Demetrius of Phalerum was an Athenian orator from Phalerum, a pupil of Theophrastus and possibly Aristotle, and one of the first Peripatetics. Demetrius was a respected statesman chosen by the Macedonian king, Cassander, to administer Athens, where he served for ten years as supreme ruler, making major reforms to the legal system while retaining oligarchical control for Cassander's benefit. His rivals exiled him in 307 BC and after 297 BC, he went first to Thebes, then to Alexandria's court. He has published extensively on literature, cultural criticism and policy issues. He is not to be confused with his son, also named Phaleron's Demetrius, who may have served as Athens 'regent between 262 and 255 on behalf of the Macedonian King Antigonos Gonatas. Demetrius was born in 350 BC, at Phalerum. He was the son of Phanostratus, a man without rank or properties and a nephew of Himeraeus, the anti-Macedonian orator. He was educated at the school in Theophrastus along with poet Menander. Around the time of the Harpalus disputes, he started his public career around 325 BC and soon acquired a great reputation due to the talent he showed in public speaking. He was a member of Phocion's pro-oligarchic party, and he behaved in that statesman's tradition. When Xenocrates did not afford the new metics fee, 322 BC and he was threatened with slavery by the Athenians, he was spared only after Demetrius had bought his debt and paid the price. In 317 BC, Cassander placed Demetrius at the helm of the Athens government following the assassination of Phocion. He held this office for ten years, taking substantial regulatory reforms to bear. The Athenians honoured him with the most remarkable awards, and at least 360 statues were erected. Nevertheless, Demetrius was unpopular with the lower classes of Athenians and pro-democracy political forces, who resented the restrictions he imposed on the parliamentary franchise and treated him as nothing more than a pro-Macedonian puppet tyrant. The tale about the statues was not true according to Stephen V. Tracy; he also notes that Demetrius later played a major part in founding the Alexandrian Library. He continued in power until 307 BC when Demetrius Poliorcetes, adversary of Cassander, invaded Athens and Demetrius was forced to leave. It has been said that he had lost himself to a sort of luxury during the last portion of his presidency and we are advised that he was squandering 1200 talents a year on food, drinks and love affairs. Carystius of Pergamum states that Diognis, a envy of all the Athenian youth, by his reputation had a lover. During his exile, his enemies sought to force the people of Athens to put the death penalty on him, as a result of which his friend Menander nearly fell victim. For one exception, his paintings have gone missing. Demetrius went first to Thebes, then to Ptolemy I Soter's court at Alexandria, with whom he kept on the strongest terms for several years, and who is often said to have entrusted him with the reform of his empire's laws. During his stay at Alexandria he primarily dedicated himself to literary pursuits, often cherishing his own country's memory. Demetrius fell into defeat on the accession of Ptolemy Philadelphus and was forced to exile in Upper Egypt. A monument at Memphis Saqqara is credited to him according to one account. He had been told he suffered from a poisonous snake's bite. Soon after the year 283 BC presumably his death was. Demetrius was the last orator at the Attic who deserved the name of the leaders, after which the practise went down. His prayers were characterised as gentle, graceful and elegant and not as magnificent as those of Demosthenes. His various writings, most of which he may have published during his Egyptian stay, included a wide variety of subjects, and Diogenes Laërtius 'collection of them shows he was a man with the most detailed acquisitions. All of these works have died, some ancient, some political, some philosophical and some fictional.