During the Victorian Era, the chances for an illiterate boy or girl were slim. For this reason, a number of day schools were established. These included the Ragged Schools, Parish Schools and Church Schools.
JAMES VI AND I 1603 – 1625
Countess Elizabeth Bathory de Ecsed (1560-1614) was a Hungarian noblewoman and reputed serial killer from the noble family of Bathory, who owned land in the Kingdom of Hungary. She had been labelled by the Guinness World Records as the most prolific female murderer, though the precise number of her victims is debated. Bathory and 4 collaborators were accused of torturing and killing hundreds of young women between 1585 and 1609. The highest number of victims cited during Bathory’s trial was 650. However, this number comes from the claim by a serving girl named Susannah that Jakab Szilvassy, Countess Bathory’s Court official, had seen the figure in one of Bathory’s private books. The book was never revealed and Szilvassy never mentioned it in his testimony. Despite the evidence against Elizabeth, her family’s importance kept her from facing execution. She was imprisoned in 1610 within Cachtice Castle, and immured in a windowless room until her death 4 years later.
Ancient Egypt --- a subject which has always interested me, even from a very young age. The information we learn at school just skims the surface, and even what is taught in the Bible, gives us a mere glimpse into this very real ancient world. I remember many times going to the museum and staring at the beautifully coloured objects that have been discovered in the Egyptian tombs, even the everyday objects, such as combs or plates, hold my attention as I remember that these very items were physically and actually used every day, thousands of years ago. Even this study probably will just touch the surface of the very deep well of history. A culture of Master and Slave, even as we have had Upper-class and Lower-class. How the Pharaohs treated these slaves and who the slaves were is a massive subject all of its own. The clothes that were worn, who wore them and what they were made of we can, not only read about, but also can see on the walls of the tombs of the Pharaohs. The beautiful jewellery, so colourful, each piece meaning something, we have even copied in our time. The food of the rich, the food of the poor, very different and how the food affected the Egyptians health. The Gods and Goddesses which/who affected every aspect of life back then --- rich and poor! If I were to write down my own knowledge of Ancient Egypt, it would seem like a page compared to the thousands of books that we can read and learn from today. For such a massive subject, where do I start? Which God/Goddess? Which Pharaoh? Which part of Egypt? This study of Ancient Egypt is not meant to be “The Complete History of Ancient Egypt,” just my own “study of Ancient Egypt.” I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I have enjoyed researching it.
The “Workhouse” was designed to provide work and shelter for the extremely poor who could not support themselves. Over time, however, these workhouses became ‘prison systems’ who ‘dealt’ with the same poor. This harsh system first came to light during the Victorian Era. The “Institution” became known for its terrible conditions --- forced child labour / long hours / malnutrition / beatings and neglect.