As the technology and internet are expanding exponentially, the role of software tester has become even more critical. A software tester is a professional who is deeply involved in testing the endurance of various applications. They put the latter through different testing procedures to see if they can meet the performance criteria and the expectations of the consumers. A whole range of tests is often conducted like stress, performance, functional, stability, etc. All these are usually conducted at different stages of the product life-cycle.
The product is known for its quality and usability. Both are achieved by constant testing that is carried out at the planning and design stages. It has been seen that software testers work in coordination with the teams that help to develop vendor software. DevOps teams have taken the center-stage these days, and it has been seen that the whole process of software development has become more streamlined and sophisticated. The Development and Operations professionals come together and handle development, testing, and delivery of software in a continuous loop by making use of Agile, Lean and even the Scrum frameworks.
The software tester thus always remains an unsung hero for most of the projects. It is during and after the product development; it is the role of software testers to ensure that the software or applications don’t have any issues. If the testing part of the development is handled well then the vendor is saved from a lot of hassle caused by irate customers or clients. Everything when works well, the decorations and the credit is often taken by the developers and the designers
Knowing the significance of the role of the Software Tester, let us now explore the essentials to be a successful software tester.
Essential Skills to Become a Software Tester
Knack for Analytics:
Having an intense interest in analytics is an essential trait of a software tester. A software tester is required to have a passion for logic and be able to analyze the situation well and come up with the closest solution to the issue at hand.
Testing is itself a long and taxing process. The tester is required not just to perform the tests but also report the issues and describe the primary solution. Right communication, has to be sent to the seniors at the right time. Such information is critical as many vital decisions can be taken about the release dates and other timelines.
Mapping Business Solutions:
The most important skill for a software tester is to be able to emulate real-time situations for best test results. Such mapping of business situations helps in close visualization of complex problems. Every software project implements various user stories and system outcomes. A successful project is one where these outcomes are consistent over time. Mapping business situations helps to visualize situations where they can be a possible chance that the consistency might break.
As the name suggests, it is a combination of being global and yet remaining local. The presence of multiple stakeholders in the businesses makes the understanding of the businesses highly tough. Hence every individual component needs to be worked out well. It is thus important for a tester to have that holistic view of the components to get a better understanding of the same. This will also give a better picture of the internal working. This is typically a Glocal approach wherein the tester observed global interaction and local working.
A tester is believed to have great knowledge about manual testing process, s but with the random progress in technology it is also important that one is able to rely on automation especially when a module undergoes multiple changes during implementation. Every cycle of release demands a new testing phase for complete stability. Thus, even minor changes have to come after regression testing. Thus, every new implementation will require some tests to be run.
It is a compelling need for testers to adapt and become familiar with DevOps and Agile for promotion of a collaborative environment of working. Hence the entire testing process is made faster that is helpful in early product roll-out and maybe even surprise the competitors.
Knowledge of Coding:
Unlike traditional understanding that only developers need to have knowledge about coding, the new-age software tester is ill-equipped if he or she does not know how to code. Hence, to deeply understand the working of the application it is important for him to know programming. Although the testers do not require to do the coding at any point in time yes, the knowledge of testing gives them an edge and they are better able to understand and rectify the errors.
Software testing has thus been proved to be a combination of both professional and technical aspects. This is best managed if the individual can take accountability for his actions and the project. This ensures better results and better management.
All these skills listed above are highly essential to be a successful tester. Also, as the technology advances to more sophistication, a tester will have to get proper certifications and other training to be able to match its pace. Two certifications that hold great significance are ISTQB and also CSTE. Additionally, there is no dearth of vendor-specific certifications. Likewise, many pieces of training are also available on the web. The average pay-scale of a tester in the US is to the tune of $56,000. It can further shoot up depending upon the company, experience and definitely the place.
Software testing is and is also going to be one of the most futuristic job profiles. The rapid growth in technology has led to more software applications hitting the internet every day. No software can be launched without undergoing rigorous testing at various stages of design, development, implementation, etc. Many applications are also made to undergo live-user testing to get the best possible feedback. A successful software tester has to have to ability to foresee the future and be able to emulate real-time scenarios, recognize any possible gaps in technology and also finally come up with the best solutions. Additionally, it is always an advantage to have the knowledge of coding, design, automation, and also the latest technology. The checklist is exhaustive, yet the one above has all the essential ingredients. So, if you are really serious about getting into the realm of testing, ensure that you have the best of these. And definitely, do share your journey with us.