The President and the Vice President’s term is over at noon on January 20th, while the term limits of Senators and the House of Representatives end on the 3rd day of January. Congress needs to assemble once a year, while that meeting begins at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless the law sets up a different day.
The 19th Amendment is one of the most progressive, and historic amendments to our Constitution. Before the reversal of democrats and republicans, the Republican party was progressive enough to detail a woman’s right to vote. A huge step forward, the infamous Women’s Rights Convention was held in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Two years later there was a nationwide meeting in Worcester, Mass. In 1870, the Massachusetts Republican State Convention showed off two suffragettes, named Lucy Stone, and Mary A. Livermore as the main delegates. Even the National Republican Convention of 1872, had to approve a resolution favoring the admission of women to “wider fields of usefulness.”
The 18th Amendment was proposed to Congress on December 18th, 1917 and ratified on January 16th, 1919 but was repealed by the 21st Amendment on December 5th, 1933. The 18th Amendment was a product of the temperance movement, as they wanted a total ban on the sale of alcohol. Back then, drinking was seen as a weakness. Today, drinking is an ordinary fact of life for some people who could not imagine what it would be like to not be able to drink at all. (Wikipedia: Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution) This Amendment was controversial as it stopped the sale of all alcohol in the continental United States.
This Amendment was passed by Congress, May 13, 1912 and ratified on April 18th, 1913. As such, the Constitutional Amendment declares that Congressional Senators can serve a six-year term in Congress. This came out of the fact that late in the 19th century, some state legislatures were in a deadlock over the election of a senator if different parties controlled different houses. This Amendment was designed to alleviate the deadlock by making sure that Senate vacancies were able to last months or years. It was also built to prevent special interest groups or other political situations to gain control over the state legislature.
The 16th Amendment was ratified in 1913, due to the American federal government wanting a source of revenue while in fact reversing the 1896 Supreme Court decision that did not allow for a nationwide income tax build-up. The income tax is a modern invention because the United States had its eye on making more money to fund itself with.
The 15th Amendment was about giving black men the right to vote, seeing as it stated that the United States cannot deny the vote based on race, color, or whether one had been a slave or not. The 15th Amendment was the beginning of a step out of class struggle, and into radical social equality when it granted black men the right to vote. The government could not be allowed to vote based on race, color, or “previous condition of servitude.” The Southern states, however, used intimidation tactics such as a poll tax, literacy tests and more to scare black voters out of casting their vote. Black men, many of whom had been slaves, were ruled to have the right to vote, because, by 1869, amendments were passed to abolish slavery as Republicans of the time felt that it was crucial to the survival of their party to be against slavery.