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Can an IoT smart greenhouse reduce air pollution?

by Avirtech about a month ago in Climate
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The digital transformation era brings a new farming method called IoT smart greenhouse to reduce gas emissions and avoid air pollution that can influence crop yield production. It also has the potential to help farmers who are struggling with low crop yields due to climate change.

Recently, a lot of news on social media discusses the city of Jakarta, Indonesia has been titled a town with a high pollution level. According to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) and data from the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, occupants in Jakarta are estimated to lose three to four years of life expectancy caused by air pollution.

Air pollution may seem like a distant threat to the population's health, but it directly impacts our health and the quality of our crops. Pollution in a field can cause crops to turn color, reduce growth, and even lead to injury or death. But the longer-term impact of air pollution on crops has not been considered much until recently. However, some fields have been observed to be "yellow" when the area becomes a pale color and has reduced growth. Then, how can we still produce high-quality crops, especially in the urban city, while air pollution remains? Luckily, the digital transformation era brings a new farming method called IoT smart greenhouse to reduce gas emissions and avoid air pollution that can influence crop yield production.

What is an IoT smart greenhouse?

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of physical devices, software, and sensors interconnected with the internet. IoT is a technology that allows devices to collect data and communicate with each other. Meanwhile, IoT innovative or smart greenhouse is intelligent machines that use technology to control and observe the environment of a greenhouse to collect information about its performance and adjust it to improve as much as possible. Technically, IoT smart greenhouses can be considered a closed-loop system since the IoT innovative greenhouse's actions depend on the information it collects and the sensors that deliver it.

How does IoT smart greenhouse reduce air pollution?

The smart greenhouse uses IoT technology to reduce the amount of air pollution produced during the growing process. The technology connects the plants to sensors monitoring their health and providing data to the system's artificial intelligence (AI) components. The AI components use the data to make decisions that optimize the plants' health and yield. It enables the smart greenhouse to produce healthier crops with less air pollution than traditional greenhouses.

Smart greenhouses help keep air pollution, and thus CO2 emissions, low by reducing energy and water use and managing the plants' health. They do this by increasing the greenhouse humidity and reducing the amount of water lost to the environment. As well as reducing water loss, they prevent water evaporation, making the greenhouse more aerated. Thus, it makes it easier for crops to take up water and nutrients.

In addition, IoT smart greenhouses also have the potential to help farmers who are struggling with low crop yields due to climate change. Farmers and agribusiness also can adopt IoT methods to boost plantation management. To illustrate, the following is how Avirtech IoT, called BIOTA, manages your plantation condition although kilometers away.

What sensors are used in smart greenhouse monitoring?

The use of sensors for greenhouse remote monitoring has increased with the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT). Sensors can be used to monitor and control the environment inside greenhouses. A computer collects and analyzes data from sensors, enabling growers to make informed decisions such as when to irrigate or how much fertilizer to apply. The best greenhouse remote monitoring systems will have a variety of sensors to deliver the best data analysis. So, what types of sensors that used in smart greenhouse monitoring? Here are the main types of sensors greenhouse remote monitoring systems you need to have:

Light sensors

Light sensors are one of the most critical tools in a smart greenhouse. They can measure the light exposure of plants, which is very important for plant growth. In addition to measuring light exposure, these sensors can also assess other aspects of the greenhouse environment, such as temperature and humidity.

Temperature and humidity sensors

Plant growth rates are seriously affected by cold or hot temperatures. You can adjust temperature and humidity to provide a better growth atmosphere for indoor plants. The temperature and humidity sensors link to an external control system. It will upload the current value to the system when direct sunlight causes an increase in indoor temperature or humidity. And then, the general platform sends a signal to the greenhouse's fan controller to control its work suction or vent.

CO2 sensors

Photosynthesis uses CO2 to create sugar, degrading during respiration and assisting plant growth. So, Carbon (CO2) is one of the factors for plant growth. It reduces evaporative cooling and improves water productivity, resulting in less water used during crop yields. Still, many sensors can be applied in IoT and precision agriculture. You can read here to figure out more types of sensors you can use in precision agriculture.

Therefore, a smart greenhouse can reduce air pollution by using IoT sensors to monitor the greenhouse conditions and adjust the ventilation and lights accordingly. Reducing the vents' time are open minimizes the number of gas emissions released into the atmosphere. Also, LED light sensors can generate heat to help warm the plants.

Climate

About the author

Avirtech

Avirtech is leading the digital transformation of large-scale agriculture for a sustainable future with drones and smart sensors.

🌐 https://avirtech.co/

📧 [email protected]

📍SG - ID - MY - TH

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