Strategic Culture is a way of explaining the Strategic behaviours, policies, traditions and decisions made by the State and its Military. Culture is one of the dimension of strategy. This dimension is an extremely contested concept due to the complexity of the dimension. Everybody associates them selves with one or more culture. The culture that they identify as, will influence how they behave and how they think due to their social and cultural education. Biological and cultural factors determine human thoughts, decisions, behaviours, actions, and reactions. ‘Policy makers and strategists tend to view situations through their own cultural and strategic “lenses,” Some of the earliest works on Strategic culture have been from Jack Snyder, Colin S Gray and Alastair Johnston. In 1977, Jack Snyder sought to understand Soviet nuclear strategy as distinct from America’s own. This work by Snyder presented the first contemporary use of strategic culture. Both Gray and Johnston, use Snyder’s work and formed the basis of their work. Colin S, Gray writes about strategic culture in his book ‘Modern Strategy’, while Johnston writes about strategic culture in his publication of ‘Thinking about strategic culture.’ Both these publications are early works into strategic culture. Strategic culture can help answer the interconnected and complicated world that the world has become since the Cold War. In order to answer the question is strategic culture valid? This paper will delve into strategic culture and the understanding of strategic culture and how it relates to strategy of states and its militaries. It will help to understand why states make the choices that they decide and the behaviours that they have.
The attacks on the World Trade Centre and on the Pentagon had a lasting effect on the world which we still see to this day. The events that had taken place on September 11, 2001, was quoted by many as the event that had ‘changed everything.' The attacks had caused many changes to happen in many aspects around the world and changed many attitudes as to how to cope and deal with terrorism. It had caused conflicts to begin in Afghanistan and Iraq, with many nations around the world rushing to America’s aid to deal with those that had caused 9/11. Security was increased drastically to try and prevent anything on this magnitude to ever be able to happen again. The biggest change to have come from the attacks was surely the intelligence services.