Chlorinated paraffin is one of many compounds that have made life easier for people because it can be used in many different industries, such as manufacturing, health and lifestyle, and food production. Because chlorinated paraffins has unique physical properties like low volatility, non-toxicity, and non-flammability, they are now used more and more in the manufacturing industry to make different kinds of products.
Chemistry research has led to some very interesting compounds and mixtures. Scientists in the field of chemistry came up with the idea that uranium is radioactive and could be used to make nuclear fuel. They also found several antibiotic compounds, such as penicillin. Chemistry is a big part of everything we use, from the fuel that runs our spaceships to the polythene bags we use every day. Scientists and researchers like John Dalton, Dmitri Mendeleev, Marie Curie, and others have made amazing discoveries and inventions through their experiments. At the same time, the discovery of some compounds didn't cause a big deal at the time, but they have become very important to people's lives over time. One example is chlorinated paraffin.
Chlorinated paraffin is a complicated mixture of polychlorinated n-alkanes. It is made when an unbranched paraffin compound reacts with chlorine gas in the presence of UV light, which speeds up the chlorination process. So, chlorinated paraffin is made by combining hundreds of homologs and isomers of chlorinated n-alkanes. Also, epoxidized vegetable oil is often added to the compound to keep it stable, especially at high temperatures.
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Chlorinated paraffin's qualities
In the 1800s, paraffin oil was made by a German scientist named Carl von Reichenbach. In the years that followed, paraffin oil proved to be a reliable and effective fuel compared to other traditional fuels used in the candle industry. This made more people want to buy paraffin oil, and over time, more research led to the creation of chlorinated paraffin.
Chlorinated paraffin can be colorless or have a yellowish, amber tint, depending on how much chlorine is added to the unbranched paraffin compound and how long the chain of the resulting compound is. The viscosity of the liquid, which can range from very thin to very thick, also depends on these two things. The length of the chain also affects whether the chlorinated paraffin is waxy or glassy. Most chlorinated paraffin doesn't dissolve in water, so they are usually used to make emulsions and suspensions. Also, these compounds aren't flammable, aren't poisonous, and don't change much.
How chlorinated paraffin is used
Because these compounds have their own unique physical properties, they can be used in many different industries and sectors. Since the first half of the 20th century, different businesses have used chlorinated paraffin. Since then, the market for chlorinated paraffin has grown a lot around the world. Analysts say that chlorinated paraffin manufacturers in India, in particular, will grow a lot with a healthy CAGR of 2.7% from 2018 to 2025. This market has grown and becomes more popular because it can be used in so many different ways. Some of the uses are listed below:
Used to make PVC compounds as a plasticizer compound. These PVC compounds are also used to make wires, cables, shoes, and toys, among other things.
Used to make PVC flooring, coating for fabric, PVC resins, and high-pressure lubricants.
Used as a middleman in the production of PVC pipes, which are widely used for irrigation and other industrial tasks.
It is used as a flame retardant in the plastics and textiles industries, and in some polymers, it is also used as a binder.
Used with antimony trioxide and decabromodiphenyl oxide to make polyester tent fabrics.