imported commodities.

Example 7

Question: Millions of dollars are spent on space research every year. Some people argue that the money should be spent on improving living standards on Earth. Do you agree or disagree?

In recent years, the number of nations engaged in and interested in long-term space programs has increased. The value of space programs has been called into question due to their astronomical research costs. Some individuals argue that government funds should be redirected toward enhancing the level of life of average citizens. When assessing the value of space ambition, a larger viewpoint is required. Eventually, the investment in space research will bear fruit.

The first reason to support it is that our planet is now experiencing an unparalleled resource crisis that can only be solved by finding and extracting fresh resources on other worlds. The misuse or shortage of some resources on Earth is a significant issue. As industrial output increases, rare metals such as gold and silver will ultimately dwindle. Although these metals and other natural resources are uncommon on Earth, they may be abundant on other worlds. Therefore, undertaking space research is an exciting endeavor.

In the meanwhile, the world’s population has reached a level where it is no longer sustainable, stressing the necessity to find adequate place for the re-settlement of people off the planet.Even if new urban projects can support the growing population, water and power supply, waste treatment, sewage disposal, and sanitation will become unmanageable for our planet’s capability. One may be certain that at least one of the innumerable planets circling stars in the cosmos is appropriate for our second home planet. Mars, which has a striking likeness to Earth, is considered a viable alternative.

Example 8

Question:The advocates of international aid believe that countries have a moral obligation to help each other, while the opponents consider it unnecessary, because money is misspent by the governments that receive it. Discuss these two points of view and give your opinion.

International assistance refers to the provision of money, equipment, or services by a nation or international organization to nations in need, often known as recipient countries. It expresses a moral concept of humanity, including mutual aid and interdependence, according to the donor nations. However, other individuals have an alternative perspective and feel that recipient nations may misuse assistance funds. My opinion is that individuals should not deny monetary or material assistance.

Humanitarian relief is a moral obligation. Members of the global community have a duty to offer aid to one another, particularly to those who are underprivileged and to victims of natural catastrophes and civil disturbance. This assistance is crucial to the homeless and helpful in assisting recipient nations to return to normalcy following large disruptions. For instance, victims of natural disasters around the globe might recover rapidly and rebuild their homes with the aid of humanitarian aid collected annually on a global scale.

In the meanwhile, humanitarian aid is a tool for promoting peace and security. Disparities in material quality of life or geographical distance might contribute to the entrenched animosity between certain nations. The giving of humanitarian aid facilitates cultural, economic, and social connection between nations, therefore alleviating tension. Thus, recipient nations may engage in the global economy, which is a crucial step towards eradicating poverty.

Aid funds are sometimes mishandled or spent on unforeseen destinations, but these drawbacks can never outweigh the advantages. Instead, misuse may increase worldwide awareness of a corrupt government and put pressure on the receiving nation to alter its system. In the meanwhile, it may be addressed by stringent rules and oversight. Abuse of foreign assistance is a rare occurrence, hence its impact should not be exaggerated.

From the above discussion, one may conclude that the purpose of humanitarian aid is not just to provide immediate support to needy people, but also to improve connections between nations. Even if fraud and corruption occur sometimes, they may be handled in a manner that improves future assistance efforts.

Example 9

Question:Some people think the government should pay for health care and education, but there is no agreement about whether it is the government’s responsibility. What is your opinion?


Not unexpectedly, health care and education are two areas of government priority in the majority of nations, if not all. However, many see both as the responsibility of the individual citizen. This view is somewhat justified. Government and individuals should share expense responsibility for education and health care services.

Families with children and the community as a whole gain greatly from government investment for education. On occasion, parents cannot pay the expense of their children’s education since their finances are insufficient compared to the exorbitant tuition fees imposed by a tertiary institution. A person’s lack of academic experience might reduce his or her employability and place him or her in a very disadvantageous situation. Government investment addresses this problem by providing aspiring students with affordable educational opportunities. Possibly nothing in our knowledge-based culture is more important than access to education.

Similarly, a person should get health care treatments, particularly lifesaving ones, regardless of his or her ability to pay. Access to health care is a fundamental human right and an indicator of a fair standard of life. Government investment helps patients to get quick health care services in the event that they need urgent or emergency treatment. This represents the government’s obligation to its constituents. In general, the high expense of health care treatment makes it unaffordable for low-income households. Therefore, government financial help is essential.

In despite of these considerations, it is wrong for individuals to shirk responsibility and attempt to shift all medical expenditures to the government. In light of the fact that the government derives the majority of its funding from taxpayers, excessive use of the health care system will place a tremendous strain on those hardworking and kind residents. Special attention should be provided to those individuals whose health issues are attributable to bad personal living practices. Such individuals should not be eligible for public medical care.

As mentioned before, education and healthcare services are of paramount value to residents, and it is the government’s job to assure their availability and affordability. However, this does not imply that the government should pay for all healthcare and educational services now enjoyed by people.

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Oğuz Acar


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